Limits...
Comparing bioenergy production sites in the Southeastern US regarding ecosystem service supply and demand.

Meyer MA, Chand T, Priess JA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Increased concerns globally about the sustainable production of biomass for bioenergy has resulted in numerous certification schemes focusing on best management practices, mostly operating at the plot/field scale.If tradeoffs between biomass production and other ESS are not addressed by landscape planning, it may be reasonable to include rules in certification schemes that require, e.g., the connectivity of natural or semi-natural forest patches in plantation forestry or semi-natural landscape elements in agricultural production systems.Integrating indicators on landscape configuration and composition into certification schemes is particularly relevant considering that certification schemes are governance tools used to ensure comparable sustainability standards for biomass produced in countries with variable or absent legal frameworks for landscape planning.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department Computational Landscape Ecology, UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Biomass for bioenergy is debated for its potential synergies or tradeoffs with other provisioning and regulating ecosystem services (ESS). This biomass may originate from different production systems and may be purposefully grown or obtained from residues. Increased concerns globally about the sustainable production of biomass for bioenergy has resulted in numerous certification schemes focusing on best management practices, mostly operating at the plot/field scale. In this study, we compare the ESS of two watersheds in the southeastern US. We show the ESS tradeoffs and synergies of plantation forestry, i.e., pine poles, and agricultural production, i.e., wheat straw and corn stover, with the counterfactual natural or semi-natural forest in both watersheds. The plantation forestry showed less distinct tradeoffs than did corn and wheat production, i.e., for carbon storage, P and sediment retention, groundwater recharge, and biodiversity. Using indicators of landscape composition and configuration, we showed that landscape planning can affect the overall ESS supply and can partly determine if locally set environmental thresholds are being met. Indicators on landscape composition, configuration and naturalness explained more than 30% of the variation in ESS supply. Landscape elements such as largely connected forest patches or more complex agricultural patches, e.g., mosaics with shrub and grassland patches, may enhance ESS supply in both of the bioenergy production systems. If tradeoffs between biomass production and other ESS are not addressed by landscape planning, it may be reasonable to include rules in certification schemes that require, e.g., the connectivity of natural or semi-natural forest patches in plantation forestry or semi-natural landscape elements in agricultural production systems. Integrating indicators on landscape configuration and composition into certification schemes is particularly relevant considering that certification schemes are governance tools used to ensure comparable sustainability standards for biomass produced in countries with variable or absent legal frameworks for landscape planning.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Mapped ESS supply in the Satilla (a-e) and Big Sunflower (f-j) watersheds, also shown as boxplots (k-o).Mapped P and Sediment retention are plotted with breaks at 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 for better visualization.
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pone.0116336.g002: Mapped ESS supply in the Satilla (a-e) and Big Sunflower (f-j) watersheds, also shown as boxplots (k-o).Mapped P and Sediment retention are plotted with breaks at 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 for better visualization.

Mentions: Examining the plantation forestry system (Satilla watershed) (left) and the agricultural production system (Big Sunflower watershed) (right); c.f. Fig. 2A, E, F, J, K, and O., we observed that carbon storage and vertebrate diversity were much higher in the Satilla watershed. In contrast, groundwater recharge and sediment retention were mostly higher in the Big Sunflower watershed; c.f. Fig. 2C, D, H, I, M, and N. P retention was only slightly higher but varied more in the Big Sunflower watershed. If burning was avoided, the potential GHG emission would be reduced by up to 34,000 t for winter wheat and 130,000 t for corn (CO2-equivalents (2006); see Table 3.


Comparing bioenergy production sites in the Southeastern US regarding ecosystem service supply and demand.

Meyer MA, Chand T, Priess JA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Mapped ESS supply in the Satilla (a-e) and Big Sunflower (f-j) watersheds, also shown as boxplots (k-o).Mapped P and Sediment retention are plotted with breaks at 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 for better visualization.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4359142&req=5

pone.0116336.g002: Mapped ESS supply in the Satilla (a-e) and Big Sunflower (f-j) watersheds, also shown as boxplots (k-o).Mapped P and Sediment retention are plotted with breaks at 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 for better visualization.
Mentions: Examining the plantation forestry system (Satilla watershed) (left) and the agricultural production system (Big Sunflower watershed) (right); c.f. Fig. 2A, E, F, J, K, and O., we observed that carbon storage and vertebrate diversity were much higher in the Satilla watershed. In contrast, groundwater recharge and sediment retention were mostly higher in the Big Sunflower watershed; c.f. Fig. 2C, D, H, I, M, and N. P retention was only slightly higher but varied more in the Big Sunflower watershed. If burning was avoided, the potential GHG emission would be reduced by up to 34,000 t for winter wheat and 130,000 t for corn (CO2-equivalents (2006); see Table 3.

Bottom Line: Increased concerns globally about the sustainable production of biomass for bioenergy has resulted in numerous certification schemes focusing on best management practices, mostly operating at the plot/field scale.If tradeoffs between biomass production and other ESS are not addressed by landscape planning, it may be reasonable to include rules in certification schemes that require, e.g., the connectivity of natural or semi-natural forest patches in plantation forestry or semi-natural landscape elements in agricultural production systems.Integrating indicators on landscape configuration and composition into certification schemes is particularly relevant considering that certification schemes are governance tools used to ensure comparable sustainability standards for biomass produced in countries with variable or absent legal frameworks for landscape planning.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department Computational Landscape Ecology, UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Biomass for bioenergy is debated for its potential synergies or tradeoffs with other provisioning and regulating ecosystem services (ESS). This biomass may originate from different production systems and may be purposefully grown or obtained from residues. Increased concerns globally about the sustainable production of biomass for bioenergy has resulted in numerous certification schemes focusing on best management practices, mostly operating at the plot/field scale. In this study, we compare the ESS of two watersheds in the southeastern US. We show the ESS tradeoffs and synergies of plantation forestry, i.e., pine poles, and agricultural production, i.e., wheat straw and corn stover, with the counterfactual natural or semi-natural forest in both watersheds. The plantation forestry showed less distinct tradeoffs than did corn and wheat production, i.e., for carbon storage, P and sediment retention, groundwater recharge, and biodiversity. Using indicators of landscape composition and configuration, we showed that landscape planning can affect the overall ESS supply and can partly determine if locally set environmental thresholds are being met. Indicators on landscape composition, configuration and naturalness explained more than 30% of the variation in ESS supply. Landscape elements such as largely connected forest patches or more complex agricultural patches, e.g., mosaics with shrub and grassland patches, may enhance ESS supply in both of the bioenergy production systems. If tradeoffs between biomass production and other ESS are not addressed by landscape planning, it may be reasonable to include rules in certification schemes that require, e.g., the connectivity of natural or semi-natural forest patches in plantation forestry or semi-natural landscape elements in agricultural production systems. Integrating indicators on landscape configuration and composition into certification schemes is particularly relevant considering that certification schemes are governance tools used to ensure comparable sustainability standards for biomass produced in countries with variable or absent legal frameworks for landscape planning.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus