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Bioactivity-guided fractionation of an antidiarrheal Chinese herb Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim reveals (-)-epicatechin-3-gallate and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate as inhibitors of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator.

Chen L, Yu B, Zhang Y, Gao X, Zhu L, Ma T, Yang H - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: However, the active ingredients responsible for their therapeutic effectiveness remain unknown.In an intestinal closed-loop model in mice, intraluminal application of EGCG (10 μg) and ECG (10 μg) significantly reduced cholera toxin-induced intestinal fluid secretion.CFTR Cl- channel is a molecular target of natural compounds EGCG and ECG.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, 116029, P. R. China.

ABSTRACT
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is the principal apical route for transepithelial fluid transport induced by enterotoxin. Inhibition of CFTR has been confirmed as a pharmaceutical approach for the treatment of secretory diarrhea. Many traditional Chinese herbal medicines, like Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim, have long been used for the treatment of secretory diarrhea. However, the active ingredients responsible for their therapeutic effectiveness remain unknown. The purpose of this study is to identify CFTR inhibitors from Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim via bioactivity-directed isolation strategy. We first identified fractions of Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim that inhibited CFTR Cl- channel activity. Further bioactivity-directed fractionation led to the identification of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) as CFTR Cl- channel inhibitor. Analysis of 5 commercially available EGCG analogs including (+)-catechins (C), (-)-epicatechin (EC), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), (-)-epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG) and EGCG revealed that ECG also had CFTR inhibitory activity. EGCG dose-dependently and reversibly inhibited CFTR Cl- channel activity in transfected FRT cells with an IC50 value around 100 μM. In ex vivo studies, EGCG and ECG inhibited CFTR-mediated short-circuit currents in isolated rat colonic mucosa in a dose-dependent manner. In an intestinal closed-loop model in mice, intraluminal application of EGCG (10 μg) and ECG (10 μg) significantly reduced cholera toxin-induced intestinal fluid secretion. CFTR Cl- channel is a molecular target of natural compounds EGCG and ECG. CFTR inhibition may account, at least in part, for the antidiarrheal activity of Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim. EGCG and ECG could be new lead compounds for development of CFTR-related diseases such as secretory diarrhea.

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Inhibition of intestinal fluid secretion by EGCG and ECG.A. Photograph of isolated mouse ileal loops at 6 hours after lumenal injection of saline, 0.5 μg cholera toxin, 0.5 μg cholera toxin plus 10 μg EGCG (or 10 μg ECG, or 2 μg CFTRinh-172). (B) Ratio of loop weight/length (g/cm) at 6 hours before versus after luminal fluid removal (SE; six mice per group;*p < 0.001).
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pone.0119122.g006: Inhibition of intestinal fluid secretion by EGCG and ECG.A. Photograph of isolated mouse ileal loops at 6 hours after lumenal injection of saline, 0.5 μg cholera toxin, 0.5 μg cholera toxin plus 10 μg EGCG (or 10 μg ECG, or 2 μg CFTRinh-172). (B) Ratio of loop weight/length (g/cm) at 6 hours before versus after luminal fluid removal (SE; six mice per group;*p < 0.001).

Mentions: Next, we investigated the in vivo efficacies of EGCG and ECG in inhibiting cholera toxin—induced intestinal fluid secretion in live mice. As shown in the images in Fig. 6A and summarized data in Fig 6B. Massive fluid was accumulated in cholera toxin—treated loops as compared to the saline control group. Intraluminal injection of EGCG (10 μg) and ECG (10 μg) significantly reduced cholera toxin—induced intestinal fluid secretion as quantified from loop weight-to-length ratio, supporting that EGCG and ECG are active antidiarrheal ingredients of Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim through inhibition of CFTR chloride channel.


Bioactivity-guided fractionation of an antidiarrheal Chinese herb Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim reveals (-)-epicatechin-3-gallate and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate as inhibitors of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator.

Chen L, Yu B, Zhang Y, Gao X, Zhu L, Ma T, Yang H - PLoS ONE (2015)

Inhibition of intestinal fluid secretion by EGCG and ECG.A. Photograph of isolated mouse ileal loops at 6 hours after lumenal injection of saline, 0.5 μg cholera toxin, 0.5 μg cholera toxin plus 10 μg EGCG (or 10 μg ECG, or 2 μg CFTRinh-172). (B) Ratio of loop weight/length (g/cm) at 6 hours before versus after luminal fluid removal (SE; six mice per group;*p < 0.001).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4352019&req=5

pone.0119122.g006: Inhibition of intestinal fluid secretion by EGCG and ECG.A. Photograph of isolated mouse ileal loops at 6 hours after lumenal injection of saline, 0.5 μg cholera toxin, 0.5 μg cholera toxin plus 10 μg EGCG (or 10 μg ECG, or 2 μg CFTRinh-172). (B) Ratio of loop weight/length (g/cm) at 6 hours before versus after luminal fluid removal (SE; six mice per group;*p < 0.001).
Mentions: Next, we investigated the in vivo efficacies of EGCG and ECG in inhibiting cholera toxin—induced intestinal fluid secretion in live mice. As shown in the images in Fig. 6A and summarized data in Fig 6B. Massive fluid was accumulated in cholera toxin—treated loops as compared to the saline control group. Intraluminal injection of EGCG (10 μg) and ECG (10 μg) significantly reduced cholera toxin—induced intestinal fluid secretion as quantified from loop weight-to-length ratio, supporting that EGCG and ECG are active antidiarrheal ingredients of Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim through inhibition of CFTR chloride channel.

Bottom Line: However, the active ingredients responsible for their therapeutic effectiveness remain unknown.In an intestinal closed-loop model in mice, intraluminal application of EGCG (10 μg) and ECG (10 μg) significantly reduced cholera toxin-induced intestinal fluid secretion.CFTR Cl- channel is a molecular target of natural compounds EGCG and ECG.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, 116029, P. R. China.

ABSTRACT
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is the principal apical route for transepithelial fluid transport induced by enterotoxin. Inhibition of CFTR has been confirmed as a pharmaceutical approach for the treatment of secretory diarrhea. Many traditional Chinese herbal medicines, like Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim, have long been used for the treatment of secretory diarrhea. However, the active ingredients responsible for their therapeutic effectiveness remain unknown. The purpose of this study is to identify CFTR inhibitors from Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim via bioactivity-directed isolation strategy. We first identified fractions of Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim that inhibited CFTR Cl- channel activity. Further bioactivity-directed fractionation led to the identification of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) as CFTR Cl- channel inhibitor. Analysis of 5 commercially available EGCG analogs including (+)-catechins (C), (-)-epicatechin (EC), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), (-)-epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG) and EGCG revealed that ECG also had CFTR inhibitory activity. EGCG dose-dependently and reversibly inhibited CFTR Cl- channel activity in transfected FRT cells with an IC50 value around 100 μM. In ex vivo studies, EGCG and ECG inhibited CFTR-mediated short-circuit currents in isolated rat colonic mucosa in a dose-dependent manner. In an intestinal closed-loop model in mice, intraluminal application of EGCG (10 μg) and ECG (10 μg) significantly reduced cholera toxin-induced intestinal fluid secretion. CFTR Cl- channel is a molecular target of natural compounds EGCG and ECG. CFTR inhibition may account, at least in part, for the antidiarrheal activity of Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim. EGCG and ECG could be new lead compounds for development of CFTR-related diseases such as secretory diarrhea.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus