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Factors Affecting Definitions of and Approaches to Integrative Medicine: A Mixed Methods Study Examining China's Integrative Medicine Development.

Zhang W, Pritzker SE, Hui KK - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2015)

Bottom Line: Methods.Conclusion.These results carry implications for the ways in which western countries move forward with the definition and implementation of IM.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Center for East-West Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA.

ABSTRACT
Aim. This study identifies existing definitions and approaches among China's integrative medicine (IM) experts and examines relationships with key characteristics distinguishing individual experts. Methods. Snowball sampling was used to select 73 IM experts for semistructured interviews. In this mixed methods study, we first identified definitions and approaches through analyzing core statements. Four key factors, including age, education, practice type, and working environment, were then chosen to evaluate the associations with the definitions. Results. Four unique definitions were identified, including IM as a "new medicine" (D1), as a combination of western medicine (WM) and Chinese medicine (CM) (D2), as a modernization of CM (D3), and as a westernization of CM (D4). D4 was mostly supported by those working in WM organizations, while D3 was more prominent from individuals working in CM organizations (P = 0.00004). More than 64% clinicians had D2 while only 1 (5.9%) nonclinician had D2. Only 1 clinician (1.8%) had D4 while almost 30% nonclinicians had D4 (P = 0.0001). Among nonclinicians working in WM organizations, 83.3% of them had D4 (P = 0.001). Conclusion. Findings indicate that institutional structure and practice type are factors affecting IM approaches. These results carry implications for the ways in which western countries move forward with the definition and implementation of IM.

No MeSH data available.


The definition differences between clinician and nonclinician.  *Clinicians expressed more D2 than nonclinicians significantly; nonclinicians espoused more D4 than clinicians significantly. P = 0.0001.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: The definition differences between clinician and nonclinician.  *Clinicians expressed more D2 than nonclinicians significantly; nonclinicians espoused more D4 than clinicians significantly. P = 0.0001.

Mentions: Figure 1 provides the differences between clinicians and nonclinicians groups. More than 64% of clinicians expressed D2 (pragmatic combination) while only one (5.9%) nonclinician expressed this definition. On the other hand, only one clinician (1.8%) expressed D4 (westernization of CM) while almost 29.4% nonclinicians espoused this definition (P = 0.0001).


Factors Affecting Definitions of and Approaches to Integrative Medicine: A Mixed Methods Study Examining China's Integrative Medicine Development.

Zhang W, Pritzker SE, Hui KK - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2015)

The definition differences between clinician and nonclinician.  *Clinicians expressed more D2 than nonclinicians significantly; nonclinicians espoused more D4 than clinicians significantly. P = 0.0001.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4352459&req=5

fig1: The definition differences between clinician and nonclinician.  *Clinicians expressed more D2 than nonclinicians significantly; nonclinicians espoused more D4 than clinicians significantly. P = 0.0001.
Mentions: Figure 1 provides the differences between clinicians and nonclinicians groups. More than 64% of clinicians expressed D2 (pragmatic combination) while only one (5.9%) nonclinician expressed this definition. On the other hand, only one clinician (1.8%) expressed D4 (westernization of CM) while almost 29.4% nonclinicians espoused this definition (P = 0.0001).

Bottom Line: Methods.Conclusion.These results carry implications for the ways in which western countries move forward with the definition and implementation of IM.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Center for East-West Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA.

ABSTRACT
Aim. This study identifies existing definitions and approaches among China's integrative medicine (IM) experts and examines relationships with key characteristics distinguishing individual experts. Methods. Snowball sampling was used to select 73 IM experts for semistructured interviews. In this mixed methods study, we first identified definitions and approaches through analyzing core statements. Four key factors, including age, education, practice type, and working environment, were then chosen to evaluate the associations with the definitions. Results. Four unique definitions were identified, including IM as a "new medicine" (D1), as a combination of western medicine (WM) and Chinese medicine (CM) (D2), as a modernization of CM (D3), and as a westernization of CM (D4). D4 was mostly supported by those working in WM organizations, while D3 was more prominent from individuals working in CM organizations (P = 0.00004). More than 64% clinicians had D2 while only 1 (5.9%) nonclinician had D2. Only 1 clinician (1.8%) had D4 while almost 30% nonclinicians had D4 (P = 0.0001). Among nonclinicians working in WM organizations, 83.3% of them had D4 (P = 0.001). Conclusion. Findings indicate that institutional structure and practice type are factors affecting IM approaches. These results carry implications for the ways in which western countries move forward with the definition and implementation of IM.

No MeSH data available.