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Comparing the effects of the second-and third-generation oral contraceptives on sexual functioning.

Shahnazi M, Bayatipayan S, Khalili AF, Kochaksaraei FR, Jafarabadi MA, Banoi KG, Nahaee J - Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res (2015 Jan-Feb)

Bottom Line: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of the second- and third-generation oral contraceptives on women's reproductive sexual function.The increase in sexual function that resulted from using the third-generation pills was significantly higher than that resulted on using the second-generation pills.According to the results of this study, sexual functioning decreased in the second month of using the second-generation pills and sexual performance was significantly more on using the third-generation pills compared to second-generation pills.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of the second- and third-generation oral contraceptives on women's reproductive sexual function.

Materials and methods: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted on 82 married women of reproductive age in Tehran. Samples were randomized into the groups receiving second- and third-generation oral contraceptive pills. Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) tool was used before the intervention and 2 and 4 months after the intervention. Data analysis was carried out using analysis of variance (ANOVA) within repeated measures and P < 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the positive and negative moods between the experimental and control groups before the intervention in the second and fourth months. The second-generation pills caused a decrease in sexual function in the second month and an increase in sexual function in the fourth month, but the third-generation pills led to an increase in sexual function in the second and fourth months. The increase in sexual function that resulted from using the third-generation pills was significantly higher than that resulted on using the second-generation pills.

Conclusions: According to the results of this study, sexual functioning decreased in the second month of using the second-generation pills and sexual performance was significantly more on using the third-generation pills compared to second-generation pills. The most common type of oral contraceptive used in Iran is the second-generation oral contraceptive LD™ (low-dose estrogen), which is freely distributed in health centers. Therefore, it is necessary for women who wish to use these contraceptive methods to be educated and consulted before they start using them. The third-generation contraceptive pills can be recommended to women who wish to use oral contraceptives.

No MeSH data available.


Diagram of the conducted research
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Figure 1: Diagram of the conducted research

Mentions: In this study, 102 women in their reproductive age who wished to participate in the study were selected. Twenty women were excluded from the study as they did not meet the inclusion criteria. Therefore, the study was conducted on 82 women in their reproductive age, in two groups of 41 each, with one group receiving second-generation oral contraceptives (LD) and the other group receiving third-generation oral contraceptives (Desoceptive). Data collection lasted for 6 months. There was no sample loss during the study and all the participants remained in the study until the end [Figure 1]. The two groups were similar in age and demographic characteristics. Mean age of the patients receiving LD was 29 years and of those receiving Desoceptive was 28 years. Majority (34.1%) of the patients in both groups were secondary school graduates. Majority of the patients in the group receiving second-generation pills were housewives (34.1%) and in the group receiving third-generation pills worked at home (34.1%). Other personal and social characteristics are shown in Table 1.


Comparing the effects of the second-and third-generation oral contraceptives on sexual functioning.

Shahnazi M, Bayatipayan S, Khalili AF, Kochaksaraei FR, Jafarabadi MA, Banoi KG, Nahaee J - Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res (2015 Jan-Feb)

Diagram of the conducted research
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4325413&req=5

Figure 1: Diagram of the conducted research
Mentions: In this study, 102 women in their reproductive age who wished to participate in the study were selected. Twenty women were excluded from the study as they did not meet the inclusion criteria. Therefore, the study was conducted on 82 women in their reproductive age, in two groups of 41 each, with one group receiving second-generation oral contraceptives (LD) and the other group receiving third-generation oral contraceptives (Desoceptive). Data collection lasted for 6 months. There was no sample loss during the study and all the participants remained in the study until the end [Figure 1]. The two groups were similar in age and demographic characteristics. Mean age of the patients receiving LD was 29 years and of those receiving Desoceptive was 28 years. Majority (34.1%) of the patients in both groups were secondary school graduates. Majority of the patients in the group receiving second-generation pills were housewives (34.1%) and in the group receiving third-generation pills worked at home (34.1%). Other personal and social characteristics are shown in Table 1.

Bottom Line: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of the second- and third-generation oral contraceptives on women's reproductive sexual function.The increase in sexual function that resulted from using the third-generation pills was significantly higher than that resulted on using the second-generation pills.According to the results of this study, sexual functioning decreased in the second month of using the second-generation pills and sexual performance was significantly more on using the third-generation pills compared to second-generation pills.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of the second- and third-generation oral contraceptives on women's reproductive sexual function.

Materials and methods: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted on 82 married women of reproductive age in Tehran. Samples were randomized into the groups receiving second- and third-generation oral contraceptive pills. Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) tool was used before the intervention and 2 and 4 months after the intervention. Data analysis was carried out using analysis of variance (ANOVA) within repeated measures and P < 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the positive and negative moods between the experimental and control groups before the intervention in the second and fourth months. The second-generation pills caused a decrease in sexual function in the second month and an increase in sexual function in the fourth month, but the third-generation pills led to an increase in sexual function in the second and fourth months. The increase in sexual function that resulted from using the third-generation pills was significantly higher than that resulted on using the second-generation pills.

Conclusions: According to the results of this study, sexual functioning decreased in the second month of using the second-generation pills and sexual performance was significantly more on using the third-generation pills compared to second-generation pills. The most common type of oral contraceptive used in Iran is the second-generation oral contraceptive LD™ (low-dose estrogen), which is freely distributed in health centers. Therefore, it is necessary for women who wish to use these contraceptive methods to be educated and consulted before they start using them. The third-generation contraceptive pills can be recommended to women who wish to use oral contraceptives.

No MeSH data available.