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Acquired Port-wine Stain in an Adult Male: First Reported Case from India with Review of Literature.

Bansal S, Garg VK, Wadhwa B, Khurana N - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Jan-Feb)

Bottom Line: Less than 75 cases of acquired PWSs have been reported in the published literature, of which there has not been a single report from India so far.Various factors have been proposed for its pathogenesis like trauma, actinic exposure, drugs, tumors, and herpes zoster infection.The causative factors, treatment, and previous reports of this uncommon entity have also been reviewed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT
Port-wine stains (PWSs) are congenital vascular lesions caused by progressive ectasia of blood vessels located in the vascular plexus of the dermis. Acquired PWSs develop later in life but are identical in morphology and histology to the congenital PWSs. Less than 75 cases of acquired PWSs have been reported in the published literature, of which there has not been a single report from India so far. Various factors have been proposed for its pathogenesis like trauma, actinic exposure, drugs, tumors, and herpes zoster infection. We report an acquired port-wine stain in a 41-year-old male. The causative factors, treatment, and previous reports of this uncommon entity have also been reviewed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(a) Multiple dilated variably sized capillaries in the dermis (H and E, ×40, arrows). (b) High power showing groups of capillaries lined by a single layer of endothelial cells (H and E, ×250, arrow)
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Figure 3: (a) Multiple dilated variably sized capillaries in the dermis (H and E, ×40, arrows). (b) High power showing groups of capillaries lined by a single layer of endothelial cells (H and E, ×250, arrow)

Mentions: On the basis of the clinical examination, a provisional diagnosis of acquired PWS was made and the patient investigated. The histopathological examination revealed multiple dilated, variably sized capillaries lined by a single layer of endothelial cells throughout the dermis showing lobular arrangement at places [Figure 3]. Color Doppler of the limb did not reveal any abnormality of the underlying arteries and veins.


Acquired Port-wine Stain in an Adult Male: First Reported Case from India with Review of Literature.

Bansal S, Garg VK, Wadhwa B, Khurana N - Indian J Dermatol (2015 Jan-Feb)

(a) Multiple dilated variably sized capillaries in the dermis (H and E, ×40, arrows). (b) High power showing groups of capillaries lined by a single layer of endothelial cells (H and E, ×250, arrow)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4318034&req=5

Figure 3: (a) Multiple dilated variably sized capillaries in the dermis (H and E, ×40, arrows). (b) High power showing groups of capillaries lined by a single layer of endothelial cells (H and E, ×250, arrow)
Mentions: On the basis of the clinical examination, a provisional diagnosis of acquired PWS was made and the patient investigated. The histopathological examination revealed multiple dilated, variably sized capillaries lined by a single layer of endothelial cells throughout the dermis showing lobular arrangement at places [Figure 3]. Color Doppler of the limb did not reveal any abnormality of the underlying arteries and veins.

Bottom Line: Less than 75 cases of acquired PWSs have been reported in the published literature, of which there has not been a single report from India so far.Various factors have been proposed for its pathogenesis like trauma, actinic exposure, drugs, tumors, and herpes zoster infection.The causative factors, treatment, and previous reports of this uncommon entity have also been reviewed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT
Port-wine stains (PWSs) are congenital vascular lesions caused by progressive ectasia of blood vessels located in the vascular plexus of the dermis. Acquired PWSs develop later in life but are identical in morphology and histology to the congenital PWSs. Less than 75 cases of acquired PWSs have been reported in the published literature, of which there has not been a single report from India so far. Various factors have been proposed for its pathogenesis like trauma, actinic exposure, drugs, tumors, and herpes zoster infection. We report an acquired port-wine stain in a 41-year-old male. The causative factors, treatment, and previous reports of this uncommon entity have also been reviewed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus