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Comparison of risk indicators of dental caries in children with and without cleft lip and palate deformities.

Shashni R, Goyal A, Gauba K, Utreja AK, Ray P, Jena AK - Contemp Clin Dent (2015 Jan-Mar)

Bottom Line: The mean deft score among Group-II children was significantly more (P < 0.01) as compared to the Group-I children.The association between hypoplastic teeth and dental caries was significant (P < 0.05).The salivary streptococcus mutans levels in Group-I and Group-II children were higher when compared to lactobacillus counts.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pedodontics, ACPM Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To test the hypothesis that there are no differences in various risk factors of dental caries among children with cleft lip and palate when compared to non-cleft high caries risk and non-cleft caries free children.

Design: Seventy-three children in the age range of 4-9 years comprised three groups; Group-I (n = 23, children with cleft lip and palate), Group-II (n = 25, non-cleft high caries risk children) and Group-III (n = 25, non-cleft caries free children). Various risk factors for dental caries like type of oral hygiene practice, sugar exposures/day, developmental defects of enamel, caries activity, salivary streptococci mutans levels and lactobacilli levels were evaluated and compared among the three groups of children.

Results: The mean deft score among Group-II children was significantly more (P < 0.01) as compared to the Group-I children. The mean deft + DMFT score among Group-I and Group-II children was comparable (P = 0.149). Developmental enamel defects were more among Group-I children as compared to Group-II and Group-III children (P < 0.01). Hypoplasia of the maxillary anterior teeth was more common among Group-I children as compared to Group-II (P < 0.05) and Group-III children (P < 0.001). The association between hypoplastic teeth and dental caries was significant (P < 0.05). The salivary acidogenic potential as evaluated by Snyder test was comparable among Group-I and Group-II children. The salivary streptococcus mutans levels in Group-I and Group-II children were higher when compared to lactobacillus counts.

Conclusion: The risk factors of dental caries among children with cleft lip and palate were more as compared to non-cleft high caries risk and non-cleft caries free children.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The acidogenic potential of saliva as evaluated by Snyder test among three groups of children
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Figure 2: The acidogenic potential of saliva as evaluated by Snyder test among three groups of children

Mentions: The acidogenic potential of saliva as evaluated by Snyder test showed statistically significant difference between Group-III and Group-II (P < 0.000) and Group-III and Group-I (P < 0.000) [Figure 2].


Comparison of risk indicators of dental caries in children with and without cleft lip and palate deformities.

Shashni R, Goyal A, Gauba K, Utreja AK, Ray P, Jena AK - Contemp Clin Dent (2015 Jan-Mar)

The acidogenic potential of saliva as evaluated by Snyder test among three groups of children
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4319347&req=5

Figure 2: The acidogenic potential of saliva as evaluated by Snyder test among three groups of children
Mentions: The acidogenic potential of saliva as evaluated by Snyder test showed statistically significant difference between Group-III and Group-II (P < 0.000) and Group-III and Group-I (P < 0.000) [Figure 2].

Bottom Line: The mean deft score among Group-II children was significantly more (P < 0.01) as compared to the Group-I children.The association between hypoplastic teeth and dental caries was significant (P < 0.05).The salivary streptococcus mutans levels in Group-I and Group-II children were higher when compared to lactobacillus counts.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pedodontics, ACPM Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To test the hypothesis that there are no differences in various risk factors of dental caries among children with cleft lip and palate when compared to non-cleft high caries risk and non-cleft caries free children.

Design: Seventy-three children in the age range of 4-9 years comprised three groups; Group-I (n = 23, children with cleft lip and palate), Group-II (n = 25, non-cleft high caries risk children) and Group-III (n = 25, non-cleft caries free children). Various risk factors for dental caries like type of oral hygiene practice, sugar exposures/day, developmental defects of enamel, caries activity, salivary streptococci mutans levels and lactobacilli levels were evaluated and compared among the three groups of children.

Results: The mean deft score among Group-II children was significantly more (P < 0.01) as compared to the Group-I children. The mean deft + DMFT score among Group-I and Group-II children was comparable (P = 0.149). Developmental enamel defects were more among Group-I children as compared to Group-II and Group-III children (P < 0.01). Hypoplasia of the maxillary anterior teeth was more common among Group-I children as compared to Group-II (P < 0.05) and Group-III children (P < 0.001). The association between hypoplastic teeth and dental caries was significant (P < 0.05). The salivary acidogenic potential as evaluated by Snyder test was comparable among Group-I and Group-II children. The salivary streptococcus mutans levels in Group-I and Group-II children were higher when compared to lactobacillus counts.

Conclusion: The risk factors of dental caries among children with cleft lip and palate were more as compared to non-cleft high caries risk and non-cleft caries free children.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus