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Visual and optical performances of multifocal intraocular lenses with three different near additions: 6-month follow-up.

Wang M, Corpuz CC, Fujiwara M, Tomita M - Open Ophthalmol J (2015)

Bottom Line: Defocus curve, contrast sensitivity and higher order aberrations (HOAs) at 6 month postoperative visit were measured and compared.The highest near-visual peaks were -0.06 logMAR at a -2.50 D (40 cm) in Group A, -0.07 logMAR at -3.00D (33 cm) in Group B, and -0.06 logMAR at -3.50 D (29 cm) in Group C.Statistically significant differences in near and intermediate visual acuities were observed among the three groups at -2.00 D (50 cm), -2.50 D (40 cm), -3.50 D (29 cm) and -4.00 D (25 cm) (P < 0.01).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Shinagawa LASIK Center, Tokyo, Japan.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To compare the visual and optical outcomes of four multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) with three different near additions of +3.00 diopters (D), +3.75 D and +4.00 D.

Methods: In this prospective study, 133 eyes of 88 patients were implanted with one of the following IOLs: AcrySof(®) ReSTOR(®) SN6AD1 (+3.00 D) for Group A, Acriva(UD) Reviol BB MF 613 or BB MFM 611 (+3.75 D) for Group B, and AcrySof(®) ReSTOR(®) SN6AD3 (+4.00 D) for Group C. The visual acuity, refraction, intraocular pressure, tomography and corneal endothelial cell density (ECD) were compared between the three groups preoperatively and at 6 month postoperatively. Defocus curve, contrast sensitivity and higher order aberrations (HOAs) at 6 month postoperative visit were measured and compared.

Results: There were no statistically significant differences in distance visual acuity, refraction, intraocular pressure or ECD among the three groups after 6 months (P > 0.05). The photopic contrast sensitivity in Group C was statistically better than in Group A (P < 0.05). The scotopic ocular aberration in Group B was statistically greater compared to that in Group A (P < 0.05). The highest near-visual peaks were -0.06 logMAR at a -2.50 D (40 cm) in Group A, -0.07 logMAR at -3.00D (33 cm) in Group B, and -0.06 logMAR at -3.50 D (29 cm) in Group C. Statistically significant differences in near and intermediate visual acuities were observed among the three groups at -2.00 D (50 cm), -2.50 D (40 cm), -3.50 D (29 cm) and -4.00 D (25 cm) (P < 0.01).

Conclusion: AcrySof(®) ReSTOR(®) SN6AD1 IOLs (+3.00 D) and SN6AD3 (+4.00 D) IOLs provided the best intermediate and near vision, respectively. Both intermediate and near vision were comparatively better in the eyes with Acriva(UD) Reviol BB MFM 611 IOLs or BB MF 613 IOLs (+3.75 D).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Six-month postoperative visual acuity (mean and standard deviation) at different levels of defocus for three groups.∗, significantdifferent between thre groups (P < 0.05).
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Figure 1: Six-month postoperative visual acuity (mean and standard deviation) at different levels of defocus for three groups.∗, significantdifferent between thre groups (P < 0.05).

Mentions: Defocus curves of the three groups at 6-month postoperatively are illustrated in Fig. (1). There was no statistically significant difference in visual acuities among the three groups when the defocus level was more than -1.50 D (67 cm and beyond). The highest near-visual peaks were -0.06 logMAR at a defocus level of -2.50 D (40 cm) in Group A, -0.07 logMAR at -3.00 D (33 cm) in Group B, and -0.06 logMAR at -3.50 D (29 cm) in Group C. The differences in visual acuity between the viewing distance range of -2.50 D (40 cm) and -2.00 D (50 cm) were statistically significant (P < 0.0001). The visual acuities in Group B were significantly better than those in Group C (P < 0.05), but statistically worse than those in Group A (P < 0.05).


Visual and optical performances of multifocal intraocular lenses with three different near additions: 6-month follow-up.

Wang M, Corpuz CC, Fujiwara M, Tomita M - Open Ophthalmol J (2015)

Six-month postoperative visual acuity (mean and standard deviation) at different levels of defocus for three groups.∗, significantdifferent between thre groups (P < 0.05).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4321207&req=5

Figure 1: Six-month postoperative visual acuity (mean and standard deviation) at different levels of defocus for three groups.∗, significantdifferent between thre groups (P < 0.05).
Mentions: Defocus curves of the three groups at 6-month postoperatively are illustrated in Fig. (1). There was no statistically significant difference in visual acuities among the three groups when the defocus level was more than -1.50 D (67 cm and beyond). The highest near-visual peaks were -0.06 logMAR at a defocus level of -2.50 D (40 cm) in Group A, -0.07 logMAR at -3.00 D (33 cm) in Group B, and -0.06 logMAR at -3.50 D (29 cm) in Group C. The differences in visual acuity between the viewing distance range of -2.50 D (40 cm) and -2.00 D (50 cm) were statistically significant (P < 0.0001). The visual acuities in Group B were significantly better than those in Group C (P < 0.05), but statistically worse than those in Group A (P < 0.05).

Bottom Line: Defocus curve, contrast sensitivity and higher order aberrations (HOAs) at 6 month postoperative visit were measured and compared.The highest near-visual peaks were -0.06 logMAR at a -2.50 D (40 cm) in Group A, -0.07 logMAR at -3.00D (33 cm) in Group B, and -0.06 logMAR at -3.50 D (29 cm) in Group C.Statistically significant differences in near and intermediate visual acuities were observed among the three groups at -2.00 D (50 cm), -2.50 D (40 cm), -3.50 D (29 cm) and -4.00 D (25 cm) (P < 0.01).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Shinagawa LASIK Center, Tokyo, Japan.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To compare the visual and optical outcomes of four multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) with three different near additions of +3.00 diopters (D), +3.75 D and +4.00 D.

Methods: In this prospective study, 133 eyes of 88 patients were implanted with one of the following IOLs: AcrySof(®) ReSTOR(®) SN6AD1 (+3.00 D) for Group A, Acriva(UD) Reviol BB MF 613 or BB MFM 611 (+3.75 D) for Group B, and AcrySof(®) ReSTOR(®) SN6AD3 (+4.00 D) for Group C. The visual acuity, refraction, intraocular pressure, tomography and corneal endothelial cell density (ECD) were compared between the three groups preoperatively and at 6 month postoperatively. Defocus curve, contrast sensitivity and higher order aberrations (HOAs) at 6 month postoperative visit were measured and compared.

Results: There were no statistically significant differences in distance visual acuity, refraction, intraocular pressure or ECD among the three groups after 6 months (P > 0.05). The photopic contrast sensitivity in Group C was statistically better than in Group A (P < 0.05). The scotopic ocular aberration in Group B was statistically greater compared to that in Group A (P < 0.05). The highest near-visual peaks were -0.06 logMAR at a -2.50 D (40 cm) in Group A, -0.07 logMAR at -3.00D (33 cm) in Group B, and -0.06 logMAR at -3.50 D (29 cm) in Group C. Statistically significant differences in near and intermediate visual acuities were observed among the three groups at -2.00 D (50 cm), -2.50 D (40 cm), -3.50 D (29 cm) and -4.00 D (25 cm) (P < 0.01).

Conclusion: AcrySof(®) ReSTOR(®) SN6AD1 IOLs (+3.00 D) and SN6AD3 (+4.00 D) IOLs provided the best intermediate and near vision, respectively. Both intermediate and near vision were comparatively better in the eyes with Acriva(UD) Reviol BB MFM 611 IOLs or BB MF 613 IOLs (+3.75 D).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus