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Bat-borne rabies in Latin America.

Escobar LE, Peterson AT, Favi M, Yung V, Medina-Vogel G - Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo (2015 Jan-Feb)

Bottom Line: Here, bat species known to be rabies-positive with different antigenic variants, are summarized in relation to bat conservation status across Latin America.Research at coarse spatial scales must strive to understand rabies ecology; basic information on distribution and population dynamics of many Latin American and Caribbean bat species is needed; and detailed information on effects of landscape change in driving bat-borne rabies outbreaks remains unassessed.Finally, integrated approaches including public health, ecology, and conservation biology are needed to understand and prevent emergent diseases in bats.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Facultad de Ecología y Recursos Naturales, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago Centro, Chile.

ABSTRACT
The situation of rabies in America is complex: rabies in dogs has decreased dramatically, but bats are increasingly recognized as natural reservoirs of other rabies variants. Here, bat species known to be rabies-positive with different antigenic variants, are summarized in relation to bat conservation status across Latin America. Rabies virus is widespread in Latin American bat species, 22.5%75 of bat species have been confirmed as rabies-positive. Most bat species found rabies positive are classified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as "Least Concern". According to diet type, insectivorous bats had the most species known as rabies reservoirs, while in proportion hematophagous bats were the most important. Research at coarse spatial scales must strive to understand rabies ecology; basic information on distribution and population dynamics of many Latin American and Caribbean bat species is needed; and detailed information on effects of landscape change in driving bat-borne rabies outbreaks remains unassessed. Finally, integrated approaches including public health, ecology, and conservation biology are needed to understand and prevent emergent diseases in bats.

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Bat richness showing the number of bat species (rabies positive or not)present in Latin America (colored shading) and number of antigenic variants ofbat rabies reported (gray bars).
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f02: Bat richness showing the number of bat species (rabies positive or not)present in Latin America (colored shading) and number of antigenic variants ofbat rabies reported (gray bars).

Mentions: Bat species richness patterns: In all, 333 bat species were documented from 24 Latin American and Caribbean countries36. The countries with the highest species richness were Colombia (172 species),Brazil (155 species), and Venezuela (152 species; Fig.2). Fifty-two species were endemic to single countries: Mexico had 17, andBrazil and Peru had nine each. None of these single-country endemic species werereported as rabies-positive. The number of species by family was Phyllostomidae (168species), Vespertilionidae (82 species), Molossidae (38 species), Emballonuridae (21species), Mormoopidae (nine species), Natalidae (seven species), Thyropteridae (fourspecies), and Noctilionidae and Furipteridae (two species each).


Bat-borne rabies in Latin America.

Escobar LE, Peterson AT, Favi M, Yung V, Medina-Vogel G - Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo (2015 Jan-Feb)

Bat richness showing the number of bat species (rabies positive or not)present in Latin America (colored shading) and number of antigenic variants ofbat rabies reported (gray bars).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4325525&req=5

f02: Bat richness showing the number of bat species (rabies positive or not)present in Latin America (colored shading) and number of antigenic variants ofbat rabies reported (gray bars).
Mentions: Bat species richness patterns: In all, 333 bat species were documented from 24 Latin American and Caribbean countries36. The countries with the highest species richness were Colombia (172 species),Brazil (155 species), and Venezuela (152 species; Fig.2). Fifty-two species were endemic to single countries: Mexico had 17, andBrazil and Peru had nine each. None of these single-country endemic species werereported as rabies-positive. The number of species by family was Phyllostomidae (168species), Vespertilionidae (82 species), Molossidae (38 species), Emballonuridae (21species), Mormoopidae (nine species), Natalidae (seven species), Thyropteridae (fourspecies), and Noctilionidae and Furipteridae (two species each).

Bottom Line: Here, bat species known to be rabies-positive with different antigenic variants, are summarized in relation to bat conservation status across Latin America.Research at coarse spatial scales must strive to understand rabies ecology; basic information on distribution and population dynamics of many Latin American and Caribbean bat species is needed; and detailed information on effects of landscape change in driving bat-borne rabies outbreaks remains unassessed.Finally, integrated approaches including public health, ecology, and conservation biology are needed to understand and prevent emergent diseases in bats.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Facultad de Ecología y Recursos Naturales, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago Centro, Chile.

ABSTRACT
The situation of rabies in America is complex: rabies in dogs has decreased dramatically, but bats are increasingly recognized as natural reservoirs of other rabies variants. Here, bat species known to be rabies-positive with different antigenic variants, are summarized in relation to bat conservation status across Latin America. Rabies virus is widespread in Latin American bat species, 22.5%75 of bat species have been confirmed as rabies-positive. Most bat species found rabies positive are classified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as "Least Concern". According to diet type, insectivorous bats had the most species known as rabies reservoirs, while in proportion hematophagous bats were the most important. Research at coarse spatial scales must strive to understand rabies ecology; basic information on distribution and population dynamics of many Latin American and Caribbean bat species is needed; and detailed information on effects of landscape change in driving bat-borne rabies outbreaks remains unassessed. Finally, integrated approaches including public health, ecology, and conservation biology are needed to understand and prevent emergent diseases in bats.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus