Limits...
Work-family conflicts and self-reported work ability: cross-sectional findings in women with chronic musculoskeletal disorders.

Bethge M, Borngräber Y - BMC Musculoskelet Disord (2015)

Bottom Line: We therefore examined, in a sample of women with chronic musculoskeletal disorders, the indirect and direct associations between the indicators of work-family conflicts and self-reported work ability as well as whether the direct effects remained significant after adjustment for covariates.Adjusted regression analyses showed that a five-point increase in strain-based WIF or FIW was associated with a four- and two-point decrease in self-reported work ability, respectively.Our findings indicate that work-family conflicts are associated with poor work ability in female patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23562, Lübeck, Germany. matthias.bethge@uksh.de.

ABSTRACT

Background: Under conditions of gender-specific division of paid employment and unpaid childcare and housework, rising employment of women increases the likelihood that they will be faced with work-family conflicts. As recent research indicates, such conflicts might also contribute to musculoskeletal disorders. However, research in patient samples is needed to clarify how important these conflicts are for relevant health-related measures of functioning (e.g., work ability). We therefore examined, in a sample of women with chronic musculoskeletal disorders, the indirect and direct associations between the indicators of work-family conflicts and self-reported work ability as well as whether the direct effects remained significant after adjustment for covariates.

Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted. Participants were recruited from five rehabilitation centers. Work-family conflicts were assessed by four scales referring to time- and strain-based work interference with family (WIF) and family interference with work (FIW). Self-reported work ability was measured by the Work Ability Index. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed to approve the anticipated four-factor structure of the work-family conflict measure. Direct and indirect associations between work-family conflict indicators and self-reported work ability were examined by path model analysis. Multivariate regression models were performed to calculate adjusted estimators of the direct effects of strain-based WIF and FIW on work ability.

Results: The study included 351 employed women. The confirmatory factor analysis provided support for the anticipated four-factor structure of the work-family conflict measure. The path model analysis identified direct effects of both strain-based scales on self-reported work ability. The time-based scales were indirectly associated with work ability via the strain-based scales. Adjusted regression analyses showed that a five-point increase in strain-based WIF or FIW was associated with a four- and two-point decrease in self-reported work ability, respectively. The standardized regression coefficients were β = 0.35 and β = 0.12.

Conclusions: Our findings indicate that work-family conflicts are associated with poor work ability in female patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders. However, longitudinal research is needed to establish a causal relationship. Better compatibility of work and family life might be an environmental facilitator of better rehabilitation outcomes in female patients with musculoskeletal disorders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Path model of indirect and direct associations of the WFCQ scales and self-reported work ability. n = 336; χ2/df = 2.023; GFI = 0.993; CFI = 0.992; IFI = 0.992; TLI = 0.974; RMSEA = 0.055; WIF, work interference with family; FIW, family interference with work.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4373097&req=5

Fig2: Path model of indirect and direct associations of the WFCQ scales and self-reported work ability. n = 336; χ2/df = 2.023; GFI = 0.993; CFI = 0.992; IFI = 0.992; TLI = 0.974; RMSEA = 0.055; WIF, work interference with family; FIW, family interference with work.

Mentions: All dimensions of work-family conflicts were either directly or indirectly associated with self-reported work ability. The path model analysis identified direct effects of both strain-based scales on the WAI (strain-based WIF on WAI: β = −0.33; 95% CI: −0.42 to −0.21; strain-based FIW on WAI: β = -0.14; 95% CI: −0.24 to −0.04; Figure 2). There were no direct effects of both time-based scales on the WAI. However, as expected, there were significant indirect effects of both time-based scales, which were mediated by the strain-based scales (time-based WIF on WAI: β = -0.20; 95% CI: −0.27 to −0.14; time-based FIW on WAI: β = −0.07; 95% CI: −0.13 to −0.02). In addition to our hypothesized path model, we added an additional path from time-based WIF to strain-based FIW. Goodness-of-fit statistics of the final model were excellent.Figure 2


Work-family conflicts and self-reported work ability: cross-sectional findings in women with chronic musculoskeletal disorders.

Bethge M, Borngräber Y - BMC Musculoskelet Disord (2015)

Path model of indirect and direct associations of the WFCQ scales and self-reported work ability. n = 336; χ2/df = 2.023; GFI = 0.993; CFI = 0.992; IFI = 0.992; TLI = 0.974; RMSEA = 0.055; WIF, work interference with family; FIW, family interference with work.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4373097&req=5

Fig2: Path model of indirect and direct associations of the WFCQ scales and self-reported work ability. n = 336; χ2/df = 2.023; GFI = 0.993; CFI = 0.992; IFI = 0.992; TLI = 0.974; RMSEA = 0.055; WIF, work interference with family; FIW, family interference with work.
Mentions: All dimensions of work-family conflicts were either directly or indirectly associated with self-reported work ability. The path model analysis identified direct effects of both strain-based scales on the WAI (strain-based WIF on WAI: β = −0.33; 95% CI: −0.42 to −0.21; strain-based FIW on WAI: β = -0.14; 95% CI: −0.24 to −0.04; Figure 2). There were no direct effects of both time-based scales on the WAI. However, as expected, there were significant indirect effects of both time-based scales, which were mediated by the strain-based scales (time-based WIF on WAI: β = -0.20; 95% CI: −0.27 to −0.14; time-based FIW on WAI: β = −0.07; 95% CI: −0.13 to −0.02). In addition to our hypothesized path model, we added an additional path from time-based WIF to strain-based FIW. Goodness-of-fit statistics of the final model were excellent.Figure 2

Bottom Line: We therefore examined, in a sample of women with chronic musculoskeletal disorders, the indirect and direct associations between the indicators of work-family conflicts and self-reported work ability as well as whether the direct effects remained significant after adjustment for covariates.Adjusted regression analyses showed that a five-point increase in strain-based WIF or FIW was associated with a four- and two-point decrease in self-reported work ability, respectively.Our findings indicate that work-family conflicts are associated with poor work ability in female patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23562, Lübeck, Germany. matthias.bethge@uksh.de.

ABSTRACT

Background: Under conditions of gender-specific division of paid employment and unpaid childcare and housework, rising employment of women increases the likelihood that they will be faced with work-family conflicts. As recent research indicates, such conflicts might also contribute to musculoskeletal disorders. However, research in patient samples is needed to clarify how important these conflicts are for relevant health-related measures of functioning (e.g., work ability). We therefore examined, in a sample of women with chronic musculoskeletal disorders, the indirect and direct associations between the indicators of work-family conflicts and self-reported work ability as well as whether the direct effects remained significant after adjustment for covariates.

Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted. Participants were recruited from five rehabilitation centers. Work-family conflicts were assessed by four scales referring to time- and strain-based work interference with family (WIF) and family interference with work (FIW). Self-reported work ability was measured by the Work Ability Index. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed to approve the anticipated four-factor structure of the work-family conflict measure. Direct and indirect associations between work-family conflict indicators and self-reported work ability were examined by path model analysis. Multivariate regression models were performed to calculate adjusted estimators of the direct effects of strain-based WIF and FIW on work ability.

Results: The study included 351 employed women. The confirmatory factor analysis provided support for the anticipated four-factor structure of the work-family conflict measure. The path model analysis identified direct effects of both strain-based scales on self-reported work ability. The time-based scales were indirectly associated with work ability via the strain-based scales. Adjusted regression analyses showed that a five-point increase in strain-based WIF or FIW was associated with a four- and two-point decrease in self-reported work ability, respectively. The standardized regression coefficients were β = 0.35 and β = 0.12.

Conclusions: Our findings indicate that work-family conflicts are associated with poor work ability in female patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders. However, longitudinal research is needed to establish a causal relationship. Better compatibility of work and family life might be an environmental facilitator of better rehabilitation outcomes in female patients with musculoskeletal disorders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus