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Bat-borne rabies in Latin America.

Escobar LE, Peterson AT, Favi M, Yung V, Medina-Vogel G - Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo (2015 Jan-Feb)

Bottom Line: Here, bat species known to be rabies-positive with different antigenic variants, are summarized in relation to bat conservation status across Latin America.Research at coarse spatial scales must strive to understand rabies ecology; basic information on distribution and population dynamics of many Latin American and Caribbean bat species is needed; and detailed information on effects of landscape change in driving bat-borne rabies outbreaks remains unassessed.Finally, integrated approaches including public health, ecology, and conservation biology are needed to understand and prevent emergent diseases in bats.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Facultad de Ecología y Recursos Naturales, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago Centro, Chile.

ABSTRACT
The situation of rabies in America is complex: rabies in dogs has decreased dramatically, but bats are increasingly recognized as natural reservoirs of other rabies variants. Here, bat species known to be rabies-positive with different antigenic variants, are summarized in relation to bat conservation status across Latin America. Rabies virus is widespread in Latin American bat species, 22.5%75 of bat species have been confirmed as rabies-positive. Most bat species found rabies positive are classified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as "Least Concern". According to diet type, insectivorous bats had the most species known as rabies reservoirs, while in proportion hematophagous bats were the most important. Research at coarse spatial scales must strive to understand rabies ecology; basic information on distribution and population dynamics of many Latin American and Caribbean bat species is needed; and detailed information on effects of landscape change in driving bat-borne rabies outbreaks remains unassessed. Finally, integrated approaches including public health, ecology, and conservation biology are needed to understand and prevent emergent diseases in bats.

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Conservation status for all bat species and rabies positive bat species inLatin America and the Caribbean. CR: Critically Endangered, EN: Endangered, VU:Vulnerable, NT: Near Threatened, LC: Least Concern, DD: Data Deficient.
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f04: Conservation status for all bat species and rabies positive bat species inLatin America and the Caribbean. CR: Critically Endangered, EN: Endangered, VU:Vulnerable, NT: Near Threatened, LC: Least Concern, DD: Data Deficient.

Mentions: Conservation of bats in Latin America: Only one species from the rabies-positive group had increasing populations(Eptesicus fuscus); most (90%) rabies-positive species areconsidered as Least Concern (Fig. 4). Indeed,rabies-positive species are more likely to be classed as Least Concern when comparedwith species where rabies virus has not been detected (X2 = 41.13, p < 0.001). Bat species rabies-positive in LatinAmerican and the Caribbean include one endangered species (Leptonycterisnivalis), and three species (L. yerbabuenae, Eumopsperotis, Mormoops megalophylla) that have decreasing populations36. According to IUCN (2012), information was insufficient to classify theconservation threat status for 44 (13%) bat species reported in Latin America.


Bat-borne rabies in Latin America.

Escobar LE, Peterson AT, Favi M, Yung V, Medina-Vogel G - Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo (2015 Jan-Feb)

Conservation status for all bat species and rabies positive bat species inLatin America and the Caribbean. CR: Critically Endangered, EN: Endangered, VU:Vulnerable, NT: Near Threatened, LC: Least Concern, DD: Data Deficient.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4325525&req=5

f04: Conservation status for all bat species and rabies positive bat species inLatin America and the Caribbean. CR: Critically Endangered, EN: Endangered, VU:Vulnerable, NT: Near Threatened, LC: Least Concern, DD: Data Deficient.
Mentions: Conservation of bats in Latin America: Only one species from the rabies-positive group had increasing populations(Eptesicus fuscus); most (90%) rabies-positive species areconsidered as Least Concern (Fig. 4). Indeed,rabies-positive species are more likely to be classed as Least Concern when comparedwith species where rabies virus has not been detected (X2 = 41.13, p < 0.001). Bat species rabies-positive in LatinAmerican and the Caribbean include one endangered species (Leptonycterisnivalis), and three species (L. yerbabuenae, Eumopsperotis, Mormoops megalophylla) that have decreasing populations36. According to IUCN (2012), information was insufficient to classify theconservation threat status for 44 (13%) bat species reported in Latin America.

Bottom Line: Here, bat species known to be rabies-positive with different antigenic variants, are summarized in relation to bat conservation status across Latin America.Research at coarse spatial scales must strive to understand rabies ecology; basic information on distribution and population dynamics of many Latin American and Caribbean bat species is needed; and detailed information on effects of landscape change in driving bat-borne rabies outbreaks remains unassessed.Finally, integrated approaches including public health, ecology, and conservation biology are needed to understand and prevent emergent diseases in bats.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Facultad de Ecología y Recursos Naturales, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago Centro, Chile.

ABSTRACT
The situation of rabies in America is complex: rabies in dogs has decreased dramatically, but bats are increasingly recognized as natural reservoirs of other rabies variants. Here, bat species known to be rabies-positive with different antigenic variants, are summarized in relation to bat conservation status across Latin America. Rabies virus is widespread in Latin American bat species, 22.5%75 of bat species have been confirmed as rabies-positive. Most bat species found rabies positive are classified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as "Least Concern". According to diet type, insectivorous bats had the most species known as rabies reservoirs, while in proportion hematophagous bats were the most important. Research at coarse spatial scales must strive to understand rabies ecology; basic information on distribution and population dynamics of many Latin American and Caribbean bat species is needed; and detailed information on effects of landscape change in driving bat-borne rabies outbreaks remains unassessed. Finally, integrated approaches including public health, ecology, and conservation biology are needed to understand and prevent emergent diseases in bats.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus