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A study of 63 cases of mouth neoplasms in arecanut growing belt of sullia.

Naik SM, Naik SS - Iran J Cancer Prev (2012)

Bottom Line: Seven cases of lip carcinoma, 30 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 5 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with post operative or palliative radiotherapy.Betel nut chewing with or without tobacco and lime are proven to be carcinogens in human.As betel quid, panmasala and gutkha chewing were proven to be carcinogens, a permanent ban on manufacturing and sale of these products should be implemented.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, KVG Medical College, Sullia, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Betel nut and betel quid chewing are from major etiological factor for oral cancer. They also increase the risk of systemic diseases such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, myocardial infarction, hypertension, and other cardiovascular diseases.

Methods: Sixty three patients of oral cancer in our institution during Jan. 2007 to May 2011 were included in our study. This study included 14 cases of lip carcinoma, 41 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma, 7 cases of tongue carcinoma, and 1 case of carcinoma of upper alveolus. Duration of use of betel quid, pan masala, and gutkha were studied as well as management.

Results: All patients in our study have been chewing betel-quid for 6-31 years (mean19.42 years). All of them quit betel quid and used easily available panmasala and gutkha for 4-13 years (mean 8.28 years). Nine cases of lip carcinoma, 13 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 3 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with surgery. Seven cases of lip carcinoma, 30 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 5 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with post operative or palliative radiotherapy.

Conclusion: Betel nut chewing with or without tobacco and lime are proven to be carcinogens in human. Direct relationship between oral cancer and betel quid, gutkha, and panmasala use has been shown in our study. As betel quid, panmasala and gutkha chewing were proven to be carcinogens, a permanent ban on manufacturing and sale of these products should be implemented.

No MeSH data available.


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Betel leaves and betel quid (pan) being prepared.
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f2-IJCP-05-039: Betel leaves and betel quid (pan) being prepared.

Mentions: All patients aged 47-73 (mean 61.67) years. The mean age in males was 61.20 years and female median age was 59.92 years. The mean duration of betel chewing in males was 18.56 years and in females was 20 years (Figure 2). All patients in our study changed to chewing packaged panmasala and gutkha which were easily available. The mean duration of panmasala and gutkha chewing in males was 8.66 years and in females was 7.36 years (Figure 3).


A study of 63 cases of mouth neoplasms in arecanut growing belt of sullia.

Naik SM, Naik SS - Iran J Cancer Prev (2012)

Betel leaves and betel quid (pan) being prepared.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4352525&req=5

f2-IJCP-05-039: Betel leaves and betel quid (pan) being prepared.
Mentions: All patients aged 47-73 (mean 61.67) years. The mean age in males was 61.20 years and female median age was 59.92 years. The mean duration of betel chewing in males was 18.56 years and in females was 20 years (Figure 2). All patients in our study changed to chewing packaged panmasala and gutkha which were easily available. The mean duration of panmasala and gutkha chewing in males was 8.66 years and in females was 7.36 years (Figure 3).

Bottom Line: Seven cases of lip carcinoma, 30 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 5 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with post operative or palliative radiotherapy.Betel nut chewing with or without tobacco and lime are proven to be carcinogens in human.As betel quid, panmasala and gutkha chewing were proven to be carcinogens, a permanent ban on manufacturing and sale of these products should be implemented.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, KVG Medical College, Sullia, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Betel nut and betel quid chewing are from major etiological factor for oral cancer. They also increase the risk of systemic diseases such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, myocardial infarction, hypertension, and other cardiovascular diseases.

Methods: Sixty three patients of oral cancer in our institution during Jan. 2007 to May 2011 were included in our study. This study included 14 cases of lip carcinoma, 41 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma, 7 cases of tongue carcinoma, and 1 case of carcinoma of upper alveolus. Duration of use of betel quid, pan masala, and gutkha were studied as well as management.

Results: All patients in our study have been chewing betel-quid for 6-31 years (mean19.42 years). All of them quit betel quid and used easily available panmasala and gutkha for 4-13 years (mean 8.28 years). Nine cases of lip carcinoma, 13 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 3 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with surgery. Seven cases of lip carcinoma, 30 cases of buccal mucosa carcinoma and 5 cases of tongue carcinoma were treated with post operative or palliative radiotherapy.

Conclusion: Betel nut chewing with or without tobacco and lime are proven to be carcinogens in human. Direct relationship between oral cancer and betel quid, gutkha, and panmasala use has been shown in our study. As betel quid, panmasala and gutkha chewing were proven to be carcinogens, a permanent ban on manufacturing and sale of these products should be implemented.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus