Limits...
A study of Desert Dermatoses in the Thar Desert Region.

Chatterjee M, Vasudevan B - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Jan-Feb)

Bottom Line: The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms.Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region.Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Desert dermatology describes the cutaneous changes and the diseases affecting those living in the desert. Diurnal variation in temperature is high and is characteristic of the deserts. The lack of water affects daily activities and impacts dermatological conditions. Adaptation to the desert is therefore important to survival. This original article focuses on dermatoses occurring in a population in the Thar desert of India, predominantly located in Rajasthan.

Materials and methods: This is a descriptive study involving various dermatoses seen in patients residing in the Thar desert region over a duration of 3 years.

Results: Infections were the most common condition seen among this population and among them fungal infections were the most common. The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms. Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region. Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

Conclusion: The environment of the desert provides for a wide variety of dermatoses that can result in these regions with few of these dermatoses found in much higher incidence than in other regions. The concept of desert dermatology needs to be understood in more details to provide better care to those suffering from desert dermatoses and this article is a step forward in this regard.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Actinic lichen planus
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4318057&req=5

Figure 7: Actinic lichen planus

Mentions: Photodermatoses accounted for 11.4% of all skin conditions seen in this study. The sunny weather which persists for most parts of the year in this area may be an important factor in development of photodermatoses. Solar energies with as high a mean as 6.5 kWh/m2/d found in deserts are responsible for the drastic increase in incidence of photodermatoses.[24] Such a high incidence of photodermatoses has not been seen in any of the quoted studies in India and indicates that photodermatoses is the highest in the desert areas and measures towards photodermatoses are important in preventive desert dermatology. Actinic lichen planus can again be explained by the sunnier climates of the desert [Figure 7]. Solar elastotic degeneration is common among desert dwellers. These individuals spend long hours under the open sun and this leads to early appearance of wrinkles and features of skin ageing, as seen in our study [Figure 8].


A study of Desert Dermatoses in the Thar Desert Region.

Chatterjee M, Vasudevan B - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Jan-Feb)

Actinic lichen planus
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4318057&req=5

Figure 7: Actinic lichen planus
Mentions: Photodermatoses accounted for 11.4% of all skin conditions seen in this study. The sunny weather which persists for most parts of the year in this area may be an important factor in development of photodermatoses. Solar energies with as high a mean as 6.5 kWh/m2/d found in deserts are responsible for the drastic increase in incidence of photodermatoses.[24] Such a high incidence of photodermatoses has not been seen in any of the quoted studies in India and indicates that photodermatoses is the highest in the desert areas and measures towards photodermatoses are important in preventive desert dermatology. Actinic lichen planus can again be explained by the sunnier climates of the desert [Figure 7]. Solar elastotic degeneration is common among desert dwellers. These individuals spend long hours under the open sun and this leads to early appearance of wrinkles and features of skin ageing, as seen in our study [Figure 8].

Bottom Line: The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms.Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region.Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Desert dermatology describes the cutaneous changes and the diseases affecting those living in the desert. Diurnal variation in temperature is high and is characteristic of the deserts. The lack of water affects daily activities and impacts dermatological conditions. Adaptation to the desert is therefore important to survival. This original article focuses on dermatoses occurring in a population in the Thar desert of India, predominantly located in Rajasthan.

Materials and methods: This is a descriptive study involving various dermatoses seen in patients residing in the Thar desert region over a duration of 3 years.

Results: Infections were the most common condition seen among this population and among them fungal infections were the most common. The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms. Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region. Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

Conclusion: The environment of the desert provides for a wide variety of dermatoses that can result in these regions with few of these dermatoses found in much higher incidence than in other regions. The concept of desert dermatology needs to be understood in more details to provide better care to those suffering from desert dermatoses and this article is a step forward in this regard.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus