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Differential contribution of soil biota groups to plant litter decomposition as mediated by soil use.

Castro-Huerta RA, Falco LB, Sandler RV, Coviella CE - PeerJ (2015)

Bottom Line: Differences were found for the different biota groups, and they were dependant on soil use.Within systems, the results show that in the naturalized grasslands, the macrofauna had the highest contribution to decomposition.These results underscore the relative importance and activity of the different groups of the edaphic biota and the effects of different soil uses on soil biota activity.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Ecology Laboratory, Terrestrial Ecology Research Program, Basic Sciences Department-Ecology and Sustainable Development Institute, National University of Luján , Luján, Buenos Aires , Argentina.

ABSTRACT
Plant decomposition is dependant on the activity of the soil biota and its interactions with climate, soil properties, and plant residue inputs. This work assessed the roles of different groups of the soil biota on litter decomposition, and the way they are modulated by soil use. Litterbags of different mesh sizes for the selective exclusion of soil fauna by size (macro, meso, and microfauna) were filled with standardized dried leaves and placed on the same soil under different use intensities: naturalized grasslands, recent agriculture, and intensive agriculture fields. During five months, litterbags of each mesh size were collected once a month per system with five replicates. The remaining mass was measured and decomposition rates calculated. Differences were found for the different biota groups, and they were dependant on soil use. Within systems, the results show that in the naturalized grasslands, the macrofauna had the highest contribution to decomposition. In the recent agricultural system it was the combined activity of the macro- and mesofauna, and in the intensive agricultural use it was the mesofauna activity. These results underscore the relative importance and activity of the different groups of the edaphic biota and the effects of different soil uses on soil biota activity.

No MeSH data available.


Sampling location.Map showing the location of the sampling sites.
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fig-1: Sampling location.Map showing the location of the sampling sites.

Mentions: The study was carried out in the rolling pampas of central Argentina. With over fifty million hectares of agricultural land, it is one of the biggest and most productive plains in the world (Navarrete et al., 2007; Faggi et al., 2008). Three agroecosystem types with different intensities of soil use were selected as treatments. The agroecosystems were located near Chivilcoy city in the Buenos Aires province, Argentina (35°03′00″S; 59°41′00″W) (Fig. 1).


Differential contribution of soil biota groups to plant litter decomposition as mediated by soil use.

Castro-Huerta RA, Falco LB, Sandler RV, Coviella CE - PeerJ (2015)

Sampling location.Map showing the location of the sampling sites.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4359044&req=5

fig-1: Sampling location.Map showing the location of the sampling sites.
Mentions: The study was carried out in the rolling pampas of central Argentina. With over fifty million hectares of agricultural land, it is one of the biggest and most productive plains in the world (Navarrete et al., 2007; Faggi et al., 2008). Three agroecosystem types with different intensities of soil use were selected as treatments. The agroecosystems were located near Chivilcoy city in the Buenos Aires province, Argentina (35°03′00″S; 59°41′00″W) (Fig. 1).

Bottom Line: Differences were found for the different biota groups, and they were dependant on soil use.Within systems, the results show that in the naturalized grasslands, the macrofauna had the highest contribution to decomposition.These results underscore the relative importance and activity of the different groups of the edaphic biota and the effects of different soil uses on soil biota activity.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Ecology Laboratory, Terrestrial Ecology Research Program, Basic Sciences Department-Ecology and Sustainable Development Institute, National University of Luján , Luján, Buenos Aires , Argentina.

ABSTRACT
Plant decomposition is dependant on the activity of the soil biota and its interactions with climate, soil properties, and plant residue inputs. This work assessed the roles of different groups of the soil biota on litter decomposition, and the way they are modulated by soil use. Litterbags of different mesh sizes for the selective exclusion of soil fauna by size (macro, meso, and microfauna) were filled with standardized dried leaves and placed on the same soil under different use intensities: naturalized grasslands, recent agriculture, and intensive agriculture fields. During five months, litterbags of each mesh size were collected once a month per system with five replicates. The remaining mass was measured and decomposition rates calculated. Differences were found for the different biota groups, and they were dependant on soil use. Within systems, the results show that in the naturalized grasslands, the macrofauna had the highest contribution to decomposition. In the recent agricultural system it was the combined activity of the macro- and mesofauna, and in the intensive agricultural use it was the mesofauna activity. These results underscore the relative importance and activity of the different groups of the edaphic biota and the effects of different soil uses on soil biota activity.

No MeSH data available.