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Dental arch changes associated with rapid maxillary expansion: A retrospective model analysis study.

D'Souza IM, Kumar HC, Shetty KS - Contemp Clin Dent (2015 Jan-Mar)

Bottom Line: The mean difference between T1-T2, T2-T3 and T1-T3 were compared to assess the effects of RME on dental arch measurements.Findings of this study demonstrate that there was a significant increase in the intercanine, inter first premolar, inter second premolar intermolar arch width and arch perimeter from pretreatment to postexpansion, which was stable at the end of fixed mechanotherapy (PEA).There was a nonsignificant decrease in arch length from pretreatment to postexpansion that further decreased nonsignificantly from postexpansion to posttreatment.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthodontics, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Transverse deficiency of the maxilla is a common clinical problem in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics. Transverse maxillary deficiency, isolated or associated with other dentofacial deformities, results in esthetic and functional impairment giving rise to several clinical manifestations such as asymmetrical facial growth, positional and functional mandibular deviations, altered dentofacial esthetics, adverse periodontal responses, unstable dental tipping, and other functional problems. Orthopedic maxillary expansion is the preferred treatment approach to increase the maxillary transverse dimension in young patients by splitting of the mid palatal suture. This orthopedic procedure has lately been subject of renewed interest in orthodontic treatment mechanics because of its potential for increasing arch perimeter to alleviate crowding in the maxillary arch without adversely affecting facial profile. Hence, the present investigation was conducted to establish a correlation between transverse expansion and changes in the arch perimeter, arch width and arch length.

Methods: For this purpose, 10 subjects (five males, five females) were selected who had been treated by rapid maxillary expansion (RME) using hyrax rapid palatal expander followed by fixed mechanotherapy (PEA). Pretreatment (T1), postexpansion (T2), and posttreatment (T3) dental models were compared for dental changes brought about by RME treatment and its stability at the end of fixed mechanotherapy. After model measurements were made, the changes between T1-T2, T2-T3 and T1-T3 were determined for each patient. The mean difference between T1-T2, T2-T3 and T1-T3 were compared to assess the effects of RME on dental arch measurements. Results are expressed as mean ± standard deviation and are compared by repeated measures analysis of variance followed by a post-hoc test. Arch perimeter changes are correlated with changes in arch widths at the canine, premolar and molar regions.

Results: The intercanine arch width increased by 2.9 mm, inter first premolar width increased by 3.2 mm, inter second premolar width increased by 4.6 mm, intermolar width increased by 4.4 mm, arch perimeter increased by 3.2 mm, arch length decreased by 1.8 mm from pretreatment to posttreatment. There is a strong positive correlation of arch perimeter with intercanine width (r (2) = 0.99), interpremolar width (r (2) = 0.99) and intermolar width (r (2) = 0.98), indicating that there is a significant increase in arch perimeter with increase in arch width at the canine, premolars and molar regions.

Conclusion: Findings of this study demonstrate that there was a significant increase in the intercanine, inter first premolar, inter second premolar intermolar arch width and arch perimeter from pretreatment to postexpansion, which was stable at the end of fixed mechanotherapy (PEA). There was a nonsignificant decrease in arch length from pretreatment to postexpansion that further decreased nonsignificantly from postexpansion to posttreatment.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Inter first premolar arch width changes
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Figure 5: Inter first premolar arch width changes

Mentions: The mean pretreatment inter first premolar width was 33.3 ± 2.31 mm, mean postexpansion inter first premolar width was 38.3 ± 2.05 mm and mean posttreatment inter first premolar width was 36.5 ± 1.35 mm. The mean difference from pretreatment to postexpansion was 5.0 mm with a P = 0.000 (HS), from postexpansion to posttreatment was −1.8 mm with a P = 0.117 (NS), from pretreatment to posttreatment was 3.2 mm with a P = 0.003 (S) [Table 2, Graph 2].


Dental arch changes associated with rapid maxillary expansion: A retrospective model analysis study.

D'Souza IM, Kumar HC, Shetty KS - Contemp Clin Dent (2015 Jan-Mar)

Inter first premolar arch width changes
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4319346&req=5

Figure 5: Inter first premolar arch width changes
Mentions: The mean pretreatment inter first premolar width was 33.3 ± 2.31 mm, mean postexpansion inter first premolar width was 38.3 ± 2.05 mm and mean posttreatment inter first premolar width was 36.5 ± 1.35 mm. The mean difference from pretreatment to postexpansion was 5.0 mm with a P = 0.000 (HS), from postexpansion to posttreatment was −1.8 mm with a P = 0.117 (NS), from pretreatment to posttreatment was 3.2 mm with a P = 0.003 (S) [Table 2, Graph 2].

Bottom Line: The mean difference between T1-T2, T2-T3 and T1-T3 were compared to assess the effects of RME on dental arch measurements.Findings of this study demonstrate that there was a significant increase in the intercanine, inter first premolar, inter second premolar intermolar arch width and arch perimeter from pretreatment to postexpansion, which was stable at the end of fixed mechanotherapy (PEA).There was a nonsignificant decrease in arch length from pretreatment to postexpansion that further decreased nonsignificantly from postexpansion to posttreatment.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthodontics, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Transverse deficiency of the maxilla is a common clinical problem in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics. Transverse maxillary deficiency, isolated or associated with other dentofacial deformities, results in esthetic and functional impairment giving rise to several clinical manifestations such as asymmetrical facial growth, positional and functional mandibular deviations, altered dentofacial esthetics, adverse periodontal responses, unstable dental tipping, and other functional problems. Orthopedic maxillary expansion is the preferred treatment approach to increase the maxillary transverse dimension in young patients by splitting of the mid palatal suture. This orthopedic procedure has lately been subject of renewed interest in orthodontic treatment mechanics because of its potential for increasing arch perimeter to alleviate crowding in the maxillary arch without adversely affecting facial profile. Hence, the present investigation was conducted to establish a correlation between transverse expansion and changes in the arch perimeter, arch width and arch length.

Methods: For this purpose, 10 subjects (five males, five females) were selected who had been treated by rapid maxillary expansion (RME) using hyrax rapid palatal expander followed by fixed mechanotherapy (PEA). Pretreatment (T1), postexpansion (T2), and posttreatment (T3) dental models were compared for dental changes brought about by RME treatment and its stability at the end of fixed mechanotherapy. After model measurements were made, the changes between T1-T2, T2-T3 and T1-T3 were determined for each patient. The mean difference between T1-T2, T2-T3 and T1-T3 were compared to assess the effects of RME on dental arch measurements. Results are expressed as mean ± standard deviation and are compared by repeated measures analysis of variance followed by a post-hoc test. Arch perimeter changes are correlated with changes in arch widths at the canine, premolar and molar regions.

Results: The intercanine arch width increased by 2.9 mm, inter first premolar width increased by 3.2 mm, inter second premolar width increased by 4.6 mm, intermolar width increased by 4.4 mm, arch perimeter increased by 3.2 mm, arch length decreased by 1.8 mm from pretreatment to posttreatment. There is a strong positive correlation of arch perimeter with intercanine width (r (2) = 0.99), interpremolar width (r (2) = 0.99) and intermolar width (r (2) = 0.98), indicating that there is a significant increase in arch perimeter with increase in arch width at the canine, premolars and molar regions.

Conclusion: Findings of this study demonstrate that there was a significant increase in the intercanine, inter first premolar, inter second premolar intermolar arch width and arch perimeter from pretreatment to postexpansion, which was stable at the end of fixed mechanotherapy (PEA). There was a nonsignificant decrease in arch length from pretreatment to postexpansion that further decreased nonsignificantly from postexpansion to posttreatment.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus