Limits...
Relationship between mental workload and musculoskeletal disorders among Alzahra Hospital nurses.

Habibi E, Taheri MR, Hasanzadeh A - Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res (2015 Jan-Feb)

Bottom Line: Pearson and Spearman correlation tests showed a significant association between the nurses' MSDs and the dimensions of workload frustration, total workload, temporal demand, effort, and physical demand (r = 0.304, 0.277, 0.277, 0.216, and 0.211, respectively).However, there was no significant association between the nurses' MSDs and the dimensions of workload performance and mental demand (P > 0.05).Thus, reduction of stress in nursing workplace should be one of the main priorities of hospital managers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Professor, Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a serious problem among the nursing staff. Mental workload is the major cause of MSDs among nursing staff. The aim of this study was to investigate the mental workload dimensions and their association with MSDs among nurses of Alzahra Hospital, affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences.

Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 247 randomly selected nurses who worked in the Alzahra Hospital in Isfahan, Iran in the summer of 2013. The Persian version of National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) (measuring mental load) specialized questionnaire and Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire (CMDQ) was used for data collection. Data were collected and analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and Spearman correlation coefficient tests in SPSS 20.

Results: Pearson and Spearman correlation tests showed a significant association between the nurses' MSDs and the dimensions of workload frustration, total workload, temporal demand, effort, and physical demand (r = 0.304, 0.277, 0.277, 0.216, and 0.211, respectively). However, there was no significant association between the nurses' MSDs and the dimensions of workload performance and mental demand (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: The nurses' frustration had a direct correlation with MSDs. This shows that stress is an inseparable component in hospital workplace. Thus, reduction of stress in nursing workplace should be one of the main priorities of hospital managers.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Cornell musculoskeletal discomfort questionnaire
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4325400&req=5

Figure 1: Cornell musculoskeletal discomfort questionnaire

Mentions: CMDQ was used to investigate the prevalence of MSDs. This questionnaire is a data collecting tool for musculoskeletal discomfort data, which was designed by professor Alen Hedge et al. in 1999. This questionnaire has been designed in three stages of discomfort frequency, discomfort severity, and the effect on capacity for work in the latest working week. It has the map of body and 12 parts, which totally analyzes 20 sections of the body. Mean discomfort frequency for 12 body parts is calculated as the score of MSDs [Figure 1]. This questionnaire is used in the USA and other countries as a valuable tool to investigate the level of musculoskeletal discomfort. Its validity and reliability were estimated by Cronbach alpha = 0.986.[23] To investigate some of the demographic characteristics of the subjects, age, sex, height, weight, wo rk experience, related ward, working shift, and body mass index (BMI) were added to this tool. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS 20. To calculate and define the condition of investigated indexes, descriptive statistical tests and tables were used. To investigate the association between mental workload and musculoskeletal discomfort severity, Pearson, Spearman, and musculoskeletal linear regression tests were used.


Relationship between mental workload and musculoskeletal disorders among Alzahra Hospital nurses.

Habibi E, Taheri MR, Hasanzadeh A - Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res (2015 Jan-Feb)

Cornell musculoskeletal discomfort questionnaire
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4325400&req=5

Figure 1: Cornell musculoskeletal discomfort questionnaire
Mentions: CMDQ was used to investigate the prevalence of MSDs. This questionnaire is a data collecting tool for musculoskeletal discomfort data, which was designed by professor Alen Hedge et al. in 1999. This questionnaire has been designed in three stages of discomfort frequency, discomfort severity, and the effect on capacity for work in the latest working week. It has the map of body and 12 parts, which totally analyzes 20 sections of the body. Mean discomfort frequency for 12 body parts is calculated as the score of MSDs [Figure 1]. This questionnaire is used in the USA and other countries as a valuable tool to investigate the level of musculoskeletal discomfort. Its validity and reliability were estimated by Cronbach alpha = 0.986.[23] To investigate some of the demographic characteristics of the subjects, age, sex, height, weight, wo rk experience, related ward, working shift, and body mass index (BMI) were added to this tool. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS 20. To calculate and define the condition of investigated indexes, descriptive statistical tests and tables were used. To investigate the association between mental workload and musculoskeletal discomfort severity, Pearson, Spearman, and musculoskeletal linear regression tests were used.

Bottom Line: Pearson and Spearman correlation tests showed a significant association between the nurses' MSDs and the dimensions of workload frustration, total workload, temporal demand, effort, and physical demand (r = 0.304, 0.277, 0.277, 0.216, and 0.211, respectively).However, there was no significant association between the nurses' MSDs and the dimensions of workload performance and mental demand (P > 0.05).Thus, reduction of stress in nursing workplace should be one of the main priorities of hospital managers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Professor, Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a serious problem among the nursing staff. Mental workload is the major cause of MSDs among nursing staff. The aim of this study was to investigate the mental workload dimensions and their association with MSDs among nurses of Alzahra Hospital, affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences.

Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 247 randomly selected nurses who worked in the Alzahra Hospital in Isfahan, Iran in the summer of 2013. The Persian version of National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) (measuring mental load) specialized questionnaire and Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire (CMDQ) was used for data collection. Data were collected and analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and Spearman correlation coefficient tests in SPSS 20.

Results: Pearson and Spearman correlation tests showed a significant association between the nurses' MSDs and the dimensions of workload frustration, total workload, temporal demand, effort, and physical demand (r = 0.304, 0.277, 0.277, 0.216, and 0.211, respectively). However, there was no significant association between the nurses' MSDs and the dimensions of workload performance and mental demand (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: The nurses' frustration had a direct correlation with MSDs. This shows that stress is an inseparable component in hospital workplace. Thus, reduction of stress in nursing workplace should be one of the main priorities of hospital managers.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus