Limits...
The shrinking world of girls at puberty: violence and gender-divergent access to the public sphere among adolescents in South Africa.

Hallman KK, Kenworthy NJ, Diers J, Swan N, Devnarain B - Glob Public Health (2014)

Bottom Line: Expanded geographies of grade 8-9 boys contained a mix of safe and unsafe places.Reducing girls' access to the public sphere does not increase their perceived safety, but may instead limit their access to opportunities for human development.The findings emphasise the need for better violence prevention programming for very young adolescents.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: a Poverty, Gender and Youth Program, Population Council , New York , NY , USA.

ABSTRACT
Participatory mapping was undertaken with single-sex groups of grade 5 and grade 8-9 children in KwaZulu-Natal. Relative to grade 5 students, wide gender divergence in access to the public sphere was found at grade 8-9. With puberty, girls' worlds shrink, while boys' expand. At grade 5, female-defined community areas were equal or larger in size than those of males. Community area mapped by urban grade 8-9 girls, however, was only one-third that of male classmates and two-fifths that of grade 5 girls. Conversely, community area mapped by grade 8-9 boys was twice that of grade 5 boys. Similar differences emerged in the rural site. No female group rated a single community space as more than 'somewhat safe'. Although curtailed spatial access is intended to protect girls, grade 8-9 girls reported most places in their small navigable areas as very unsafe. Expanded geographies of grade 8-9 boys contained a mix of safe and unsafe places. Reducing girls' access to the public sphere does not increase their perceived safety, but may instead limit their access to opportunities for human development. The findings emphasise the need for better violence prevention programming for very young adolescents.

Show MeSH
Safety distribution of plotted spaces.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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f0008: Safety distribution of plotted spaces.

Mentions: Within areas diagrammed by each group, spaces plotted by safety rating (Figure 8) reveal a distinctive gendered pattern in the urban area: younger and older girls rated about 60% of spaces as unsafe, whereas boys rated 40% of spaces as unsafe. Moreover, the degree of safety fell with age for both sexes but more so for girls. Contrary to expectation, rural participants rated a smaller overall percentage of mapped spaces as safe than did urban participants.


The shrinking world of girls at puberty: violence and gender-divergent access to the public sphere among adolescents in South Africa.

Hallman KK, Kenworthy NJ, Diers J, Swan N, Devnarain B - Glob Public Health (2014)

Safety distribution of plotted spaces.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4320002&req=5

f0008: Safety distribution of plotted spaces.
Mentions: Within areas diagrammed by each group, spaces plotted by safety rating (Figure 8) reveal a distinctive gendered pattern in the urban area: younger and older girls rated about 60% of spaces as unsafe, whereas boys rated 40% of spaces as unsafe. Moreover, the degree of safety fell with age for both sexes but more so for girls. Contrary to expectation, rural participants rated a smaller overall percentage of mapped spaces as safe than did urban participants.

Bottom Line: Expanded geographies of grade 8-9 boys contained a mix of safe and unsafe places.Reducing girls' access to the public sphere does not increase their perceived safety, but may instead limit their access to opportunities for human development.The findings emphasise the need for better violence prevention programming for very young adolescents.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: a Poverty, Gender and Youth Program, Population Council , New York , NY , USA.

ABSTRACT
Participatory mapping was undertaken with single-sex groups of grade 5 and grade 8-9 children in KwaZulu-Natal. Relative to grade 5 students, wide gender divergence in access to the public sphere was found at grade 8-9. With puberty, girls' worlds shrink, while boys' expand. At grade 5, female-defined community areas were equal or larger in size than those of males. Community area mapped by urban grade 8-9 girls, however, was only one-third that of male classmates and two-fifths that of grade 5 girls. Conversely, community area mapped by grade 8-9 boys was twice that of grade 5 boys. Similar differences emerged in the rural site. No female group rated a single community space as more than 'somewhat safe'. Although curtailed spatial access is intended to protect girls, grade 8-9 girls reported most places in their small navigable areas as very unsafe. Expanded geographies of grade 8-9 boys contained a mix of safe and unsafe places. Reducing girls' access to the public sphere does not increase their perceived safety, but may instead limit their access to opportunities for human development. The findings emphasise the need for better violence prevention programming for very young adolescents.

Show MeSH