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Assessment of two school-based programs to prevent universal eating disorders: media literacy and theatre-based methodology in Spanish adolescent boys and girls.

Mora M, Penelo E, Gutiérrez T, Espinoza P, González ML, Raich RM - ScientificWorldJournal (2015)

Bottom Line: Both programs can benefit students' self-esteem.Moreover, ML + NUT program was useful in reducing thin-ideal internalization.However, differences in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes were not found.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Unitat d'Avaluació i Intervenció en Imatge Corporal, Departament de Psicologia Clínica i de la Salut, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, 08193 Barcelona, Spain.

ABSTRACT

Aims: To evaluate the long-term effects of two school-based prevention programs administered to a universal mixed-sex sample of school-going adolescents on disturbed eating attitudes, aesthetic ideal internalization, and other eating disorder risk factors, when compared to a control group.

Methods: Participants were 200 adolescents aged 12-15 selected by means of incidental sampling from second-year compulsory secondary education at schools. An interactive multimedia media literacy program (ML + NUT, Media Literacy and Nutrition) and a program focused on the same topics using dramatic arts (Theatre Alive) were applied and compared with a control group. Pretest, posttest (1 month later), and 5- and 13-month follow-up measurements were taken. Analyses were conducted with two-way mixed 3 × 3 ANCOVA (group × phase) adjusted by baseline levels, body mass index, and sex.

Results: Participants in both experimental groups showed significantly higher self-esteem scores than the control group over time. The ML + NUT group also presented lower aesthetic ideal internalization scores than the control group.

Discussion: Both programs can benefit students' self-esteem. Moreover, ML + NUT program was useful in reducing thin-ideal internalization. However, differences in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes were not found. The programs may be protective on the core psychological variables, which are essential to adaptive adolescent development.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Profiles for statistically significant comparisons among groups for SATAQ-R internalization (a) and RSES self-esteem scores (b).
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig2: Profiles for statistically significant comparisons among groups for SATAQ-R internalization (a) and RSES self-esteem scores (b).

Mentions: Table 2 (left) presents the observed means (and SD) for all measures considered for the three groups over the four assessment points. No statistical interaction effect (group × phase) was found (Table 2, right) and the main group effect was statistically significant for the SATAQ-R internalisation (P = .049) and self-esteem (P = .005) scores. When compared to participants in the control group, the adolescents who received the ML + NUT program scored 0.25 points less on SATAQ-R internalisation scores (95% CI [0.06; 0.45]; P = .013; d = 0.47) and 1.66 points more on self-esteem scores (95% CI [0.54; 2.79]; P = .004; d = 0.57). When compared to the control group, participants who received the Theatre Alive program also scored 1.58 points higher on self-esteem scores (95% CI [0.41; 2.75]; P = .008; d = 0.50), whereas differences regarding SATAQ-R internalisation scores were only nearly statistically significant (95% CI [−0.00; 0.40]; P = .054; d = 0.39). Figure 2 shows profiles over time for the aforementioned findings (adjusted means by preprogram levels and BMI).


Assessment of two school-based programs to prevent universal eating disorders: media literacy and theatre-based methodology in Spanish adolescent boys and girls.

Mora M, Penelo E, Gutiérrez T, Espinoza P, González ML, Raich RM - ScientificWorldJournal (2015)

Profiles for statistically significant comparisons among groups for SATAQ-R internalization (a) and RSES self-esteem scores (b).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4353415&req=5

fig2: Profiles for statistically significant comparisons among groups for SATAQ-R internalization (a) and RSES self-esteem scores (b).
Mentions: Table 2 (left) presents the observed means (and SD) for all measures considered for the three groups over the four assessment points. No statistical interaction effect (group × phase) was found (Table 2, right) and the main group effect was statistically significant for the SATAQ-R internalisation (P = .049) and self-esteem (P = .005) scores. When compared to participants in the control group, the adolescents who received the ML + NUT program scored 0.25 points less on SATAQ-R internalisation scores (95% CI [0.06; 0.45]; P = .013; d = 0.47) and 1.66 points more on self-esteem scores (95% CI [0.54; 2.79]; P = .004; d = 0.57). When compared to the control group, participants who received the Theatre Alive program also scored 1.58 points higher on self-esteem scores (95% CI [0.41; 2.75]; P = .008; d = 0.50), whereas differences regarding SATAQ-R internalisation scores were only nearly statistically significant (95% CI [−0.00; 0.40]; P = .054; d = 0.39). Figure 2 shows profiles over time for the aforementioned findings (adjusted means by preprogram levels and BMI).

Bottom Line: Both programs can benefit students' self-esteem.Moreover, ML + NUT program was useful in reducing thin-ideal internalization.However, differences in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes were not found.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Unitat d'Avaluació i Intervenció en Imatge Corporal, Departament de Psicologia Clínica i de la Salut, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, 08193 Barcelona, Spain.

ABSTRACT

Aims: To evaluate the long-term effects of two school-based prevention programs administered to a universal mixed-sex sample of school-going adolescents on disturbed eating attitudes, aesthetic ideal internalization, and other eating disorder risk factors, when compared to a control group.

Methods: Participants were 200 adolescents aged 12-15 selected by means of incidental sampling from second-year compulsory secondary education at schools. An interactive multimedia media literacy program (ML + NUT, Media Literacy and Nutrition) and a program focused on the same topics using dramatic arts (Theatre Alive) were applied and compared with a control group. Pretest, posttest (1 month later), and 5- and 13-month follow-up measurements were taken. Analyses were conducted with two-way mixed 3 × 3 ANCOVA (group × phase) adjusted by baseline levels, body mass index, and sex.

Results: Participants in both experimental groups showed significantly higher self-esteem scores than the control group over time. The ML + NUT group also presented lower aesthetic ideal internalization scores than the control group.

Discussion: Both programs can benefit students' self-esteem. Moreover, ML + NUT program was useful in reducing thin-ideal internalization. However, differences in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes were not found. The programs may be protective on the core psychological variables, which are essential to adaptive adolescent development.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus