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The application of click chemistry in the synthesis of agents with anticancer activity.

Ma N, Wang Y, Zhao BX, Ye WC, Jiang S - Drug Des Devel Ther (2015)

Bottom Line: The copper(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition between alkynes and azides (click chemistry) to form 1,2,3-triazoles is the most popular reaction due to its reliability, specificity, and biocompatibility.This reaction has the potential to shorten procedures, and render more efficient lead identification and optimization procedures in medicinal chemistry, which is a powerful modular synthetic approach toward the assembly of new molecular entities and has been applied in anticancer drugs discovery increasingly.The present review focuses mainly on the applications of this reaction in the field of synthesis of agents with anticancer activity, which are divided into four groups: topoisomerase II inhibitors, histone deacetylase inhibitors, protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and antimicrotubule agents.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China ; Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China ; Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Jinan University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT
The copper(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition between alkynes and azides (click chemistry) to form 1,2,3-triazoles is the most popular reaction due to its reliability, specificity, and biocompatibility. This reaction has the potential to shorten procedures, and render more efficient lead identification and optimization procedures in medicinal chemistry, which is a powerful modular synthetic approach toward the assembly of new molecular entities and has been applied in anticancer drugs discovery increasingly. The present review focuses mainly on the applications of this reaction in the field of synthesis of agents with anticancer activity, which are divided into four groups: topoisomerase II inhibitors, histone deacetylase inhibitors, protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and antimicrotubule agents.

No MeSH data available.


Chemical structures of histone deacetylase inhibitors synthesized via click chemistry.Abbreviation: HDAC, histone deacetylases.
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f4-dddt-9-1585: Chemical structures of histone deacetylase inhibitors synthesized via click chemistry.Abbreviation: HDAC, histone deacetylases.

Mentions: Chen et al modified the cap region of a set of triazolylphenyl-based HDACIs in 2008. They screened the products with a panel of pancreatic cell lines to gain result that the nature of substitution on the phenyl ring plays a main role in their selectivity for HDAC1 versus HDAC6. The triazolylphenyl ligand 5 (Figure 4) had been found to significantly inhibit HDAC6 with an IC50 value of 1.9 nM, which represented a valuable research tool for further chemical modifications.25


The application of click chemistry in the synthesis of agents with anticancer activity.

Ma N, Wang Y, Zhao BX, Ye WC, Jiang S - Drug Des Devel Ther (2015)

Chemical structures of histone deacetylase inhibitors synthesized via click chemistry.Abbreviation: HDAC, histone deacetylases.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4362898&req=5

f4-dddt-9-1585: Chemical structures of histone deacetylase inhibitors synthesized via click chemistry.Abbreviation: HDAC, histone deacetylases.
Mentions: Chen et al modified the cap region of a set of triazolylphenyl-based HDACIs in 2008. They screened the products with a panel of pancreatic cell lines to gain result that the nature of substitution on the phenyl ring plays a main role in their selectivity for HDAC1 versus HDAC6. The triazolylphenyl ligand 5 (Figure 4) had been found to significantly inhibit HDAC6 with an IC50 value of 1.9 nM, which represented a valuable research tool for further chemical modifications.25

Bottom Line: The copper(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition between alkynes and azides (click chemistry) to form 1,2,3-triazoles is the most popular reaction due to its reliability, specificity, and biocompatibility.This reaction has the potential to shorten procedures, and render more efficient lead identification and optimization procedures in medicinal chemistry, which is a powerful modular synthetic approach toward the assembly of new molecular entities and has been applied in anticancer drugs discovery increasingly.The present review focuses mainly on the applications of this reaction in the field of synthesis of agents with anticancer activity, which are divided into four groups: topoisomerase II inhibitors, histone deacetylase inhibitors, protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and antimicrotubule agents.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China ; Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China ; Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Jinan University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT
The copper(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition between alkynes and azides (click chemistry) to form 1,2,3-triazoles is the most popular reaction due to its reliability, specificity, and biocompatibility. This reaction has the potential to shorten procedures, and render more efficient lead identification and optimization procedures in medicinal chemistry, which is a powerful modular synthetic approach toward the assembly of new molecular entities and has been applied in anticancer drugs discovery increasingly. The present review focuses mainly on the applications of this reaction in the field of synthesis of agents with anticancer activity, which are divided into four groups: topoisomerase II inhibitors, histone deacetylase inhibitors, protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and antimicrotubule agents.

No MeSH data available.