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Reemerging Ebola haemorrhagic fever 2014 and the risks of its introduction into Brazil.

Rodrigues Coura J, Momen H - Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz (2014)

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The Ebola virus was identified in 1976 during epidemics of haemorrhagic fever in southern organs and other fluids from infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit-eating bats, monkeys, wild antelopes and wild pigs that are found sick or dead in the rainforests... infected when they are treating patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus infection, Samples of material from patients are extremely infectious and the laboratory tests have to be performed under the highest safety conditions, both for the recommendations to all Brazilian state health departments for preparations for medical care in suspected or confirmed cases of this disease... state health departments, regarding surveillance and medical care for patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus infection, (ii) help in setting up and training for diagnostic and medical care centres for this disease, within state health departments and (ii) maintain surveillance at the diagnostic and medical care centres of state health departments through retraining their teams, when necessary.

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Geographical distribution of probable and confirmed cases in the past 21 daysand total cases in Guinea, Liberia, Mali and Sierra Leone. Source: World HealthOrganization 2014 (dated 21 November). Ebola Response Roadmap SituationReport Update.
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f01: Geographical distribution of probable and confirmed cases in the past 21 daysand total cases in Guinea, Liberia, Mali and Sierra Leone. Source: World HealthOrganization 2014 (dated 21 November). Ebola Response Roadmap SituationReport Update.

Mentions: Filoviral diseases are caused by viruses of the family Filoviridae, which is composed bythe Marburg, Cueva and Ebola viruses. Filoviruses are particles formed by long filamentsthat contain a single strand of RNA and they cause haemorrhagic fever in humans andnon-human primates (monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees). Given the lethal nature of theseviruses, they are considered to be class IV pathogens, i.e., highly dangerous. Fivesubtypes of the Ebola virus have been identified: Zaire Ebola virus, Reston Ebola virus,Sudan Ebola virus, Tai Forest Ebola virus and Bundibugyo Ebola virus (Figure). The Zaire, Sudan and Bundibugyo subtypes have been responsiblefor major outbreaks of the disease. On the other hand, although the Reston and Tai Forestsubtypes may affect human beings, no cases of fever and death among humans have beennotified.


Reemerging Ebola haemorrhagic fever 2014 and the risks of its introduction into Brazil.

Rodrigues Coura J, Momen H - Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz (2014)

Geographical distribution of probable and confirmed cases in the past 21 daysand total cases in Guinea, Liberia, Mali and Sierra Leone. Source: World HealthOrganization 2014 (dated 21 November). Ebola Response Roadmap SituationReport Update.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4325613&req=5

f01: Geographical distribution of probable and confirmed cases in the past 21 daysand total cases in Guinea, Liberia, Mali and Sierra Leone. Source: World HealthOrganization 2014 (dated 21 November). Ebola Response Roadmap SituationReport Update.
Mentions: Filoviral diseases are caused by viruses of the family Filoviridae, which is composed bythe Marburg, Cueva and Ebola viruses. Filoviruses are particles formed by long filamentsthat contain a single strand of RNA and they cause haemorrhagic fever in humans andnon-human primates (monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees). Given the lethal nature of theseviruses, they are considered to be class IV pathogens, i.e., highly dangerous. Fivesubtypes of the Ebola virus have been identified: Zaire Ebola virus, Reston Ebola virus,Sudan Ebola virus, Tai Forest Ebola virus and Bundibugyo Ebola virus (Figure). The Zaire, Sudan and Bundibugyo subtypes have been responsiblefor major outbreaks of the disease. On the other hand, although the Reston and Tai Forestsubtypes may affect human beings, no cases of fever and death among humans have beennotified.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

The Ebola virus was identified in 1976 during epidemics of haemorrhagic fever in southern organs and other fluids from infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit-eating bats, monkeys, wild antelopes and wild pigs that are found sick or dead in the rainforests... infected when they are treating patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus infection, Samples of material from patients are extremely infectious and the laboratory tests have to be performed under the highest safety conditions, both for the recommendations to all Brazilian state health departments for preparations for medical care in suspected or confirmed cases of this disease... state health departments, regarding surveillance and medical care for patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus infection, (ii) help in setting up and training for diagnostic and medical care centres for this disease, within state health departments and (ii) maintain surveillance at the diagnostic and medical care centres of state health departments through retraining their teams, when necessary.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus