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Spatial relationships among the cellular tapetum, visual streak and rod density in dogs.

Yamaue Y, Hosaka YZ, Uehara M - J. Vet. Med. Sci. (2014)

Bottom Line: Maximum rod density was found in the area dorsal to the visual streak, and the density in that area was significantly higher than the rod density in the visual streak and accorded spatially with the thickest part of the tapetum.The horizontal visual streak was found over the horizontal line through the optic disc in the temporal half and extended slightly into the nasal half.The visual streak was located within the tapetal area, but ventrally to the thick part of the tapetum.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, Tottori 680-8553, Japan.

ABSTRACT
The dog visual system is well suited to dim light conditions due to rod-dominated retina and the reflective tapetum. The topographical distributions of rods and thickness of the tapetum of the dog were quantified in retinal whole mounts stained with thionine, and spatial relationships among the tapetum, rod density and visual streak of high ganglion cell density were elucidated. The relationship between the retina and tapetum was analyzed in parasagittal sections stained with thionine or hematoxylin-eosin. The tapetum was thick in its center, and the thickest part consisted of 9 to 12 tapetal cell layers. Rod density ranged from 200,000 to 540,000/mm(2). Maximum rod density was found in the area dorsal to the visual streak, and the density in that area was significantly higher than the rod density in the visual streak and accorded spatially with the thickest part of the tapetum. The horizontal visual streak was found over the horizontal line through the optic disc in the temporal half and extended slightly into the nasal half. The central area of the highest density of ganglion cells was approximately located midway between the nasal and temporal ends of the visual streak. The visual streak was located within the tapetal area, but ventrally to the thick part of the tapetum.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Macroscopic photograph of the ocular fundus with a normal tapetum in the right eye (A). Micrographs (B, C) taken from the parasagittal section which is cut along the dashed line. B, the thickest part of the tapetum; C, the area centralis in the visual streak. Thionine stain (B, C). T, Tapetum; Arrow, ganglion cells. Scale bar=5 mm in A and 50 µm in B and C.
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fig_002: Macroscopic photograph of the ocular fundus with a normal tapetum in the right eye (A). Micrographs (B, C) taken from the parasagittal section which is cut along the dashed line. B, the thickest part of the tapetum; C, the area centralis in the visual streak. Thionine stain (B, C). T, Tapetum; Arrow, ganglion cells. Scale bar=5 mm in A and 50 µm in B and C.

Mentions: Distribution of tapetal thickness. The tapetum is thick in the central region. The numbers indicate the layer number of tapetal cells. OD, optic disc.


Spatial relationships among the cellular tapetum, visual streak and rod density in dogs.

Yamaue Y, Hosaka YZ, Uehara M - J. Vet. Med. Sci. (2014)

Macroscopic photograph of the ocular fundus with a normal tapetum in the right eye (A). Micrographs (B, C) taken from the parasagittal section which is cut along the dashed line. B, the thickest part of the tapetum; C, the area centralis in the visual streak. Thionine stain (B, C). T, Tapetum; Arrow, ganglion cells. Scale bar=5 mm in A and 50 µm in B and C.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4363019&req=5

fig_002: Macroscopic photograph of the ocular fundus with a normal tapetum in the right eye (A). Micrographs (B, C) taken from the parasagittal section which is cut along the dashed line. B, the thickest part of the tapetum; C, the area centralis in the visual streak. Thionine stain (B, C). T, Tapetum; Arrow, ganglion cells. Scale bar=5 mm in A and 50 µm in B and C.
Mentions: Distribution of tapetal thickness. The tapetum is thick in the central region. The numbers indicate the layer number of tapetal cells. OD, optic disc.

Bottom Line: Maximum rod density was found in the area dorsal to the visual streak, and the density in that area was significantly higher than the rod density in the visual streak and accorded spatially with the thickest part of the tapetum.The horizontal visual streak was found over the horizontal line through the optic disc in the temporal half and extended slightly into the nasal half.The visual streak was located within the tapetal area, but ventrally to the thick part of the tapetum.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, Tottori 680-8553, Japan.

ABSTRACT
The dog visual system is well suited to dim light conditions due to rod-dominated retina and the reflective tapetum. The topographical distributions of rods and thickness of the tapetum of the dog were quantified in retinal whole mounts stained with thionine, and spatial relationships among the tapetum, rod density and visual streak of high ganglion cell density were elucidated. The relationship between the retina and tapetum was analyzed in parasagittal sections stained with thionine or hematoxylin-eosin. The tapetum was thick in its center, and the thickest part consisted of 9 to 12 tapetal cell layers. Rod density ranged from 200,000 to 540,000/mm(2). Maximum rod density was found in the area dorsal to the visual streak, and the density in that area was significantly higher than the rod density in the visual streak and accorded spatially with the thickest part of the tapetum. The horizontal visual streak was found over the horizontal line through the optic disc in the temporal half and extended slightly into the nasal half. The central area of the highest density of ganglion cells was approximately located midway between the nasal and temporal ends of the visual streak. The visual streak was located within the tapetal area, but ventrally to the thick part of the tapetum.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus