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A study of 63 cases of mouth neoplasms in arecanut growing belt of sullia.

Naik SM, Naik SS - Iran J Cancer Prev (2012)

Bottom Line: Seven cases of lip carcinoma, 30 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 5 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with post operative or palliative radiotherapy.Betel nut chewing with or without tobacco and lime are proven to be carcinogens in human.As betel quid, panmasala and gutkha chewing were proven to be carcinogens, a permanent ban on manufacturing and sale of these products should be implemented.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, KVG Medical College, Sullia, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Betel nut and betel quid chewing are from major etiological factor for oral cancer. They also increase the risk of systemic diseases such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, myocardial infarction, hypertension, and other cardiovascular diseases.

Methods: Sixty three patients of oral cancer in our institution during Jan. 2007 to May 2011 were included in our study. This study included 14 cases of lip carcinoma, 41 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma, 7 cases of tongue carcinoma, and 1 case of carcinoma of upper alveolus. Duration of use of betel quid, pan masala, and gutkha were studied as well as management.

Results: All patients in our study have been chewing betel-quid for 6-31 years (mean19.42 years). All of them quit betel quid and used easily available panmasala and gutkha for 4-13 years (mean 8.28 years). Nine cases of lip carcinoma, 13 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 3 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with surgery. Seven cases of lip carcinoma, 30 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 5 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with post operative or palliative radiotherapy.

Conclusion: Betel nut chewing with or without tobacco and lime are proven to be carcinogens in human. Direct relationship between oral cancer and betel quid, gutkha, and panmasala use has been shown in our study. As betel quid, panmasala and gutkha chewing were proven to be carcinogens, a permanent ban on manufacturing and sale of these products should be implemented.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

T4 carcinoma of the buccal mucosa and tongue
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f6-IJCP-05-039: T4 carcinoma of the buccal mucosa and tongue

Mentions: Out of 41 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma, 4 were in stage 1, 11 in stage 2, 18 in stage 3, and 8 cases in stage 4 (Figure 5). Out of 7 cases of tongue carcinoma, 2 were in stage 1, no cases in stage 2, 2 cases in stage 3, and 3 cases in stage 4 (Figure 6). The case of carcinoma of upper alveolus refused treatment and was lost in follow up (Figure 7).


A study of 63 cases of mouth neoplasms in arecanut growing belt of sullia.

Naik SM, Naik SS - Iran J Cancer Prev (2012)

T4 carcinoma of the buccal mucosa and tongue
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4352525&req=5

f6-IJCP-05-039: T4 carcinoma of the buccal mucosa and tongue
Mentions: Out of 41 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma, 4 were in stage 1, 11 in stage 2, 18 in stage 3, and 8 cases in stage 4 (Figure 5). Out of 7 cases of tongue carcinoma, 2 were in stage 1, no cases in stage 2, 2 cases in stage 3, and 3 cases in stage 4 (Figure 6). The case of carcinoma of upper alveolus refused treatment and was lost in follow up (Figure 7).

Bottom Line: Seven cases of lip carcinoma, 30 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 5 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with post operative or palliative radiotherapy.Betel nut chewing with or without tobacco and lime are proven to be carcinogens in human.As betel quid, panmasala and gutkha chewing were proven to be carcinogens, a permanent ban on manufacturing and sale of these products should be implemented.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, KVG Medical College, Sullia, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Betel nut and betel quid chewing are from major etiological factor for oral cancer. They also increase the risk of systemic diseases such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, myocardial infarction, hypertension, and other cardiovascular diseases.

Methods: Sixty three patients of oral cancer in our institution during Jan. 2007 to May 2011 were included in our study. This study included 14 cases of lip carcinoma, 41 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma, 7 cases of tongue carcinoma, and 1 case of carcinoma of upper alveolus. Duration of use of betel quid, pan masala, and gutkha were studied as well as management.

Results: All patients in our study have been chewing betel-quid for 6-31 years (mean19.42 years). All of them quit betel quid and used easily available panmasala and gutkha for 4-13 years (mean 8.28 years). Nine cases of lip carcinoma, 13 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 3 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with surgery. Seven cases of lip carcinoma, 30 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 5 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with post operative or palliative radiotherapy.

Conclusion: Betel nut chewing with or without tobacco and lime are proven to be carcinogens in human. Direct relationship between oral cancer and betel quid, gutkha, and panmasala use has been shown in our study. As betel quid, panmasala and gutkha chewing were proven to be carcinogens, a permanent ban on manufacturing and sale of these products should be implemented.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus