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The prevalence of periodontal disease in a Romano-British population c. 200-400 AD.

Raitapuro-Murray T, Molleson TI, Hughes FJ - Br Dent J (2014)

Bottom Line: The number of affected teeth increased with age.Horizontal bone loss was generally minor.Caries was seen in around 50% of the cohort, and evidence of pulpal and apical pathology was seen in around 25%.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: 1] [2] Barts &The London School of Medicine &Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of moderate to severe periodontitis in an ancient British cohort c. 200-400 AD.

Design: Observational study to assess periodontal and other oral disease parameters.

Setting: Natural History Museum, London.

Subjects and methods: 303 skulls from a Romano-British burial site in Poundbury, Dorset were examined for evidence of dental disease.

Main outcome measures: The primary outcome measure was presence of moderate to severe periodontitis. Secondary outcomes included: amount of horizontal bone loss; prevalence of ante-mortem tooth loss; and presence of other dental pathologies.

Results: The overall prevalence of moderate to severe periodontitis was just greater than 5%. The prevalence rate remained nearly constant between ages 20 to 60, after which it rose to around 10%. The number of affected teeth increased with age. Horizontal bone loss was generally minor. Caries was seen in around 50% of the cohort, and evidence of pulpal and apical pathology was seen in around 25%.

Conclusions: The prevalence of moderate to severe periodontitis was markedly decreased when compared to the prevalence in modern populations, underlining the potential importance of risk factors such as smoking and diabetes in determining susceptibility to progressive periodontitis in modern populations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Examples of periodontitis cases
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f2: Examples of periodontitis cases

Mentions: Most individuals of the Poundbury population appeared substantially periodontally healthy. The alveolar bone in these healthy specimens was solid with an intact cortical plate. A large number of dehiscences were recorded in the specimens. These appeared as subtle thinning of the alveolar bone away from a prominent root surface. Post-mortem fractures of the buccal alveolar bone were seen commonly among the samples. In addition a number of samples showed evidence of caries and some showed evidence of periapical pathology associated with either caries or apparently secondary to pulpal exposure due to toothwear. In addition one sample had evidence of a large cyst or tumour in the region of the lower left third molar. Representative photographs of specimens are showed in Figures 1, 2, 3.


The prevalence of periodontal disease in a Romano-British population c. 200-400 AD.

Raitapuro-Murray T, Molleson TI, Hughes FJ - Br Dent J (2014)

Examples of periodontitis cases
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4340975&req=5

f2: Examples of periodontitis cases
Mentions: Most individuals of the Poundbury population appeared substantially periodontally healthy. The alveolar bone in these healthy specimens was solid with an intact cortical plate. A large number of dehiscences were recorded in the specimens. These appeared as subtle thinning of the alveolar bone away from a prominent root surface. Post-mortem fractures of the buccal alveolar bone were seen commonly among the samples. In addition a number of samples showed evidence of caries and some showed evidence of periapical pathology associated with either caries or apparently secondary to pulpal exposure due to toothwear. In addition one sample had evidence of a large cyst or tumour in the region of the lower left third molar. Representative photographs of specimens are showed in Figures 1, 2, 3.

Bottom Line: The number of affected teeth increased with age.Horizontal bone loss was generally minor.Caries was seen in around 50% of the cohort, and evidence of pulpal and apical pathology was seen in around 25%.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: 1] [2] Barts &The London School of Medicine &Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of moderate to severe periodontitis in an ancient British cohort c. 200-400 AD.

Design: Observational study to assess periodontal and other oral disease parameters.

Setting: Natural History Museum, London.

Subjects and methods: 303 skulls from a Romano-British burial site in Poundbury, Dorset were examined for evidence of dental disease.

Main outcome measures: The primary outcome measure was presence of moderate to severe periodontitis. Secondary outcomes included: amount of horizontal bone loss; prevalence of ante-mortem tooth loss; and presence of other dental pathologies.

Results: The overall prevalence of moderate to severe periodontitis was just greater than 5%. The prevalence rate remained nearly constant between ages 20 to 60, after which it rose to around 10%. The number of affected teeth increased with age. Horizontal bone loss was generally minor. Caries was seen in around 50% of the cohort, and evidence of pulpal and apical pathology was seen in around 25%.

Conclusions: The prevalence of moderate to severe periodontitis was markedly decreased when compared to the prevalence in modern populations, underlining the potential importance of risk factors such as smoking and diabetes in determining susceptibility to progressive periodontitis in modern populations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus