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Assessment of two school-based programs to prevent universal eating disorders: media literacy and theatre-based methodology in Spanish adolescent boys and girls.

Mora M, Penelo E, Gutiérrez T, Espinoza P, González ML, Raich RM - ScientificWorldJournal (2015)

Bottom Line: Both programs can benefit students' self-esteem.Moreover, ML + NUT program was useful in reducing thin-ideal internalization.However, differences in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes were not found.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Unitat d'Avaluació i Intervenció en Imatge Corporal, Departament de Psicologia Clínica i de la Salut, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, 08193 Barcelona, Spain.

ABSTRACT

Aims: To evaluate the long-term effects of two school-based prevention programs administered to a universal mixed-sex sample of school-going adolescents on disturbed eating attitudes, aesthetic ideal internalization, and other eating disorder risk factors, when compared to a control group.

Methods: Participants were 200 adolescents aged 12-15 selected by means of incidental sampling from second-year compulsory secondary education at schools. An interactive multimedia media literacy program (ML + NUT, Media Literacy and Nutrition) and a program focused on the same topics using dramatic arts (Theatre Alive) were applied and compared with a control group. Pretest, posttest (1 month later), and 5- and 13-month follow-up measurements were taken. Analyses were conducted with two-way mixed 3 × 3 ANCOVA (group × phase) adjusted by baseline levels, body mass index, and sex.

Results: Participants in both experimental groups showed significantly higher self-esteem scores than the control group over time. The ML + NUT group also presented lower aesthetic ideal internalization scores than the control group.

Discussion: Both programs can benefit students' self-esteem. Moreover, ML + NUT program was useful in reducing thin-ideal internalization. However, differences in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes were not found. The programs may be protective on the core psychological variables, which are essential to adaptive adolescent development.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Flow diagram of progress through the phases of the study.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: Flow diagram of progress through the phases of the study.

Mentions: The schools were assigned to the experimental conditions taking into account the schools as the sample unit, not individual participants, in order to avoid the spill-over effect between the experimental condition participants. Therefore, the biggest school served as the control group, two schools received the ML + NUT program, and two more schools were assigned to the theatre program. One hundred and fifty-six participants (75.4%) remained until the last follow-up, with the reduction in sample size being due to absences on the testing days, changes in school, or blank questionnaires being returned (Figure 1).


Assessment of two school-based programs to prevent universal eating disorders: media literacy and theatre-based methodology in Spanish adolescent boys and girls.

Mora M, Penelo E, Gutiérrez T, Espinoza P, González ML, Raich RM - ScientificWorldJournal (2015)

Flow diagram of progress through the phases of the study.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4353415&req=5

fig1: Flow diagram of progress through the phases of the study.
Mentions: The schools were assigned to the experimental conditions taking into account the schools as the sample unit, not individual participants, in order to avoid the spill-over effect between the experimental condition participants. Therefore, the biggest school served as the control group, two schools received the ML + NUT program, and two more schools were assigned to the theatre program. One hundred and fifty-six participants (75.4%) remained until the last follow-up, with the reduction in sample size being due to absences on the testing days, changes in school, or blank questionnaires being returned (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Both programs can benefit students' self-esteem.Moreover, ML + NUT program was useful in reducing thin-ideal internalization.However, differences in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes were not found.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Unitat d'Avaluació i Intervenció en Imatge Corporal, Departament de Psicologia Clínica i de la Salut, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, 08193 Barcelona, Spain.

ABSTRACT

Aims: To evaluate the long-term effects of two school-based prevention programs administered to a universal mixed-sex sample of school-going adolescents on disturbed eating attitudes, aesthetic ideal internalization, and other eating disorder risk factors, when compared to a control group.

Methods: Participants were 200 adolescents aged 12-15 selected by means of incidental sampling from second-year compulsory secondary education at schools. An interactive multimedia media literacy program (ML + NUT, Media Literacy and Nutrition) and a program focused on the same topics using dramatic arts (Theatre Alive) were applied and compared with a control group. Pretest, posttest (1 month later), and 5- and 13-month follow-up measurements were taken. Analyses were conducted with two-way mixed 3 × 3 ANCOVA (group × phase) adjusted by baseline levels, body mass index, and sex.

Results: Participants in both experimental groups showed significantly higher self-esteem scores than the control group over time. The ML + NUT group also presented lower aesthetic ideal internalization scores than the control group.

Discussion: Both programs can benefit students' self-esteem. Moreover, ML + NUT program was useful in reducing thin-ideal internalization. However, differences in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes were not found. The programs may be protective on the core psychological variables, which are essential to adaptive adolescent development.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus