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Perception of speech rhythm in second language: the case of rhythmically similar L1 and L2.

Ordin M, Polyanskaya L - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: It was found that speech rhythm in L2 English produced by German learners becomes increasingly stress-timed as acquisition progresses.Advanced learners also deliver speech at a faster rate.However, when native speakers have to classify the timing patterns characteristic of L2 English of German learners at different proficiency levels, they attend to speech rate cues and ignore the differences in speech rhythm.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Fakultät für Linguistik und Literaturwissenschaft, Universität Bielefeld Bielefeld, Germany.

ABSTRACT
We investigated the perception of developmental changes in timing patterns that happen in the course of second language (L2) acquisition, provided that the native and the target languages of the learner are rhythmically similar (German and English). It was found that speech rhythm in L2 English produced by German learners becomes increasingly stress-timed as acquisition progresses. This development is captured by the tempo-normalized rhythm measures of durational variability. Advanced learners also deliver speech at a faster rate. However, when native speakers have to classify the timing patterns characteristic of L2 English of German learners at different proficiency levels, they attend to speech rate cues and ignore the differences in speech rhythm.

No MeSH data available.


VarcoV and VarcoC in the sentences produced by native English speakers and by German learners of English at beginning, intermediate and advanced proficiency levels. Error bar shows 95% confidence interval.
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Figure 1: VarcoV and VarcoC in the sentences produced by native English speakers and by German learners of English at beginning, intermediate and advanced proficiency levels. Error bar shows 95% confidence interval.

Mentions: ANOVAs on the rate-normalized rhythm measures revealed significant difference between proficiency levels at p < 0.0005 for each metric. These metrics were included into multivariate model. The MANOVA test with nPVI metrics, Varco metrics and mean durations of V and C intervals as the dependent variables and proficiency level as the factor revealed a significant effect of proficiency level on the rhythm measures, Λ = 0.856, F(12, 2822) = 19.06, p < 0.0005, μ2 = 0.075. Figures 1–3 show that the metric scores increase as L2 acquisition progresses, which indicates that German learners of English deliver L2 speech at a higher rate and with higher degree of stress-timing as their L2 mastery grows. The differences between the proficiency levels pairwise for each metric are mostly significant (significance values are given in Table 4).


Perception of speech rhythm in second language: the case of rhythmically similar L1 and L2.

Ordin M, Polyanskaya L - Front Psychol (2015)

VarcoV and VarcoC in the sentences produced by native English speakers and by German learners of English at beginning, intermediate and advanced proficiency levels. Error bar shows 95% confidence interval.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4373255&req=5

Figure 1: VarcoV and VarcoC in the sentences produced by native English speakers and by German learners of English at beginning, intermediate and advanced proficiency levels. Error bar shows 95% confidence interval.
Mentions: ANOVAs on the rate-normalized rhythm measures revealed significant difference between proficiency levels at p < 0.0005 for each metric. These metrics were included into multivariate model. The MANOVA test with nPVI metrics, Varco metrics and mean durations of V and C intervals as the dependent variables and proficiency level as the factor revealed a significant effect of proficiency level on the rhythm measures, Λ = 0.856, F(12, 2822) = 19.06, p < 0.0005, μ2 = 0.075. Figures 1–3 show that the metric scores increase as L2 acquisition progresses, which indicates that German learners of English deliver L2 speech at a higher rate and with higher degree of stress-timing as their L2 mastery grows. The differences between the proficiency levels pairwise for each metric are mostly significant (significance values are given in Table 4).

Bottom Line: It was found that speech rhythm in L2 English produced by German learners becomes increasingly stress-timed as acquisition progresses.Advanced learners also deliver speech at a faster rate.However, when native speakers have to classify the timing patterns characteristic of L2 English of German learners at different proficiency levels, they attend to speech rate cues and ignore the differences in speech rhythm.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Fakultät für Linguistik und Literaturwissenschaft, Universität Bielefeld Bielefeld, Germany.

ABSTRACT
We investigated the perception of developmental changes in timing patterns that happen in the course of second language (L2) acquisition, provided that the native and the target languages of the learner are rhythmically similar (German and English). It was found that speech rhythm in L2 English produced by German learners becomes increasingly stress-timed as acquisition progresses. This development is captured by the tempo-normalized rhythm measures of durational variability. Advanced learners also deliver speech at a faster rate. However, when native speakers have to classify the timing patterns characteristic of L2 English of German learners at different proficiency levels, they attend to speech rate cues and ignore the differences in speech rhythm.

No MeSH data available.