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Dermatoses due to Indian cultural practices.

Gupta D, Thappa DM - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Jan-Feb)

Bottom Line: Mild irritant reactions and contact sensitization occur secondary to balm and hair oil use. 'Mudichood' represents the comedogenic effect of hair oils combined with occlusion and humidity.Heavy metal and steroid toxicity along with severe cutaneous adverse effects like erythroderma can occur as a consequent to the use of alternative medicines.With increasing globalization and migration, the practice of indigenous customs and traditions is no longer limited to regional territories, making it imperative for the dermatologists to be acquainted with the cutaneous side effects they can cause.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD), Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India.

ABSTRACT
A wide prevalence of socio-religious and cultural practices in the Asian subcontinent often leads to multitude of skin diseases which may be missed by the dermatologists because of a lack of awareness. 'Henna' use causes IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions and contact dermatitis. 'Kumkum' application can result in pigmented contact dermatitis and lichen planus pigmentosus. Sticker 'bindis' and 'alta' induce contact leukoderma. Irritant and allergic contact dermatitis occurs after playing with 'Holi' colors. Threading and drawstring dermatitis lead to koebnerization of pre-existing dermatoses, infections and even squamous cell carcinoma of skin. Mild irritant reactions and contact sensitization occur secondary to balm and hair oil use. 'Mudichood' represents the comedogenic effect of hair oils combined with occlusion and humidity. Aromatherapy oils can cause contact dermatitis and photosensitive reactions. Heavy metal and steroid toxicity along with severe cutaneous adverse effects like erythroderma can occur as a consequent to the use of alternative medicines. Squamous cell carcinoma due to chronic heat exposure from the heating device "kangri" is seen in Kashmiris. Prayer nodules in Muslims and traction alopecia in Sikhs illustrate how religious practices can negatively affect the skin. With increasing globalization and migration, the practice of indigenous customs and traditions is no longer limited to regional territories, making it imperative for the dermatologists to be acquainted with the cutaneous side effects they can cause.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Allergic contact dermatitis to sticker bindi
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Figure 5: Allergic contact dermatitis to sticker bindi

Mentions: Contact leukoderma is one of the most frequent manifestations of sticker bindis [Figure 4].[293031] In a study of 864 cases of chemical leukoderma, 104 (12%) cases were due to adhesive bindi.[32] It is possible that bindi-induced depigmentation may be more common in patients predisposed to vitiligo,[33] and chemical leukoderma must be excluded with certainty from every case of idiopathic vitiligo.[32] Irritation, pruritus and erythema may be seen prior to the development of depigmentation.[31] The lag period between use and depigmentation is highly variable, ranging from a few weeks to a few years. Other presentations include allergic contact dermatitis [Figure 5][34] and granuloma formation.[35]


Dermatoses due to Indian cultural practices.

Gupta D, Thappa DM - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Jan-Feb)

Allergic contact dermatitis to sticker bindi
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4318059&req=5

Figure 5: Allergic contact dermatitis to sticker bindi
Mentions: Contact leukoderma is one of the most frequent manifestations of sticker bindis [Figure 4].[293031] In a study of 864 cases of chemical leukoderma, 104 (12%) cases were due to adhesive bindi.[32] It is possible that bindi-induced depigmentation may be more common in patients predisposed to vitiligo,[33] and chemical leukoderma must be excluded with certainty from every case of idiopathic vitiligo.[32] Irritation, pruritus and erythema may be seen prior to the development of depigmentation.[31] The lag period between use and depigmentation is highly variable, ranging from a few weeks to a few years. Other presentations include allergic contact dermatitis [Figure 5][34] and granuloma formation.[35]

Bottom Line: Mild irritant reactions and contact sensitization occur secondary to balm and hair oil use. 'Mudichood' represents the comedogenic effect of hair oils combined with occlusion and humidity.Heavy metal and steroid toxicity along with severe cutaneous adverse effects like erythroderma can occur as a consequent to the use of alternative medicines.With increasing globalization and migration, the practice of indigenous customs and traditions is no longer limited to regional territories, making it imperative for the dermatologists to be acquainted with the cutaneous side effects they can cause.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD), Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India.

ABSTRACT
A wide prevalence of socio-religious and cultural practices in the Asian subcontinent often leads to multitude of skin diseases which may be missed by the dermatologists because of a lack of awareness. 'Henna' use causes IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions and contact dermatitis. 'Kumkum' application can result in pigmented contact dermatitis and lichen planus pigmentosus. Sticker 'bindis' and 'alta' induce contact leukoderma. Irritant and allergic contact dermatitis occurs after playing with 'Holi' colors. Threading and drawstring dermatitis lead to koebnerization of pre-existing dermatoses, infections and even squamous cell carcinoma of skin. Mild irritant reactions and contact sensitization occur secondary to balm and hair oil use. 'Mudichood' represents the comedogenic effect of hair oils combined with occlusion and humidity. Aromatherapy oils can cause contact dermatitis and photosensitive reactions. Heavy metal and steroid toxicity along with severe cutaneous adverse effects like erythroderma can occur as a consequent to the use of alternative medicines. Squamous cell carcinoma due to chronic heat exposure from the heating device "kangri" is seen in Kashmiris. Prayer nodules in Muslims and traction alopecia in Sikhs illustrate how religious practices can negatively affect the skin. With increasing globalization and migration, the practice of indigenous customs and traditions is no longer limited to regional territories, making it imperative for the dermatologists to be acquainted with the cutaneous side effects they can cause.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus