Limits...
First 'Rauisuchian' archosaur (Pseudosuchia, Loricata) for the Middle Triassic Santacruzodon assemblage zone (Santa Maria Supersequence), Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil.

Lacerda MB, Schultz CL, Bertoni-Machado C - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: In Brazil, their fossils are found only in the Santa Maria Formation (Paraná Basin) of the Rio Grande do Sul State, specifically in the Middle Triassic Dinodontosaurus assemblage zone (AZ) and the Late Triassic Hyperodapedon AZ (Rauisuchus tiradentes).Between these two cenozones is the Santacruzodon AZ (Middle Triassic), whose record was, until now, restricted to non-mammalian cynodonts and the proterochampsian Chanaresuchus bonapartei.Here we present the first occurrence of a rauisuchian archosaur for this cenozone, from the Schoenstatt outcrop, located near the city of Santa Cruz do Sul and propose a new species, based on biostratigraphical evidence and a comparative osteological analysis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Instituto de Geociências, Laboratório de Paleovertebrados, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
The 'Rauisuchia' are a group of Triassic pseudosuchian archosaurs that displayed a near worldwide distribution. In Brazil, their fossils are found only in the Santa Maria Formation (Paraná Basin) of the Rio Grande do Sul State, specifically in the Middle Triassic Dinodontosaurus assemblage zone (AZ) and the Late Triassic Hyperodapedon AZ (Rauisuchus tiradentes). Between these two cenozones is the Santacruzodon AZ (Middle Triassic), whose record was, until now, restricted to non-mammalian cynodonts and the proterochampsian Chanaresuchus bonapartei. Here we present the first occurrence of a rauisuchian archosaur for this cenozone, from the Schoenstatt outcrop, located near the city of Santa Cruz do Sul and propose a new species, based on biostratigraphical evidence and a comparative osteological analysis.

Show MeSH
Stratigraphical profile of the upper portion of the Schoenstatt Outcrop (Modified from [31]).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4340915&req=5

pone.0118563.g002: Stratigraphical profile of the upper portion of the Schoenstatt Outcrop (Modified from [31]).

Mentions: The material here described came from the Schoenstatt site that is located on the outskirts of Santa Cruz do Sul city, (UTM SAD 69-22J-359794°E, 6709033°N) approximately 150km from the capital of Rio Grande do Sul State, Porto Alegre. It is a landfill that is exposed at the west margin of the RS-287 highway in the subdivision of Faxinal Velho, close to the Schoenstatt sanctuary [30]. The geological profile of the site shows an association of channel facies and floodplains (Fig. 2). The fossils occur in a level of massive red mudstones approximately 5 m thick that displays accumulations of disarticulated skeletal elements, with a predominance of skull and jaw elements, interpreted as a biogenic concentration formed by the accumulation of discarded remains by selective predators and carrion eaters [31].


First 'Rauisuchian' archosaur (Pseudosuchia, Loricata) for the Middle Triassic Santacruzodon assemblage zone (Santa Maria Supersequence), Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil.

Lacerda MB, Schultz CL, Bertoni-Machado C - PLoS ONE (2015)

Stratigraphical profile of the upper portion of the Schoenstatt Outcrop (Modified from [31]).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4340915&req=5

pone.0118563.g002: Stratigraphical profile of the upper portion of the Schoenstatt Outcrop (Modified from [31]).
Mentions: The material here described came from the Schoenstatt site that is located on the outskirts of Santa Cruz do Sul city, (UTM SAD 69-22J-359794°E, 6709033°N) approximately 150km from the capital of Rio Grande do Sul State, Porto Alegre. It is a landfill that is exposed at the west margin of the RS-287 highway in the subdivision of Faxinal Velho, close to the Schoenstatt sanctuary [30]. The geological profile of the site shows an association of channel facies and floodplains (Fig. 2). The fossils occur in a level of massive red mudstones approximately 5 m thick that displays accumulations of disarticulated skeletal elements, with a predominance of skull and jaw elements, interpreted as a biogenic concentration formed by the accumulation of discarded remains by selective predators and carrion eaters [31].

Bottom Line: In Brazil, their fossils are found only in the Santa Maria Formation (Paraná Basin) of the Rio Grande do Sul State, specifically in the Middle Triassic Dinodontosaurus assemblage zone (AZ) and the Late Triassic Hyperodapedon AZ (Rauisuchus tiradentes).Between these two cenozones is the Santacruzodon AZ (Middle Triassic), whose record was, until now, restricted to non-mammalian cynodonts and the proterochampsian Chanaresuchus bonapartei.Here we present the first occurrence of a rauisuchian archosaur for this cenozone, from the Schoenstatt outcrop, located near the city of Santa Cruz do Sul and propose a new species, based on biostratigraphical evidence and a comparative osteological analysis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Instituto de Geociências, Laboratório de Paleovertebrados, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
The 'Rauisuchia' are a group of Triassic pseudosuchian archosaurs that displayed a near worldwide distribution. In Brazil, their fossils are found only in the Santa Maria Formation (Paraná Basin) of the Rio Grande do Sul State, specifically in the Middle Triassic Dinodontosaurus assemblage zone (AZ) and the Late Triassic Hyperodapedon AZ (Rauisuchus tiradentes). Between these two cenozones is the Santacruzodon AZ (Middle Triassic), whose record was, until now, restricted to non-mammalian cynodonts and the proterochampsian Chanaresuchus bonapartei. Here we present the first occurrence of a rauisuchian archosaur for this cenozone, from the Schoenstatt outcrop, located near the city of Santa Cruz do Sul and propose a new species, based on biostratigraphical evidence and a comparative osteological analysis.

Show MeSH