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Differences in energy balance-related behaviours in European preschool children: the ToyBox-study.

De Craemer M, Lateva M, Iotova V, De Decker E, Verloigne M, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Androutsos O, Socha P, Kulaga Z, Moreno L, Koletzko B, Manios Y, Cardon G, ToyBox-study gro - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: The highest levels of physical activity were found in Spain (12,669 steps/day on weekdays), while the lowest levels were found in Bulgaria and Greece (9,777 and 9,656 steps/day on weekdays, respectively).Across six European countries, differences in preschoolers' energy balance-related behaviours were found.Future interventions should target European preschoolers' energy balance-related behaviours simultaneously, but should apply country-specific adaptations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of the current study was to compare levels of energy balance-related behaviours (physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and dietary behaviours (more specifically water consumption, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and unhealthy snacking)) in four- to six-year-old preschoolers from six European countries (Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Poland, and Spain) within the ToyBox cross-sectional study.

Methods: A sample of 4,045 preschoolers (4.77 ± 0.43 years; 52.2% boys) had valid physical activity data (steps per day), parents of 8,117 preschoolers (4.78 ± 0.46 years; 53.0% boys) completed a parental questionnaire with questions on sedentary behaviours (television viewing, computer use, and quiet play), and parents of 7,244 preschoolers (4.77 ± 0.44 years; 52.0% boys) completed a food frequency questionnaire with questions on water consumption, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and unhealthy snacking.

Results: The highest levels of physical activity were found in Spain (12,669 steps/day on weekdays), while the lowest levels were found in Bulgaria and Greece (9,777 and 9,656 steps/day on weekdays, respectively). German preschoolers spent the least amount of time in television viewing (43.3 min/day on weekdays), while Greek preschoolers spent the most time in television viewing (88.5 min/day on weekdays). A considerable amount of time was spent in quiet play in all countries, with the highest levels in Poland (104.9 min/day on weekdays), and the lowest levels in Spain (60.4 min/day on weekdays). Belgian, German, and Polish preschoolers had the lowest intakes of water and the highest intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages. The intake of snacks was the highest in Belgian preschoolers (73.1 g/day) and the lowest in Greek preschoolers (53.3 g/day).

Conclusions: Across six European countries, differences in preschoolers' energy balance-related behaviours were found. Future interventions should target European preschoolers' energy balance-related behaviours simultaneously, but should apply country-specific adaptations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Differences in preschoolers’ water consumption across countries.
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pone.0118303.g003: Differences in preschoolers’ water consumption across countries.

Mentions: The differences in preschool children’s water and SSB consumption and snacking across countries are illustrated in Table 6 and Figs. 3 and 4. The mean water consumption ranged from 414.0 (SE = 8.7) ml/day in Polish preschoolers to 754.0 (SE = 10.4) ml/day in Spanish preschoolers. Spain had the highest proportion of preschool children who complied with the guideline of minimum 500ml water intake per day (81.6%; p<0.01), while Poland (36.0%) and Belgium (37.2%) had the lowest proportion of preschoolers meeting this guideline (p<0.001). The mean intake of SSBs ranged from 13.2 (SE = 4.0) ml/day in Greek preschoolers to 156.4 (SE = 3.9) ml/day in Polish preschool children. The mean snack consumption in preschoolers ranged from 53.3 (SE = 1.6) g/day in Greek preschool children—which was lower than preschoolers of any other country (p<0.05)—to 73.1 (SE = 1.8) g/day in Belgian preschoolers.


Differences in energy balance-related behaviours in European preschool children: the ToyBox-study.

De Craemer M, Lateva M, Iotova V, De Decker E, Verloigne M, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Androutsos O, Socha P, Kulaga Z, Moreno L, Koletzko B, Manios Y, Cardon G, ToyBox-study gro - PLoS ONE (2015)

Differences in preschoolers’ water consumption across countries.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4364763&req=5

pone.0118303.g003: Differences in preschoolers’ water consumption across countries.
Mentions: The differences in preschool children’s water and SSB consumption and snacking across countries are illustrated in Table 6 and Figs. 3 and 4. The mean water consumption ranged from 414.0 (SE = 8.7) ml/day in Polish preschoolers to 754.0 (SE = 10.4) ml/day in Spanish preschoolers. Spain had the highest proportion of preschool children who complied with the guideline of minimum 500ml water intake per day (81.6%; p<0.01), while Poland (36.0%) and Belgium (37.2%) had the lowest proportion of preschoolers meeting this guideline (p<0.001). The mean intake of SSBs ranged from 13.2 (SE = 4.0) ml/day in Greek preschoolers to 156.4 (SE = 3.9) ml/day in Polish preschool children. The mean snack consumption in preschoolers ranged from 53.3 (SE = 1.6) g/day in Greek preschool children—which was lower than preschoolers of any other country (p<0.05)—to 73.1 (SE = 1.8) g/day in Belgian preschoolers.

Bottom Line: The highest levels of physical activity were found in Spain (12,669 steps/day on weekdays), while the lowest levels were found in Bulgaria and Greece (9,777 and 9,656 steps/day on weekdays, respectively).Across six European countries, differences in preschoolers' energy balance-related behaviours were found.Future interventions should target European preschoolers' energy balance-related behaviours simultaneously, but should apply country-specific adaptations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of the current study was to compare levels of energy balance-related behaviours (physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and dietary behaviours (more specifically water consumption, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and unhealthy snacking)) in four- to six-year-old preschoolers from six European countries (Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Poland, and Spain) within the ToyBox cross-sectional study.

Methods: A sample of 4,045 preschoolers (4.77 ± 0.43 years; 52.2% boys) had valid physical activity data (steps per day), parents of 8,117 preschoolers (4.78 ± 0.46 years; 53.0% boys) completed a parental questionnaire with questions on sedentary behaviours (television viewing, computer use, and quiet play), and parents of 7,244 preschoolers (4.77 ± 0.44 years; 52.0% boys) completed a food frequency questionnaire with questions on water consumption, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and unhealthy snacking.

Results: The highest levels of physical activity were found in Spain (12,669 steps/day on weekdays), while the lowest levels were found in Bulgaria and Greece (9,777 and 9,656 steps/day on weekdays, respectively). German preschoolers spent the least amount of time in television viewing (43.3 min/day on weekdays), while Greek preschoolers spent the most time in television viewing (88.5 min/day on weekdays). A considerable amount of time was spent in quiet play in all countries, with the highest levels in Poland (104.9 min/day on weekdays), and the lowest levels in Spain (60.4 min/day on weekdays). Belgian, German, and Polish preschoolers had the lowest intakes of water and the highest intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages. The intake of snacks was the highest in Belgian preschoolers (73.1 g/day) and the lowest in Greek preschoolers (53.3 g/day).

Conclusions: Across six European countries, differences in preschoolers' energy balance-related behaviours were found. Future interventions should target European preschoolers' energy balance-related behaviours simultaneously, but should apply country-specific adaptations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus