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Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in north-west Punjab population: A cross-sectional study.

Bachhel R, Singh NR, Sidhu JS - Int J Appl Basic Med Res (2015 Jan-Apr)

Bottom Line: Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test.A significant gender-specific difference was also recorded at the cut-off level of 25 (OH) D, with women showing higher prevalence of deficiency compared to men (P < 0.05).Lower prevalence is displayed by those subjects who have greater opportunities for sunlight exposure, such as like rural individuals, farmers, and housewives.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Many studies show a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency across various populations the world over. There is relative lack of prevalence data in Punjab, India. This cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the north-west Punjab population.

Aim: To study the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the north-west Punjab population across various population characteristics such as gender, education, locality, occupation, and dietary habits.

Materials and methods: Healthy volunteers (N = 150) of either sex were enrolled and their fasting plasma samples tested for 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH) D] levels. Data were compiled as percentages and means across different population characteristics. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test.

Results: A high overall prevalence (90%) of vitamin D deficiency was observed in the study subjects. There was a significant difference in the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency between rural and urban subjects (P < 0.05) and among the subjects pursuing different occupations (P < 0.001). A significant gender-specific difference was also recorded at the cut-off level of 25 (OH) D, with women showing higher prevalence of deficiency compared to men (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the population of Punjab. Lower prevalence is displayed by those subjects who have greater opportunities for sunlight exposure, such as like rural individuals, farmers, and housewives.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Pattern of 25(OH) D levels across various occupations
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Figure 3: Pattern of 25(OH) D levels across various occupations

Mentions: On the other hand, occupation seems to have an influence, as all the subjects showing optimal levels were either non-working or farmers or housewives. Three out of 6 (50%) subjects who reported having agriculture as their occupation had optimal levels and 12 (21.05%) of the subjects who reported to be housewives or non-working had optimal levels. None of the subjects pursuing services or sedentary professions had optimal levels (P < 0.001) [Figure 3].


Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in north-west Punjab population: A cross-sectional study.

Bachhel R, Singh NR, Sidhu JS - Int J Appl Basic Med Res (2015 Jan-Apr)

Pattern of 25(OH) D levels across various occupations
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4318108&req=5

Figure 3: Pattern of 25(OH) D levels across various occupations
Mentions: On the other hand, occupation seems to have an influence, as all the subjects showing optimal levels were either non-working or farmers or housewives. Three out of 6 (50%) subjects who reported having agriculture as their occupation had optimal levels and 12 (21.05%) of the subjects who reported to be housewives or non-working had optimal levels. None of the subjects pursuing services or sedentary professions had optimal levels (P < 0.001) [Figure 3].

Bottom Line: Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test.A significant gender-specific difference was also recorded at the cut-off level of 25 (OH) D, with women showing higher prevalence of deficiency compared to men (P < 0.05).Lower prevalence is displayed by those subjects who have greater opportunities for sunlight exposure, such as like rural individuals, farmers, and housewives.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Many studies show a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency across various populations the world over. There is relative lack of prevalence data in Punjab, India. This cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the north-west Punjab population.

Aim: To study the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the north-west Punjab population across various population characteristics such as gender, education, locality, occupation, and dietary habits.

Materials and methods: Healthy volunteers (N = 150) of either sex were enrolled and their fasting plasma samples tested for 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH) D] levels. Data were compiled as percentages and means across different population characteristics. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test.

Results: A high overall prevalence (90%) of vitamin D deficiency was observed in the study subjects. There was a significant difference in the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency between rural and urban subjects (P < 0.05) and among the subjects pursuing different occupations (P < 0.001). A significant gender-specific difference was also recorded at the cut-off level of 25 (OH) D, with women showing higher prevalence of deficiency compared to men (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the population of Punjab. Lower prevalence is displayed by those subjects who have greater opportunities for sunlight exposure, such as like rural individuals, farmers, and housewives.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus