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Associations between gender, coping patterns and functioning for individuals with chronic pain: a systematic review.

El-Shormilisy N, Strong J, Meredith PJ - Pain Res Manag (2014)

Bottom Line: Only seven studies met the inclusion criteria - six of high quality and one of moderate quality.The presented findings suggest that women in pain are more likely to use coping strategies considered to be maladaptive, resulting in poorer functioning, while men tend to engage in coping strategies considered to be adaptive, leading to better functional outcomes.While there is some evidence supporting gender-specific engagement in coping and associated functioning, future research is necessary to expand understanding of these interrelations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: Developing strategies for coping with chronic pain is an integral part of successfully living with this often debilitating health condition. While gender differences in pain coping strategies have long been investigated, the relationship between gender-specific engagement in coping and associated functioning in individuals experiencing chronic pain is yet to be clearly understood.

Objective: The present systematic review focused on studies that address these relationships to critically evaluate the available evidence.

Methods: A systematic search was conducted using MEDLINE via Ovid, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL, with 7247 titles retrieved. To be included, studies had to be in English, focus on adult participants, consider chronic nonmalignant pain, use measures of coping and functioning (or disability), report on gender-specific outcomes (for coping and functioning [or disability]), and investigate a relationship among gender, coping and functioning. One researcher screened abstracts and full-text articles, and extracted and tabulated data, while two researchers independently assessed potential articles for eligibility and methodological quality.

Results: Only seven studies met the inclusion criteria - six of high quality and one of moderate quality. The presented findings suggest that women in pain are more likely to use coping strategies considered to be maladaptive, resulting in poorer functioning, while men tend to engage in coping strategies considered to be adaptive, leading to better functional outcomes.

Conclusions: While there is some evidence supporting gender-specific engagement in coping and associated functioning, future research is necessary to expand understanding of these interrelations.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

The process of study inclusion
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4325891&req=5

f1-prm-20-48: The process of study inclusion

Mentions: The process of study inclusion is presented in the flow diagram in Figure 1. A total of 7245 studies were identified through database searches and two additional studies were retrieved by the screening of bibliographies of relevant articles. All were published documents. After the removal of 751 duplicates, the remaining 6496 articles were subject to further examination. Screening of the abstracts resulted in 6079 studies being excluded because of ineligibility for this systematic review. The full texts of the remaining 417 articles were analyzed in detail. This resulted in further exclusions, as detailed in Figure 1. The remaining seven studies met all of the inclusion criteria and were included in the present systematic review.


Associations between gender, coping patterns and functioning for individuals with chronic pain: a systematic review.

El-Shormilisy N, Strong J, Meredith PJ - Pain Res Manag (2014)

The process of study inclusion
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4325891&req=5

f1-prm-20-48: The process of study inclusion
Mentions: The process of study inclusion is presented in the flow diagram in Figure 1. A total of 7245 studies were identified through database searches and two additional studies were retrieved by the screening of bibliographies of relevant articles. All were published documents. After the removal of 751 duplicates, the remaining 6496 articles were subject to further examination. Screening of the abstracts resulted in 6079 studies being excluded because of ineligibility for this systematic review. The full texts of the remaining 417 articles were analyzed in detail. This resulted in further exclusions, as detailed in Figure 1. The remaining seven studies met all of the inclusion criteria and were included in the present systematic review.

Bottom Line: Only seven studies met the inclusion criteria - six of high quality and one of moderate quality.The presented findings suggest that women in pain are more likely to use coping strategies considered to be maladaptive, resulting in poorer functioning, while men tend to engage in coping strategies considered to be adaptive, leading to better functional outcomes.While there is some evidence supporting gender-specific engagement in coping and associated functioning, future research is necessary to expand understanding of these interrelations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: Developing strategies for coping with chronic pain is an integral part of successfully living with this often debilitating health condition. While gender differences in pain coping strategies have long been investigated, the relationship between gender-specific engagement in coping and associated functioning in individuals experiencing chronic pain is yet to be clearly understood.

Objective: The present systematic review focused on studies that address these relationships to critically evaluate the available evidence.

Methods: A systematic search was conducted using MEDLINE via Ovid, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL, with 7247 titles retrieved. To be included, studies had to be in English, focus on adult participants, consider chronic nonmalignant pain, use measures of coping and functioning (or disability), report on gender-specific outcomes (for coping and functioning [or disability]), and investigate a relationship among gender, coping and functioning. One researcher screened abstracts and full-text articles, and extracted and tabulated data, while two researchers independently assessed potential articles for eligibility and methodological quality.

Results: Only seven studies met the inclusion criteria - six of high quality and one of moderate quality. The presented findings suggest that women in pain are more likely to use coping strategies considered to be maladaptive, resulting in poorer functioning, while men tend to engage in coping strategies considered to be adaptive, leading to better functional outcomes.

Conclusions: While there is some evidence supporting gender-specific engagement in coping and associated functioning, future research is necessary to expand understanding of these interrelations.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus