Limits...
Fishery induces sperm depletion and reduction in male reproductive potential for crab species under male-biased harvest strategy.

Pardo LM, Rosas Y, Fuentes JP, Riveros MP, Chaparro OR - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: A manipulative experiment was performed in the laboratory to estimate vasa deferentia weight and VSI from just-mated males in order to obtain a reference point for the potential effects of the fishery on sperm reserves.Sperm storage capacity is significantly affected by fisheries; during the mating season vasa deferentia from localities with low fishery intensity were heavier than those from high intensity fisheries, and these differences were even more evident in large males.Males from localities with high fishery intensity showed little capacity to recover sperm reserves and the VSI of these males remained below the values of the just-mated males.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnológicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.

ABSTRACT
Sperm depletion in males can occur when polygynous species are intensively exploited under a male-biased management strategy. In fisheries involving crabs species, the effects of this type of management on the reproductive potential is far from being understood. This study tests whether male-biased management of the principal Chilean crab fishery is able to affect the potential capacity of Metacarcinus edwardsii males to transfer sperm to females. Five localities in southern Chile, recording contrasting crab fishery landing, were selected to assess the potential of sperm depletion triggered by fishery. Seasonally, male crabs from each locality were obtained. Dry weight and histological condition of vasa deferentia and the Vaso-Somatic Index (VSI) were determined in order to use them as proxies for sperm depletion and male reproductive condition. A manipulative experiment was performed in the laboratory to estimate vasa deferentia weight and VSI from just-mated males in order to obtain a reference point for the potential effects of the fishery on sperm reserves. Sperm storage capacity is significantly affected by fisheries; during the mating season vasa deferentia from localities with low fishery intensity were heavier than those from high intensity fisheries, and these differences were even more evident in large males. Histological section showed that this disparity in vasa deferentia weight was explained principally by differences in the quantity of spermatophores rather than other seminal material. VSI was always higher in males from localities with low fishery intensity. Males from localities with high fishery intensity showed little capacity to recover sperm reserves and the VSI of these males remained below the values of the just-mated males. Detriment in the capacity of males to transfer sperm is the first step to sperm limitation in an exploited population, thus detection of sperm depletion can be an alert to introduce changes in the current management of crabs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Left panel: Sampling localities at the southern of Chile; LM: Los Molinos, C: Calbuco, A: Ancud, D: Dalcahue, Q: Quellon.Right panel: Mean and standard error of Metacarcinus edwardsii landings over the last 5 years by locality, and picture showing a typical boat involved in the crab fishery and fishermen working during a landing.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4359117&req=5

pone.0115525.g001: Left panel: Sampling localities at the southern of Chile; LM: Los Molinos, C: Calbuco, A: Ancud, D: Dalcahue, Q: Quellon.Right panel: Mean and standard error of Metacarcinus edwardsii landings over the last 5 years by locality, and picture showing a typical boat involved in the crab fishery and fishermen working during a landing.

Mentions: Five localities in southern Chile (Fig. 1) were chosen based on the official statistics of target crab landings and categorized as having either small or large landings. We considered in the small landing category: Los Molinos (39°51′16.7″ S; 73°23′40.3″W) and Calbuco (41°45′47.1″ S; 73°05′20.1″W), where the mean landing had been less than 0.25 ton per year over the last five years. On the other hand, in the large landing category we included: Ancud (41°50′59.8″ S; 73°51′32.5″W), Dalcahue (42°22′46.3″ S; 73°35′42.5″W) and Quellón (43°08′18.4″ S; 73°36′43.4″W), locations with mean landing varying between 250 to 600 ton per year over the last five years (Fig. 1). Thus, recorded differences between small and large crab landings were up to two orders of magnitude. For this fishery, activities are concentrated around a landing port, where operative distances to fishing sites ranged from 18 km (Quellon) to 40 km (Dalcahue) from ports [16], therefore landing statistics are a good proxy of the local fishing pressure. Independent fishery monitoring of M. edwardsii corroborates the crab landing differences among localities [13].


Fishery induces sperm depletion and reduction in male reproductive potential for crab species under male-biased harvest strategy.

Pardo LM, Rosas Y, Fuentes JP, Riveros MP, Chaparro OR - PLoS ONE (2015)

Left panel: Sampling localities at the southern of Chile; LM: Los Molinos, C: Calbuco, A: Ancud, D: Dalcahue, Q: Quellon.Right panel: Mean and standard error of Metacarcinus edwardsii landings over the last 5 years by locality, and picture showing a typical boat involved in the crab fishery and fishermen working during a landing.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4359117&req=5

pone.0115525.g001: Left panel: Sampling localities at the southern of Chile; LM: Los Molinos, C: Calbuco, A: Ancud, D: Dalcahue, Q: Quellon.Right panel: Mean and standard error of Metacarcinus edwardsii landings over the last 5 years by locality, and picture showing a typical boat involved in the crab fishery and fishermen working during a landing.
Mentions: Five localities in southern Chile (Fig. 1) were chosen based on the official statistics of target crab landings and categorized as having either small or large landings. We considered in the small landing category: Los Molinos (39°51′16.7″ S; 73°23′40.3″W) and Calbuco (41°45′47.1″ S; 73°05′20.1″W), where the mean landing had been less than 0.25 ton per year over the last five years. On the other hand, in the large landing category we included: Ancud (41°50′59.8″ S; 73°51′32.5″W), Dalcahue (42°22′46.3″ S; 73°35′42.5″W) and Quellón (43°08′18.4″ S; 73°36′43.4″W), locations with mean landing varying between 250 to 600 ton per year over the last five years (Fig. 1). Thus, recorded differences between small and large crab landings were up to two orders of magnitude. For this fishery, activities are concentrated around a landing port, where operative distances to fishing sites ranged from 18 km (Quellon) to 40 km (Dalcahue) from ports [16], therefore landing statistics are a good proxy of the local fishing pressure. Independent fishery monitoring of M. edwardsii corroborates the crab landing differences among localities [13].

Bottom Line: A manipulative experiment was performed in the laboratory to estimate vasa deferentia weight and VSI from just-mated males in order to obtain a reference point for the potential effects of the fishery on sperm reserves.Sperm storage capacity is significantly affected by fisheries; during the mating season vasa deferentia from localities with low fishery intensity were heavier than those from high intensity fisheries, and these differences were even more evident in large males.Males from localities with high fishery intensity showed little capacity to recover sperm reserves and the VSI of these males remained below the values of the just-mated males.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnológicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.

ABSTRACT
Sperm depletion in males can occur when polygynous species are intensively exploited under a male-biased management strategy. In fisheries involving crabs species, the effects of this type of management on the reproductive potential is far from being understood. This study tests whether male-biased management of the principal Chilean crab fishery is able to affect the potential capacity of Metacarcinus edwardsii males to transfer sperm to females. Five localities in southern Chile, recording contrasting crab fishery landing, were selected to assess the potential of sperm depletion triggered by fishery. Seasonally, male crabs from each locality were obtained. Dry weight and histological condition of vasa deferentia and the Vaso-Somatic Index (VSI) were determined in order to use them as proxies for sperm depletion and male reproductive condition. A manipulative experiment was performed in the laboratory to estimate vasa deferentia weight and VSI from just-mated males in order to obtain a reference point for the potential effects of the fishery on sperm reserves. Sperm storage capacity is significantly affected by fisheries; during the mating season vasa deferentia from localities with low fishery intensity were heavier than those from high intensity fisheries, and these differences were even more evident in large males. Histological section showed that this disparity in vasa deferentia weight was explained principally by differences in the quantity of spermatophores rather than other seminal material. VSI was always higher in males from localities with low fishery intensity. Males from localities with high fishery intensity showed little capacity to recover sperm reserves and the VSI of these males remained below the values of the just-mated males. Detriment in the capacity of males to transfer sperm is the first step to sperm limitation in an exploited population, thus detection of sperm depletion can be an alert to introduce changes in the current management of crabs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus