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A study of Desert Dermatoses in the Thar Desert Region.

Chatterjee M, Vasudevan B - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Jan-Feb)

Bottom Line: The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms.Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region.Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Desert dermatology describes the cutaneous changes and the diseases affecting those living in the desert. Diurnal variation in temperature is high and is characteristic of the deserts. The lack of water affects daily activities and impacts dermatological conditions. Adaptation to the desert is therefore important to survival. This original article focuses on dermatoses occurring in a population in the Thar desert of India, predominantly located in Rajasthan.

Materials and methods: This is a descriptive study involving various dermatoses seen in patients residing in the Thar desert region over a duration of 3 years.

Results: Infections were the most common condition seen among this population and among them fungal infections were the most common. The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms. Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region. Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

Conclusion: The environment of the desert provides for a wide variety of dermatoses that can result in these regions with few of these dermatoses found in much higher incidence than in other regions. The concept of desert dermatology needs to be understood in more details to provide better care to those suffering from desert dermatoses and this article is a step forward in this regard.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Mean monthly temperature in degrees centigrade throughout the year
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Figure 3: Mean monthly temperature in degrees centigrade throughout the year

Mentions: The Thar Desert in Western Rajasthan is the most arid part of the State where the annual rainfall varies from 100 to 400 mm, quite often erratic, so much so, that the entire rainfall of the year may fall on a single day and the rest of the year may be dry. As an illustration, a certain area (Osian) has been used to depict the environmental aspects of desert life. The average humidity is low [Figure 2]. Average summer temperatures are always high [Figure 3] and the diurnal range exceeds even 20°C. Winters are of short duration, not exceeding 2 months-December and January.


A study of Desert Dermatoses in the Thar Desert Region.

Chatterjee M, Vasudevan B - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Jan-Feb)

Mean monthly temperature in degrees centigrade throughout the year
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4318057&req=5

Figure 3: Mean monthly temperature in degrees centigrade throughout the year
Mentions: The Thar Desert in Western Rajasthan is the most arid part of the State where the annual rainfall varies from 100 to 400 mm, quite often erratic, so much so, that the entire rainfall of the year may fall on a single day and the rest of the year may be dry. As an illustration, a certain area (Osian) has been used to depict the environmental aspects of desert life. The average humidity is low [Figure 2]. Average summer temperatures are always high [Figure 3] and the diurnal range exceeds even 20°C. Winters are of short duration, not exceeding 2 months-December and January.

Bottom Line: The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms.Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region.Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Desert dermatology describes the cutaneous changes and the diseases affecting those living in the desert. Diurnal variation in temperature is high and is characteristic of the deserts. The lack of water affects daily activities and impacts dermatological conditions. Adaptation to the desert is therefore important to survival. This original article focuses on dermatoses occurring in a population in the Thar desert of India, predominantly located in Rajasthan.

Materials and methods: This is a descriptive study involving various dermatoses seen in patients residing in the Thar desert region over a duration of 3 years.

Results: Infections were the most common condition seen among this population and among them fungal infections were the most common. The high incidence of these infections would be accounted for by the poor hygienic conditions due to lack of bathing facilities due to scarcity of water and the consequent sweat retention and overgrowth of cutaneous infective organisms. Pigmentary disorders, photodermatoses, leishmaniasis and skin tumors were found to be more prevalent in this region. Desert sweat dermatitis was another specific condition found to have an increased incidence.

Conclusion: The environment of the desert provides for a wide variety of dermatoses that can result in these regions with few of these dermatoses found in much higher incidence than in other regions. The concept of desert dermatology needs to be understood in more details to provide better care to those suffering from desert dermatoses and this article is a step forward in this regard.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus