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The "Happy Heart" educational program for changes in health habits in children and their families: protocol for a randomized clinical trial.

Minossi V, Pellanda LC - BMC Pediatr (2015)

Bottom Line: Strategies for health promotion directed at an early age, with recommendation for healthy habits, can achieve good results.Although this program is being planned for implementation in Brazil, the method can be adapted to many other countries.Protocol registered on the site ensaiosclinicos.gov.br: RBR-8ttw64.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Post-Graduation Program in Health Sciences: Cardiology, Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia, Lucia Campos Pellanda - Research Unit, Av. Princesa Isabel, 370, Santana, Porto Alegre, 90620-000, RS, Brazil. nessa_minossi@hotmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: The prevalence of childhood obesity increased worldwide in recent decades and is associated with risk factors for the development of chronic diseases in adulthood. Strategies for health promotion directed at an early age, with recommendation for healthy habits, can achieve good results. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative, simple and cost effective educational program to improve eating habits, physical activity and the knowledge about healthy habits in children, as well as in their families, as compared to routine outpatient care.

Methods/design: The study is designed as a randomized clinical trial. Sample size is estimated to include 37 children, aged between 7 and 11 years, and their guardians, randomized for an intervention or a control group. The intervention will consist of 11-weekly group meetings of nutritional education and distribution of explanatory material, with orientation about healthy food and family habits and physical activity. Recreational, simple and low cost resources, carefully designed for the presentation of contents to the children and parents, will be used in all meetings. The control group will receive standard outpatient care based in individual clinical practice guidelines. The primary outcomes will be changes in dietary habits, knowledge and physical activity of children and adults. The secondary outcomes will be changes of body mass index, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and laboratory tests, in children and adults.

Discussion: The Happy Heart Study offers a playful and low-cost approach for the prevention and control of obesity and cardiovascular disease in children. Although this program is being planned for implementation in Brazil, the method can be adapted to many other countries.

Registry of protocol: Protocol registered on the site ensaiosclinicos.gov.br: RBR-8ttw64.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Study timeline for intervention and assessment of outcomes.
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Fig2: Study timeline for intervention and assessment of outcomes.

Mentions: The primary outcomes will be the differences between the intervention and control groups with regard to changes in dietary habits, knowledge and physical activity of the participants, from the beginning to the end of follow-up for children and adults. The secondary outcomes will be the differences between the intervention and changes in body mass index, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, complete blood count and C-reactive protein, both in children and their parents. Figure 2 presents a timeline for assessing the outcomes.Figure 2


The "Happy Heart" educational program for changes in health habits in children and their families: protocol for a randomized clinical trial.

Minossi V, Pellanda LC - BMC Pediatr (2015)

Study timeline for intervention and assessment of outcomes.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4359548&req=5

Fig2: Study timeline for intervention and assessment of outcomes.
Mentions: The primary outcomes will be the differences between the intervention and control groups with regard to changes in dietary habits, knowledge and physical activity of the participants, from the beginning to the end of follow-up for children and adults. The secondary outcomes will be the differences between the intervention and changes in body mass index, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, complete blood count and C-reactive protein, both in children and their parents. Figure 2 presents a timeline for assessing the outcomes.Figure 2

Bottom Line: Strategies for health promotion directed at an early age, with recommendation for healthy habits, can achieve good results.Although this program is being planned for implementation in Brazil, the method can be adapted to many other countries.Protocol registered on the site ensaiosclinicos.gov.br: RBR-8ttw64.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Post-Graduation Program in Health Sciences: Cardiology, Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia, Lucia Campos Pellanda - Research Unit, Av. Princesa Isabel, 370, Santana, Porto Alegre, 90620-000, RS, Brazil. nessa_minossi@hotmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: The prevalence of childhood obesity increased worldwide in recent decades and is associated with risk factors for the development of chronic diseases in adulthood. Strategies for health promotion directed at an early age, with recommendation for healthy habits, can achieve good results. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative, simple and cost effective educational program to improve eating habits, physical activity and the knowledge about healthy habits in children, as well as in their families, as compared to routine outpatient care.

Methods/design: The study is designed as a randomized clinical trial. Sample size is estimated to include 37 children, aged between 7 and 11 years, and their guardians, randomized for an intervention or a control group. The intervention will consist of 11-weekly group meetings of nutritional education and distribution of explanatory material, with orientation about healthy food and family habits and physical activity. Recreational, simple and low cost resources, carefully designed for the presentation of contents to the children and parents, will be used in all meetings. The control group will receive standard outpatient care based in individual clinical practice guidelines. The primary outcomes will be changes in dietary habits, knowledge and physical activity of children and adults. The secondary outcomes will be changes of body mass index, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and laboratory tests, in children and adults.

Discussion: The Happy Heart Study offers a playful and low-cost approach for the prevention and control of obesity and cardiovascular disease in children. Although this program is being planned for implementation in Brazil, the method can be adapted to many other countries.

Registry of protocol: Protocol registered on the site ensaiosclinicos.gov.br: RBR-8ttw64.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus