Limits...
Ultrasonography of various thyroid diseases in children and adolescents: a pictorial essay.

Hong HS, Lee EH, Jeong SH, Park J, Lee H - Korean J Radiol (2015)

Bottom Line: Thyroid imaging is indicated to evaluate congenital hypothyroidism during newborn screening or in cases of a palpable thyroid mass in children and adolescents.This pictorial essay reviews the ultrasonography (US) of thyroid diseases in children and adolescents, including normal thyroid gland development, imaging features of congenital thyroid disorders (dysgenesis, [aplasia, ectopy, hypoplasia], dyshormonogenesis, transient hypothyroidism, thyroglossal duct cyst), diffuse thyroid disease (Grave's disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and suppurative thyroiditis), and thyroid nodules.Additionally, US can be used to guide aspiration of detected nodules.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon 420-767, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Thyroid imaging is indicated to evaluate congenital hypothyroidism during newborn screening or in cases of a palpable thyroid mass in children and adolescents. This pictorial essay reviews the ultrasonography (US) of thyroid diseases in children and adolescents, including normal thyroid gland development, imaging features of congenital thyroid disorders (dysgenesis, [aplasia, ectopy, hypoplasia], dyshormonogenesis, transient hypothyroidism, thyroglossal duct cyst), diffuse thyroid disease (Grave's disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and suppurative thyroiditis), and thyroid nodules. The primary imaging modalities for evaluating thyroid diseases are US and radionuclide scintigraphy. Additionally, US can be used to guide aspiration of detected nodules.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Grave's disease in 17-year-old female.A. Transverse ultrasonography scan shows marked enlargement of thyroid gland and inhomogeneous decrease in echogenicity. B. Color Doppler image shows 'thyroid inferno' pattern of hypervascularity.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4347278&req=5

Figure 13: Grave's disease in 17-year-old female.A. Transverse ultrasonography scan shows marked enlargement of thyroid gland and inhomogeneous decrease in echogenicity. B. Color Doppler image shows 'thyroid inferno' pattern of hypervascularity.

Mentions: Hyperthyroidism is rare in childhood and is most commonly caused by Graves' disease. It affects 0.02% of children or 1 in 5000 (23). The peak incidence occurs from 11-15 years of age with a female predominance. A positive family history is common (37). Antibodies stimulate TSHR leading to lymphocyte infiltration of the thyroid gland. US reveals diffuse heterogeneous and hypoechoic enlargement of the thyroid (Fig. 13). Color Doppler imaging reveals a hypervascular pattern in the thyroid referred to as a "thyroid inferno".


Ultrasonography of various thyroid diseases in children and adolescents: a pictorial essay.

Hong HS, Lee EH, Jeong SH, Park J, Lee H - Korean J Radiol (2015)

Grave's disease in 17-year-old female.A. Transverse ultrasonography scan shows marked enlargement of thyroid gland and inhomogeneous decrease in echogenicity. B. Color Doppler image shows 'thyroid inferno' pattern of hypervascularity.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4347278&req=5

Figure 13: Grave's disease in 17-year-old female.A. Transverse ultrasonography scan shows marked enlargement of thyroid gland and inhomogeneous decrease in echogenicity. B. Color Doppler image shows 'thyroid inferno' pattern of hypervascularity.
Mentions: Hyperthyroidism is rare in childhood and is most commonly caused by Graves' disease. It affects 0.02% of children or 1 in 5000 (23). The peak incidence occurs from 11-15 years of age with a female predominance. A positive family history is common (37). Antibodies stimulate TSHR leading to lymphocyte infiltration of the thyroid gland. US reveals diffuse heterogeneous and hypoechoic enlargement of the thyroid (Fig. 13). Color Doppler imaging reveals a hypervascular pattern in the thyroid referred to as a "thyroid inferno".

Bottom Line: Thyroid imaging is indicated to evaluate congenital hypothyroidism during newborn screening or in cases of a palpable thyroid mass in children and adolescents.This pictorial essay reviews the ultrasonography (US) of thyroid diseases in children and adolescents, including normal thyroid gland development, imaging features of congenital thyroid disorders (dysgenesis, [aplasia, ectopy, hypoplasia], dyshormonogenesis, transient hypothyroidism, thyroglossal duct cyst), diffuse thyroid disease (Grave's disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and suppurative thyroiditis), and thyroid nodules.Additionally, US can be used to guide aspiration of detected nodules.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon 420-767, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Thyroid imaging is indicated to evaluate congenital hypothyroidism during newborn screening or in cases of a palpable thyroid mass in children and adolescents. This pictorial essay reviews the ultrasonography (US) of thyroid diseases in children and adolescents, including normal thyroid gland development, imaging features of congenital thyroid disorders (dysgenesis, [aplasia, ectopy, hypoplasia], dyshormonogenesis, transient hypothyroidism, thyroglossal duct cyst), diffuse thyroid disease (Grave's disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and suppurative thyroiditis), and thyroid nodules. The primary imaging modalities for evaluating thyroid diseases are US and radionuclide scintigraphy. Additionally, US can be used to guide aspiration of detected nodules.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus