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Gender differences in depression and anxiety among atopic dermatitis patients.

Mina S, Jabeen M, Singh S, Verma R - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Mar-Apr)

Bottom Line: When including moderate to severe grade of depression or anxiety, the current study found prevalence rates of 15% and 12% respectively.Females had significantly more anxiety and depression scores than males (P = 0.04 and P = 0.03 respectively).There is a female preponderance of depression and anxiety disorder in AD patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Shrimati Sucheta Kriplani Hospital, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dermatological patients invariably suffer one or the other psychological problems which may escalate to the extent of a mental disorder. One of the most common dermatological disorders is atopic dermatitis (AD), but the literature has limited data on gender differences for psychiatric morbidity in such patients.

Aims: To evaluate and compare gender differences in the prevalence of depression and anxiety in AD.

Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study with consecutive sampling was done in an outpatient clinic of Dermatology at a Tertiary Care Center. AD subjects giving informed consent were evaluated on a brief semi-structured performa for collecting demographic and clinical information. Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) was used to assess the presence of psychiatric symptoms in these patients. Descriptive analysis was done for the socio-demographic profile and independent sample t-test, Chi-square and Cramer's V test was carried out to find in-between group differences for males and females.

Results: A total of 81 patients were included in the final analysis (males = 36, females = 45) with no significant difference in mean age between male and female subjects (36.14 ± 17.62 and 33.98 ± 14.49 years, respectively; P = 0.54). When including moderate to severe grade of depression or anxiety, the current study found prevalence rates of 15% and 12% respectively. Females had significantly more anxiety and depression scores than males (P = 0.04 and P = 0.03 respectively).

Conclusions: There is a female preponderance of depression and anxiety disorder in AD patients.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Bar chart representing the severity of anxiety amongst the genders in the study population GAD-7 = Generalized anxiety disorder scale
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Figure 2: Bar chart representing the severity of anxiety amongst the genders in the study population GAD-7 = Generalized anxiety disorder scale

Mentions: About 57% of the patients were diagnosed as having clinically significant depression [Figure 1]. It included mild (31%), moderate (8%), moderately severe (5%) and severe (2%). Nearly 48% subjects were diagnosed with significant anxiety features [Figure 2]. It included mild (27%), moderate (4%) and severe (8%). Suicidal ideation was reported by 16% subjects. Among female subjects, 22.2% reported of a suicidal ideation while only 8.3% male subjects reported of any suicidal ideation.


Gender differences in depression and anxiety among atopic dermatitis patients.

Mina S, Jabeen M, Singh S, Verma R - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Mar-Apr)

Bar chart representing the severity of anxiety amongst the genders in the study population GAD-7 = Generalized anxiety disorder scale
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4372931&req=5

Figure 2: Bar chart representing the severity of anxiety amongst the genders in the study population GAD-7 = Generalized anxiety disorder scale
Mentions: About 57% of the patients were diagnosed as having clinically significant depression [Figure 1]. It included mild (31%), moderate (8%), moderately severe (5%) and severe (2%). Nearly 48% subjects were diagnosed with significant anxiety features [Figure 2]. It included mild (27%), moderate (4%) and severe (8%). Suicidal ideation was reported by 16% subjects. Among female subjects, 22.2% reported of a suicidal ideation while only 8.3% male subjects reported of any suicidal ideation.

Bottom Line: When including moderate to severe grade of depression or anxiety, the current study found prevalence rates of 15% and 12% respectively.Females had significantly more anxiety and depression scores than males (P = 0.04 and P = 0.03 respectively).There is a female preponderance of depression and anxiety disorder in AD patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Shrimati Sucheta Kriplani Hospital, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dermatological patients invariably suffer one or the other psychological problems which may escalate to the extent of a mental disorder. One of the most common dermatological disorders is atopic dermatitis (AD), but the literature has limited data on gender differences for psychiatric morbidity in such patients.

Aims: To evaluate and compare gender differences in the prevalence of depression and anxiety in AD.

Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study with consecutive sampling was done in an outpatient clinic of Dermatology at a Tertiary Care Center. AD subjects giving informed consent were evaluated on a brief semi-structured performa for collecting demographic and clinical information. Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) was used to assess the presence of psychiatric symptoms in these patients. Descriptive analysis was done for the socio-demographic profile and independent sample t-test, Chi-square and Cramer's V test was carried out to find in-between group differences for males and females.

Results: A total of 81 patients were included in the final analysis (males = 36, females = 45) with no significant difference in mean age between male and female subjects (36.14 ± 17.62 and 33.98 ± 14.49 years, respectively; P = 0.54). When including moderate to severe grade of depression or anxiety, the current study found prevalence rates of 15% and 12% respectively. Females had significantly more anxiety and depression scores than males (P = 0.04 and P = 0.03 respectively).

Conclusions: There is a female preponderance of depression and anxiety disorder in AD patients.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus