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Major sites of cancer occurrence among men and women in gandhinagar district, India.

Jivarajani PJ, Patel HV, Mecwan RR, Solanki JB, Pandya VB - Indian J Community Med (2015 Jan-Mar)

Bottom Line: For mortality data, death registration units were contacted.Among males, the leadings sites were mouth, tongue, lung, esophagus, hypopharynx, and larynx, whereas in females they were breast, cervix, ovary, mouth, tongue and myeloid leukemia.Majority of cases were found in the age group of 35-64 years and the proportion in male and female in this age group was 62.51% and 71.05%, respectively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Oncology and Medical Records, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study examines major cancer sites among the population of Gandhinagar district, India during the year 2009-2011.

Objective: To study leading cancer incidents and mortality and their age distribution in both sexes in Gandhinagar district.

Materials and methods: Primary data were collected from various sources and entered in computer and analyzed. Quality checks were done, and duplicate cases were eliminated. For mortality data, death registration units were contacted.

Results: Total 2360 incident cases (1374 males and 986 females) and 736 mortality cases (464 males and 272 females) were recorded during the year 2009-2011 in Gandhinagar district. Among males, the leadings sites were mouth, tongue, lung, esophagus, hypopharynx, and larynx, whereas in females they were breast, cervix, ovary, mouth, tongue and myeloid leukemia. Majority of cases were found in the age group of 35-64 years and the proportion in male and female in this age group was 62.51% and 71.05%, respectively.

Conclusion: The study helps to understand the possible cancer patterns in Gandhinagar district. Foremost causes of cancer in leading sites in males were tobacco related, and the proportion of cancers associated with tobacco was 53% in our study. It highlights the possibility of easy and early detection of cancers, especially by oral cancer screening in the population. Further, the findings highlight the need of cancer cervix and breast screening among the women at regular intervals through camp approach in the community, as these are the most common sites (40% of female cancers).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparison of age-adjusted incidence rates in Gandhinagar district with different PBCRs for breast cancer in females
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Figure 3: Comparison of age-adjusted incidence rates in Gandhinagar district with different PBCRs for breast cancer in females

Mentions: In females, the breast cancer was the foremost concern. Cancer of breast had emerged as the leading site of cancer in most urban populations of India. In our study, we observed similar pattern. For the year 2007, there have been 82,000 estimated new cases of breast cancer in India. It is rapidly replacing cancer of cervix as the most important leading site of cancer among women.(13) Figure 3 shows comparison of AAR with different PBCR for cancer of breast in females. Bangalore (36.1), Mumbai and Delhi (32.3) had higher AARs of female breast cancers among all PBCRs.(10) In our study, AAR of female breast cancers was 11.3 per 100,000 population. Cervical cancer is the commonest malignancy among women in India over past two decades and second most common form of cancer in the world as a whole.(14) All the urban PBCRs at Bangalore, Bhopal, Chennai, Delhi, and Mumbai have shown a statistically significant decrease in the AARs of this site of cancer.(15)


Major sites of cancer occurrence among men and women in gandhinagar district, India.

Jivarajani PJ, Patel HV, Mecwan RR, Solanki JB, Pandya VB - Indian J Community Med (2015 Jan-Mar)

Comparison of age-adjusted incidence rates in Gandhinagar district with different PBCRs for breast cancer in females
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4317983&req=5

Figure 3: Comparison of age-adjusted incidence rates in Gandhinagar district with different PBCRs for breast cancer in females
Mentions: In females, the breast cancer was the foremost concern. Cancer of breast had emerged as the leading site of cancer in most urban populations of India. In our study, we observed similar pattern. For the year 2007, there have been 82,000 estimated new cases of breast cancer in India. It is rapidly replacing cancer of cervix as the most important leading site of cancer among women.(13) Figure 3 shows comparison of AAR with different PBCR for cancer of breast in females. Bangalore (36.1), Mumbai and Delhi (32.3) had higher AARs of female breast cancers among all PBCRs.(10) In our study, AAR of female breast cancers was 11.3 per 100,000 population. Cervical cancer is the commonest malignancy among women in India over past two decades and second most common form of cancer in the world as a whole.(14) All the urban PBCRs at Bangalore, Bhopal, Chennai, Delhi, and Mumbai have shown a statistically significant decrease in the AARs of this site of cancer.(15)

Bottom Line: For mortality data, death registration units were contacted.Among males, the leadings sites were mouth, tongue, lung, esophagus, hypopharynx, and larynx, whereas in females they were breast, cervix, ovary, mouth, tongue and myeloid leukemia.Majority of cases were found in the age group of 35-64 years and the proportion in male and female in this age group was 62.51% and 71.05%, respectively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Oncology and Medical Records, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study examines major cancer sites among the population of Gandhinagar district, India during the year 2009-2011.

Objective: To study leading cancer incidents and mortality and their age distribution in both sexes in Gandhinagar district.

Materials and methods: Primary data were collected from various sources and entered in computer and analyzed. Quality checks were done, and duplicate cases were eliminated. For mortality data, death registration units were contacted.

Results: Total 2360 incident cases (1374 males and 986 females) and 736 mortality cases (464 males and 272 females) were recorded during the year 2009-2011 in Gandhinagar district. Among males, the leadings sites were mouth, tongue, lung, esophagus, hypopharynx, and larynx, whereas in females they were breast, cervix, ovary, mouth, tongue and myeloid leukemia. Majority of cases were found in the age group of 35-64 years and the proportion in male and female in this age group was 62.51% and 71.05%, respectively.

Conclusion: The study helps to understand the possible cancer patterns in Gandhinagar district. Foremost causes of cancer in leading sites in males were tobacco related, and the proportion of cancers associated with tobacco was 53% in our study. It highlights the possibility of easy and early detection of cancers, especially by oral cancer screening in the population. Further, the findings highlight the need of cancer cervix and breast screening among the women at regular intervals through camp approach in the community, as these are the most common sites (40% of female cancers).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus