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Impact of incarceration in Nazi concentration camps on multimorbidity of former prisoners.

Jablonski RK, Leszek J, Rosińczuk J, Uchmanowicz I, Panaszek B - Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat (2015)

Bottom Line: Thirty years after leaving a camp, the most prevalent coexisting conditions were also found within the CNS (80%), cardiovascular system (58.33%), and skeletal system (55%).Five and 30 years after leaving a camp, multiorgan lesions were found in 21.6% and 60% of survivors, respectively.The multimorbidity mostly affected older prisoners who stayed at a camp for a longer time period.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department and Clinic of Internal Diseases, Geriatry and Allergology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To show the extent to which the health of former prisoners was affected by incarceration in extermination camps after 5 and 30 years of leaving the camp, and to determine the etiological factors underlying particular dysfunctions.

Methods: Medical records of former prisoners developed in 1950 (n=250) and 1975 (n=120) were then, after several decades, retrospectively analyzed and compared with the control group, randomized and matched according to age, sex, occupation, and environment. None of the subjects in the control group was a prisoner either at a concentration camp or at any other prison or detention facility.

Results: Multimorbidity affected mainly the central nervous system (CNS). Five years after leaving a camp, CNS dysfunctions were observed in 66% of former prisoners. Skeletal (42.4%) and cardiovascular system (34.4%) dysfunctions were the second and third most frequent dysfunctions. Thirty years after leaving a camp, the most prevalent coexisting conditions were also found within the CNS (80%), cardiovascular system (58.33%), and skeletal system (55%). Five and 30 years after leaving a camp, multiorgan lesions were found in 21.6% and 60% of survivors, respectively. Multimorbidity was more frequent in a group of prisoners who underwent the state of apathy and depression or who had been incarcerated longer than 24 months. The rate of CNS diseases was four times higher, and the rate of cardiovascular diseases or skeletal system dysfunctions was two times higher, in the study group after 30 years of leaving a camp compared with the control group.

Conclusion: The consequences of incarceration in concentration camps manifesting as multimorbidity, premature aging, and dramatic increase in mortality rate are observed in the majority of former prisoners. The multimorbidity mostly affected older prisoners who stayed at a camp for a longer time period.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Multimorbidity by age groups in 1975.
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f5-ndt-11-669: Multimorbidity by age groups in 1975.

Mentions: The follow-up data from 1975 show that multimorbidity was predominant among subjects aged 61 to 70 years, ie, in 64 former prisoners (53.3%), as shown in Figure 5.


Impact of incarceration in Nazi concentration camps on multimorbidity of former prisoners.

Jablonski RK, Leszek J, Rosińczuk J, Uchmanowicz I, Panaszek B - Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat (2015)

Multimorbidity by age groups in 1975.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4362975&req=5

f5-ndt-11-669: Multimorbidity by age groups in 1975.
Mentions: The follow-up data from 1975 show that multimorbidity was predominant among subjects aged 61 to 70 years, ie, in 64 former prisoners (53.3%), as shown in Figure 5.

Bottom Line: Thirty years after leaving a camp, the most prevalent coexisting conditions were also found within the CNS (80%), cardiovascular system (58.33%), and skeletal system (55%).Five and 30 years after leaving a camp, multiorgan lesions were found in 21.6% and 60% of survivors, respectively.The multimorbidity mostly affected older prisoners who stayed at a camp for a longer time period.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department and Clinic of Internal Diseases, Geriatry and Allergology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To show the extent to which the health of former prisoners was affected by incarceration in extermination camps after 5 and 30 years of leaving the camp, and to determine the etiological factors underlying particular dysfunctions.

Methods: Medical records of former prisoners developed in 1950 (n=250) and 1975 (n=120) were then, after several decades, retrospectively analyzed and compared with the control group, randomized and matched according to age, sex, occupation, and environment. None of the subjects in the control group was a prisoner either at a concentration camp or at any other prison or detention facility.

Results: Multimorbidity affected mainly the central nervous system (CNS). Five years after leaving a camp, CNS dysfunctions were observed in 66% of former prisoners. Skeletal (42.4%) and cardiovascular system (34.4%) dysfunctions were the second and third most frequent dysfunctions. Thirty years after leaving a camp, the most prevalent coexisting conditions were also found within the CNS (80%), cardiovascular system (58.33%), and skeletal system (55%). Five and 30 years after leaving a camp, multiorgan lesions were found in 21.6% and 60% of survivors, respectively. Multimorbidity was more frequent in a group of prisoners who underwent the state of apathy and depression or who had been incarcerated longer than 24 months. The rate of CNS diseases was four times higher, and the rate of cardiovascular diseases or skeletal system dysfunctions was two times higher, in the study group after 30 years of leaving a camp compared with the control group.

Conclusion: The consequences of incarceration in concentration camps manifesting as multimorbidity, premature aging, and dramatic increase in mortality rate are observed in the majority of former prisoners. The multimorbidity mostly affected older prisoners who stayed at a camp for a longer time period.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus