Limits...
The shrinking world of girls at puberty: violence and gender-divergent access to the public sphere among adolescents in South Africa.

Hallman KK, Kenworthy NJ, Diers J, Swan N, Devnarain B - Glob Public Health (2014)

Bottom Line: Expanded geographies of grade 8-9 boys contained a mix of safe and unsafe places.Reducing girls' access to the public sphere does not increase their perceived safety, but may instead limit their access to opportunities for human development.The findings emphasise the need for better violence prevention programming for very young adolescents.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: a Poverty, Gender and Youth Program, Population Council , New York , NY , USA.

ABSTRACT
Participatory mapping was undertaken with single-sex groups of grade 5 and grade 8-9 children in KwaZulu-Natal. Relative to grade 5 students, wide gender divergence in access to the public sphere was found at grade 8-9. With puberty, girls' worlds shrink, while boys' expand. At grade 5, female-defined community areas were equal or larger in size than those of males. Community area mapped by urban grade 8-9 girls, however, was only one-third that of male classmates and two-fifths that of grade 5 girls. Conversely, community area mapped by grade 8-9 boys was twice that of grade 5 boys. Similar differences emerged in the rural site. No female group rated a single community space as more than 'somewhat safe'. Although curtailed spatial access is intended to protect girls, grade 8-9 girls reported most places in their small navigable areas as very unsafe. Expanded geographies of grade 8-9 boys contained a mix of safe and unsafe places. Reducing girls' access to the public sphere does not increase their perceived safety, but may instead limit their access to opportunities for human development. The findings emphasise the need for better violence prevention programming for very young adolescents.

Show MeSH
Urban spatial area for boys by grade.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4320002&req=5

f0003: Urban spatial area for boys by grade.

Mentions: Figures 2–7 present the spatial area defined as ‘community’ by each sex, grade and locality group. Figure 2 shows the geographic areas plotted by grade 5 and grade 8–9 urban girls. The size of the area mapped by the younger girls, 6.33 square miles, was substantially greater than that shown by older girls, 2.62 square miles. This disparity represents greatly contracted access to the public sphere with age: younger girls' area is 2.5 times larger than that of older girls. In Figure 3, on the other hand, boundaries of this same community as defined by urban boys reveal growing male spatial access with age. The area represented by younger boys was 3.79 square miles, versus 7.81 square miles for older boys – a doubling with age.


The shrinking world of girls at puberty: violence and gender-divergent access to the public sphere among adolescents in South Africa.

Hallman KK, Kenworthy NJ, Diers J, Swan N, Devnarain B - Glob Public Health (2014)

Urban spatial area for boys by grade.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4320002&req=5

f0003: Urban spatial area for boys by grade.
Mentions: Figures 2–7 present the spatial area defined as ‘community’ by each sex, grade and locality group. Figure 2 shows the geographic areas plotted by grade 5 and grade 8–9 urban girls. The size of the area mapped by the younger girls, 6.33 square miles, was substantially greater than that shown by older girls, 2.62 square miles. This disparity represents greatly contracted access to the public sphere with age: younger girls' area is 2.5 times larger than that of older girls. In Figure 3, on the other hand, boundaries of this same community as defined by urban boys reveal growing male spatial access with age. The area represented by younger boys was 3.79 square miles, versus 7.81 square miles for older boys – a doubling with age.

Bottom Line: Expanded geographies of grade 8-9 boys contained a mix of safe and unsafe places.Reducing girls' access to the public sphere does not increase their perceived safety, but may instead limit their access to opportunities for human development.The findings emphasise the need for better violence prevention programming for very young adolescents.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: a Poverty, Gender and Youth Program, Population Council , New York , NY , USA.

ABSTRACT
Participatory mapping was undertaken with single-sex groups of grade 5 and grade 8-9 children in KwaZulu-Natal. Relative to grade 5 students, wide gender divergence in access to the public sphere was found at grade 8-9. With puberty, girls' worlds shrink, while boys' expand. At grade 5, female-defined community areas were equal or larger in size than those of males. Community area mapped by urban grade 8-9 girls, however, was only one-third that of male classmates and two-fifths that of grade 5 girls. Conversely, community area mapped by grade 8-9 boys was twice that of grade 5 boys. Similar differences emerged in the rural site. No female group rated a single community space as more than 'somewhat safe'. Although curtailed spatial access is intended to protect girls, grade 8-9 girls reported most places in their small navigable areas as very unsafe. Expanded geographies of grade 8-9 boys contained a mix of safe and unsafe places. Reducing girls' access to the public sphere does not increase their perceived safety, but may instead limit their access to opportunities for human development. The findings emphasise the need for better violence prevention programming for very young adolescents.

Show MeSH