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A study of Desert Dermatoses in the Thar Desert Region.

Chatterjee M, Vasudevan B - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Jan-Feb)

Bottom Line: The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms.Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region.Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Desert dermatology describes the cutaneous changes and the diseases affecting those living in the desert. Diurnal variation in temperature is high and is characteristic of the deserts. The lack of water affects daily activities and impacts dermatological conditions. Adaptation to the desert is therefore important to survival. This original article focuses on dermatoses occurring in a population in the Thar desert of India, predominantly located in Rajasthan.

Materials and methods: This is a descriptive study involving various dermatoses seen in patients residing in the Thar desert region over a duration of 3 years.

Results: Infections were the most common condition seen among this population and among them fungal infections were the most common. The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms. Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region. Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

Conclusion: The environment of the desert provides for a wide variety of dermatoses that can result in these regions with few of these dermatoses found in much higher incidence than in other regions. The concept of desert dermatology needs to be understood in more details to provide better care to those suffering from desert dermatoses and this article is a step forward in this regard.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Multiple basal cell carcinomas in a patient
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Figure 4: Multiple basal cell carcinomas in a patient

Mentions: Nomads are usually dark skinned (Type III to Type VI); this partially protects them from the carcinogenic effect of the sun. They protect their skin by wearing long-sleeved clothes, and they cover their heads with ‘safas’ (turban) and even faces are covered in women. Because of the nature of the sunny desert all year round, they are prone to develop skin tumors and even malignant ones such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. There are no community based statistical data to show the incidence and prevalence of these tumors in desert dwellers. There were nine malignant tumors, six of which were basal cell carcinomas [Figure 4], two squamous cell carcinomas and one melanoma in our study.


A study of Desert Dermatoses in the Thar Desert Region.

Chatterjee M, Vasudevan B - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Jan-Feb)

Multiple basal cell carcinomas in a patient
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4318057&req=5

Figure 4: Multiple basal cell carcinomas in a patient
Mentions: Nomads are usually dark skinned (Type III to Type VI); this partially protects them from the carcinogenic effect of the sun. They protect their skin by wearing long-sleeved clothes, and they cover their heads with ‘safas’ (turban) and even faces are covered in women. Because of the nature of the sunny desert all year round, they are prone to develop skin tumors and even malignant ones such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. There are no community based statistical data to show the incidence and prevalence of these tumors in desert dwellers. There were nine malignant tumors, six of which were basal cell carcinomas [Figure 4], two squamous cell carcinomas and one melanoma in our study.

Bottom Line: The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms.Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region.Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Desert dermatology describes the cutaneous changes and the diseases affecting those living in the desert. Diurnal variation in temperature is high and is characteristic of the deserts. The lack of water affects daily activities and impacts dermatological conditions. Adaptation to the desert is therefore important to survival. This original article focuses on dermatoses occurring in a population in the Thar desert of India, predominantly located in Rajasthan.

Materials and methods: This is a descriptive study involving various dermatoses seen in patients residing in the Thar desert region over a duration of 3 years.

Results: Infections were the most common condition seen among this population and among them fungal infections were the most common. The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms. Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region. Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

Conclusion: The environment of the desert provides for a wide variety of dermatoses that can result in these regions with few of these dermatoses found in much higher incidence than in other regions. The concept of desert dermatology needs to be understood in more details to provide better care to those suffering from desert dermatoses and this article is a step forward in this regard.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus