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Major sites of cancer occurrence among men and women in gandhinagar district, India.

Jivarajani PJ, Patel HV, Mecwan RR, Solanki JB, Pandya VB - Indian J Community Med (2015 Jan-Mar)

Bottom Line: For mortality data, death registration units were contacted.Among males, the leadings sites were mouth, tongue, lung, esophagus, hypopharynx, and larynx, whereas in females they were breast, cervix, ovary, mouth, tongue and myeloid leukemia.Majority of cases were found in the age group of 35-64 years and the proportion in male and female in this age group was 62.51% and 71.05%, respectively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Oncology and Medical Records, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study examines major cancer sites among the population of Gandhinagar district, India during the year 2009-2011.

Objective: To study leading cancer incidents and mortality and their age distribution in both sexes in Gandhinagar district.

Materials and methods: Primary data were collected from various sources and entered in computer and analyzed. Quality checks were done, and duplicate cases were eliminated. For mortality data, death registration units were contacted.

Results: Total 2360 incident cases (1374 males and 986 females) and 736 mortality cases (464 males and 272 females) were recorded during the year 2009-2011 in Gandhinagar district. Among males, the leadings sites were mouth, tongue, lung, esophagus, hypopharynx, and larynx, whereas in females they were breast, cervix, ovary, mouth, tongue and myeloid leukemia. Majority of cases were found in the age group of 35-64 years and the proportion in male and female in this age group was 62.51% and 71.05%, respectively.

Conclusion: The study helps to understand the possible cancer patterns in Gandhinagar district. Foremost causes of cancer in leading sites in males were tobacco related, and the proportion of cancers associated with tobacco was 53% in our study. It highlights the possibility of easy and early detection of cancers, especially by oral cancer screening in the population. Further, the findings highlight the need of cancer cervix and breast screening among the women at regular intervals through camp approach in the community, as these are the most common sites (40% of female cancers).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparison of age-adjusted incidence rates in Gandhinagar district with different PBCRs for mouth cancer in males
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Figure 2: Comparison of age-adjusted incidence rates in Gandhinagar district with different PBCRs for mouth cancer in males

Mentions: Over a period of 3 years (2009-2011), the cancer cases among the males and females were 2360. Almost all the cases among males and females occurred in the age group 35-64 years as per the study. About half of the cases among men and one-fifth of cases among women pertaining to sites are mainly attributable to tobacco use. Overall, about one-third of cancers in India pertain to tobacco-related sites.(11) This study also represents the same pattern. Oral cancer is a major problem in the Indian subcontinent as it ranks among the top three types of cancer in the country.(12) This study highlighted that mouth cancer is ranked first. Figure 2 shows comparison of AAR with different Population-Based Cancer Registry (PBCR) for cancer of mouth in males. Ahmedabad urban district showed highest AAR (12.9) followed by Bhopal (9.9).(10) In our study in Gandhinagar district, AAR was 9.1 per 100,000 people per year.


Major sites of cancer occurrence among men and women in gandhinagar district, India.

Jivarajani PJ, Patel HV, Mecwan RR, Solanki JB, Pandya VB - Indian J Community Med (2015 Jan-Mar)

Comparison of age-adjusted incidence rates in Gandhinagar district with different PBCRs for mouth cancer in males
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4317983&req=5

Figure 2: Comparison of age-adjusted incidence rates in Gandhinagar district with different PBCRs for mouth cancer in males
Mentions: Over a period of 3 years (2009-2011), the cancer cases among the males and females were 2360. Almost all the cases among males and females occurred in the age group 35-64 years as per the study. About half of the cases among men and one-fifth of cases among women pertaining to sites are mainly attributable to tobacco use. Overall, about one-third of cancers in India pertain to tobacco-related sites.(11) This study also represents the same pattern. Oral cancer is a major problem in the Indian subcontinent as it ranks among the top three types of cancer in the country.(12) This study highlighted that mouth cancer is ranked first. Figure 2 shows comparison of AAR with different Population-Based Cancer Registry (PBCR) for cancer of mouth in males. Ahmedabad urban district showed highest AAR (12.9) followed by Bhopal (9.9).(10) In our study in Gandhinagar district, AAR was 9.1 per 100,000 people per year.

Bottom Line: For mortality data, death registration units were contacted.Among males, the leadings sites were mouth, tongue, lung, esophagus, hypopharynx, and larynx, whereas in females they were breast, cervix, ovary, mouth, tongue and myeloid leukemia.Majority of cases were found in the age group of 35-64 years and the proportion in male and female in this age group was 62.51% and 71.05%, respectively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Oncology and Medical Records, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study examines major cancer sites among the population of Gandhinagar district, India during the year 2009-2011.

Objective: To study leading cancer incidents and mortality and their age distribution in both sexes in Gandhinagar district.

Materials and methods: Primary data were collected from various sources and entered in computer and analyzed. Quality checks were done, and duplicate cases were eliminated. For mortality data, death registration units were contacted.

Results: Total 2360 incident cases (1374 males and 986 females) and 736 mortality cases (464 males and 272 females) were recorded during the year 2009-2011 in Gandhinagar district. Among males, the leadings sites were mouth, tongue, lung, esophagus, hypopharynx, and larynx, whereas in females they were breast, cervix, ovary, mouth, tongue and myeloid leukemia. Majority of cases were found in the age group of 35-64 years and the proportion in male and female in this age group was 62.51% and 71.05%, respectively.

Conclusion: The study helps to understand the possible cancer patterns in Gandhinagar district. Foremost causes of cancer in leading sites in males were tobacco related, and the proportion of cancers associated with tobacco was 53% in our study. It highlights the possibility of easy and early detection of cancers, especially by oral cancer screening in the population. Further, the findings highlight the need of cancer cervix and breast screening among the women at regular intervals through camp approach in the community, as these are the most common sites (40% of female cancers).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus