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Silicon Matrix Calcium Phosphate as a Bone Substitute: Early Clinical and Radiological Results in a Prospective Study With 12-Month Follow-up.

Pimenta L, Pesántez CF, Oliveira L - SAS J (2008)

Bottom Line: The mean VAS decreased from 9.3 (± 0.9) to 2.4 (± 1.6) and the mean ODI decreased from 55.0 (± 9.2) to 19.3 (± 11.4) at 12-month follow-up.No clinically relevant adverse events were associated with either the cage or graft material.With increasing evidence of high rates of enhanced fusion development in this spinal application, additional research is encouraged, including longer periods of followup, to further confirm the efficacy of silicon matrix calcium phosphate as a safe and effective bone graft substitute.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Santa Rita Hospital, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Autograft has been the "gold standard" for orthopedic bone grafting applications, but with some clinical challenges. Here we present the rationale and clinical outcomes supporting the use of a bone substitute material that consists of a mixture of two calcium phosphates (HA and ß-TCP), which are integrated into a silicon xerogel matrix, promoting nanocrystalline apatite layers on the surface of the material following implantation into a physiological environment.

Methods: Twenty-four patients with a median age of 53.80 (36-81) years underwent lumbar spinal fusion for degenerative disease, selected by clinical presentation, X-rays, and MRI findings. Subjects were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. The outcome assessment consisted of visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and radiological assessment analyzing the state of fusion on X-ray and CT evaluation by 3 independent radiologists.

Results: All patients completed 12-month follow-up. The mean VAS decreased from 9.3 (± 0.9) to 2.4 (± 1.6) and the mean ODI decreased from 55.0 (± 9.2) to 19.3 (± 11.4) at 12-month follow-up. Three months after surgery, 10 patients (41.67%) had solid fusion based on analysis of CT scans and dynamic radiographs. At 6 months postoperatively, the fusion rate had increased to 75% (18 patients). Twelve months after surgery, 95.83% of patients had solid fusion (23 patients).

Conclusions: The clinical results from this study of silicon matrix calcium phosphate are consistent with previous in vitro studies indicating that this material stimulates formation of a bioactive layer and provides an effective bone graft material for lumbar fusion applications. In comparison with previous studies involving rhBMP-2, silicon matrix calcium phosphate provided a lower fusion rate at 3- and 6-month follow-up points, but after 12 months, the fusion rate was similar, with no statistical differences and lower overall costs. No clinically relevant adverse events were associated with either the cage or graft material. With increasing evidence of high rates of enhanced fusion development in this spinal application, additional research is encouraged, including longer periods of followup, to further confirm the efficacy of silicon matrix calcium phosphate as a safe and effective bone graft substitute.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(A) Preoperative MRI showing DDD at L5-S1, confirmed by discography. (B) Twelve-month sagittal CT scan showing bridging bone. (C) Twelve-month coronal CT scan confirming bridging bone. This patient had not been considered fused at 12-month follow-up. Note: the unlinked trabecular bones (white arrows).
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Figure 0005: (A) Preoperative MRI showing DDD at L5-S1, confirmed by discography. (B) Twelve-month sagittal CT scan showing bridging bone. (C) Twelve-month coronal CT scan confirming bridging bone. This patient had not been considered fused at 12-month follow-up. Note: the unlinked trabecular bones (white arrows).

Mentions: Based on analysis of CT scans and conventional lateral flexion-extension radiographs, at the 3-month follow-up point, 10 patients (62.5%) were found to be fused. Six months after surgery, 75% of patients (18 patients) treated with silicon matrix calcium phosphate were found to be fused (Figure 3), which was increased to 95.83% (23 patients) at 12 months (Figure 4). Patients were not considered to be fused unless all 3 independent radiologists agreed upon this finding. Only 1 patient was not fused 12 months after surgery, but presented bone bridging and remodeling of the endplate (Figure 5). There was no evidence of clinically significant (> 1 mm) subsidence or any anteroposterior migration or rotation of the grafts (Figure 6).


Silicon Matrix Calcium Phosphate as a Bone Substitute: Early Clinical and Radiological Results in a Prospective Study With 12-Month Follow-up.

Pimenta L, Pesántez CF, Oliveira L - SAS J (2008)

(A) Preoperative MRI showing DDD at L5-S1, confirmed by discography. (B) Twelve-month sagittal CT scan showing bridging bone. (C) Twelve-month coronal CT scan confirming bridging bone. This patient had not been considered fused at 12-month follow-up. Note: the unlinked trabecular bones (white arrows).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4365826&req=5

Figure 0005: (A) Preoperative MRI showing DDD at L5-S1, confirmed by discography. (B) Twelve-month sagittal CT scan showing bridging bone. (C) Twelve-month coronal CT scan confirming bridging bone. This patient had not been considered fused at 12-month follow-up. Note: the unlinked trabecular bones (white arrows).
Mentions: Based on analysis of CT scans and conventional lateral flexion-extension radiographs, at the 3-month follow-up point, 10 patients (62.5%) were found to be fused. Six months after surgery, 75% of patients (18 patients) treated with silicon matrix calcium phosphate were found to be fused (Figure 3), which was increased to 95.83% (23 patients) at 12 months (Figure 4). Patients were not considered to be fused unless all 3 independent radiologists agreed upon this finding. Only 1 patient was not fused 12 months after surgery, but presented bone bridging and remodeling of the endplate (Figure 5). There was no evidence of clinically significant (> 1 mm) subsidence or any anteroposterior migration or rotation of the grafts (Figure 6).

Bottom Line: The mean VAS decreased from 9.3 (± 0.9) to 2.4 (± 1.6) and the mean ODI decreased from 55.0 (± 9.2) to 19.3 (± 11.4) at 12-month follow-up.No clinically relevant adverse events were associated with either the cage or graft material.With increasing evidence of high rates of enhanced fusion development in this spinal application, additional research is encouraged, including longer periods of followup, to further confirm the efficacy of silicon matrix calcium phosphate as a safe and effective bone graft substitute.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Santa Rita Hospital, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Autograft has been the "gold standard" for orthopedic bone grafting applications, but with some clinical challenges. Here we present the rationale and clinical outcomes supporting the use of a bone substitute material that consists of a mixture of two calcium phosphates (HA and ß-TCP), which are integrated into a silicon xerogel matrix, promoting nanocrystalline apatite layers on the surface of the material following implantation into a physiological environment.

Methods: Twenty-four patients with a median age of 53.80 (36-81) years underwent lumbar spinal fusion for degenerative disease, selected by clinical presentation, X-rays, and MRI findings. Subjects were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. The outcome assessment consisted of visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and radiological assessment analyzing the state of fusion on X-ray and CT evaluation by 3 independent radiologists.

Results: All patients completed 12-month follow-up. The mean VAS decreased from 9.3 (± 0.9) to 2.4 (± 1.6) and the mean ODI decreased from 55.0 (± 9.2) to 19.3 (± 11.4) at 12-month follow-up. Three months after surgery, 10 patients (41.67%) had solid fusion based on analysis of CT scans and dynamic radiographs. At 6 months postoperatively, the fusion rate had increased to 75% (18 patients). Twelve months after surgery, 95.83% of patients had solid fusion (23 patients).

Conclusions: The clinical results from this study of silicon matrix calcium phosphate are consistent with previous in vitro studies indicating that this material stimulates formation of a bioactive layer and provides an effective bone graft material for lumbar fusion applications. In comparison with previous studies involving rhBMP-2, silicon matrix calcium phosphate provided a lower fusion rate at 3- and 6-month follow-up points, but after 12 months, the fusion rate was similar, with no statistical differences and lower overall costs. No clinically relevant adverse events were associated with either the cage or graft material. With increasing evidence of high rates of enhanced fusion development in this spinal application, additional research is encouraged, including longer periods of followup, to further confirm the efficacy of silicon matrix calcium phosphate as a safe and effective bone graft substitute.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus