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Analysis of the involvement of cytokines in allergy and breast cancer association.

Kowalczewska ME, Brożyna A, Jóźwicki W, Pławski K, Przybyszewski M, Wrotek S, Bartuzi Z, Kozak W - Contemp Oncol (Pozn) (2014)

Bottom Line: Subsequent molecular analysis, however, did not show statistically significant differences in cytokines mRNA and protein expression levels between allergic patients and those with malignancy.The in vitro reactivity test also did not reveal marked differences between IL-1β, IL-4 and IL-6 production after PBMC triggering with exogenous antigen.We concluded that the studied cytokines (IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, and IFN-γ) are not engaged in breast cancer-allergy negative relation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Immunology Faculty of Biology and Environment Protection Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland.

ABSTRACT

Aim of the study: The existence of a correlation between allergy disorders and cancer diseases has been confirmed by several epidemiological studies. Although the molecular mechanism involved in this phenomenon remains unknown, there are data indicating that certain cytokines, engaged in allergic processes, have antineoplastic activities. The aim of the present study was to explore the association between advanced breast cancer and allergic state on the molecular level.

Material and methods: We determined and compared the mRNA and protein expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-4, IL-6, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), cytokines known for antitumor properties, in the blood of advanced breast cancer patients and individuals with allergic diseases related to type 2 response. In addition, we performed an in vitro assay of reactivity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells after exogenous antigen stimulation. As a preliminary to molecular analysis we conducted a questionnaire study concerning the incidence of allergy among breast cancer patients and healthy subjects without malignancy.

Results: The results of the survey study revealed a negative relation between breast cancer and allergy prevalence. Subsequent molecular analysis, however, did not show statistically significant differences in cytokines mRNA and protein expression levels between allergic patients and those with malignancy. The in vitro reactivity test also did not reveal marked differences between IL-1β, IL-4 and IL-6 production after PBMC triggering with exogenous antigen.

Conclusions: We concluded that the studied cytokines (IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, and IFN-γ) are not engaged in breast cancer-allergy negative relation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A) Relative level of IL-1β mRNA expression among control individuals (n = 6), cancer patients (n = 6), and allergic patients (n = 6). Densitometry gel analysis with UN-SCAN-IT 6.1. B) Concentration of IL-1β in serum of control individuals (n = 6), breast cancer patients (n = 6), and allergic patients (n = 6). All values are expressed as means ± S.E.M. of all samples within the groups. Asterisk indicates significant difference between groups (**p < 0.01, Student's t-test)
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Figure 0002: A) Relative level of IL-1β mRNA expression among control individuals (n = 6), cancer patients (n = 6), and allergic patients (n = 6). Densitometry gel analysis with UN-SCAN-IT 6.1. B) Concentration of IL-1β in serum of control individuals (n = 6), breast cancer patients (n = 6), and allergic patients (n = 6). All values are expressed as means ± S.E.M. of all samples within the groups. Asterisk indicates significant difference between groups (**p < 0.01, Student's t-test)

Mentions: The PCR analysis demonstrated that the transcription level of the interleukin-1β (IL-1β) gene was higher in mononuclear cells isolated from the blood of the allergic patients and control group compared to breast cancer patients (Fig. 1, 2A). These differences in IL-β mRNA between the cancer group and the two other groups were significant (p < 0.01). In contrast to mRNA level measurement, the results of ELISA tests specifically directed against IL-1β showed no differences in the concentration of this cytokine between the sera collected from patients with breast cancer, those with allergy, and the control individuals (Fig. 2B).


Analysis of the involvement of cytokines in allergy and breast cancer association.

Kowalczewska ME, Brożyna A, Jóźwicki W, Pławski K, Przybyszewski M, Wrotek S, Bartuzi Z, Kozak W - Contemp Oncol (Pozn) (2014)

A) Relative level of IL-1β mRNA expression among control individuals (n = 6), cancer patients (n = 6), and allergic patients (n = 6). Densitometry gel analysis with UN-SCAN-IT 6.1. B) Concentration of IL-1β in serum of control individuals (n = 6), breast cancer patients (n = 6), and allergic patients (n = 6). All values are expressed as means ± S.E.M. of all samples within the groups. Asterisk indicates significant difference between groups (**p < 0.01, Student's t-test)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4355658&req=5

Figure 0002: A) Relative level of IL-1β mRNA expression among control individuals (n = 6), cancer patients (n = 6), and allergic patients (n = 6). Densitometry gel analysis with UN-SCAN-IT 6.1. B) Concentration of IL-1β in serum of control individuals (n = 6), breast cancer patients (n = 6), and allergic patients (n = 6). All values are expressed as means ± S.E.M. of all samples within the groups. Asterisk indicates significant difference between groups (**p < 0.01, Student's t-test)
Mentions: The PCR analysis demonstrated that the transcription level of the interleukin-1β (IL-1β) gene was higher in mononuclear cells isolated from the blood of the allergic patients and control group compared to breast cancer patients (Fig. 1, 2A). These differences in IL-β mRNA between the cancer group and the two other groups were significant (p < 0.01). In contrast to mRNA level measurement, the results of ELISA tests specifically directed against IL-1β showed no differences in the concentration of this cytokine between the sera collected from patients with breast cancer, those with allergy, and the control individuals (Fig. 2B).

Bottom Line: Subsequent molecular analysis, however, did not show statistically significant differences in cytokines mRNA and protein expression levels between allergic patients and those with malignancy.The in vitro reactivity test also did not reveal marked differences between IL-1β, IL-4 and IL-6 production after PBMC triggering with exogenous antigen.We concluded that the studied cytokines (IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, and IFN-γ) are not engaged in breast cancer-allergy negative relation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Immunology Faculty of Biology and Environment Protection Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland.

ABSTRACT

Aim of the study: The existence of a correlation between allergy disorders and cancer diseases has been confirmed by several epidemiological studies. Although the molecular mechanism involved in this phenomenon remains unknown, there are data indicating that certain cytokines, engaged in allergic processes, have antineoplastic activities. The aim of the present study was to explore the association between advanced breast cancer and allergic state on the molecular level.

Material and methods: We determined and compared the mRNA and protein expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-4, IL-6, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), cytokines known for antitumor properties, in the blood of advanced breast cancer patients and individuals with allergic diseases related to type 2 response. In addition, we performed an in vitro assay of reactivity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells after exogenous antigen stimulation. As a preliminary to molecular analysis we conducted a questionnaire study concerning the incidence of allergy among breast cancer patients and healthy subjects without malignancy.

Results: The results of the survey study revealed a negative relation between breast cancer and allergy prevalence. Subsequent molecular analysis, however, did not show statistically significant differences in cytokines mRNA and protein expression levels between allergic patients and those with malignancy. The in vitro reactivity test also did not reveal marked differences between IL-1β, IL-4 and IL-6 production after PBMC triggering with exogenous antigen.

Conclusions: We concluded that the studied cytokines (IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, and IFN-γ) are not engaged in breast cancer-allergy negative relation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus