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Prevalence and correlates of metabolic syndrome in the adolescents of rural wardha.

Bhalavi V, Deshmukh PR, Goswami K, Garg N - Indian J Community Med (2015 Jan-Mar)

Bottom Line: Blood pressure and anthropometric measurements (height, weight, and waist circumference) were also taken.Prevalence of metabolic syndrome using ATP-III criteria modified for adolescents was found to be 9.9% (95% CI: 7.3-13.1) in the study population and lower level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was found with a prevalence of 58.3% (95% CI: 53.4-63.0).The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be significantly (P < 0.05) associated with the presence of obesity and hypertension among family members.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Maharashtra, India.

ABSTRACT

Background and objective: Metabolic syndrome is a major concern as a precursor of cardiometabolic diseases. The present study was designed to study the magnitude and correlates of metabolic syndrome among the adolescents of rural Wardha.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among the adolescents (10-19 years) of Anji PHC. A sample of 405 was selected by random sampling from the sampling frame available with department of Community Medicine. We collected data about their sociodemographic variables and other cardiometabolic risk factors. Fasting blood sample was collected to measure lipid profile and blood glucose. Blood pressure and anthropometric measurements (height, weight, and waist circumference) were also taken.

Results: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome using ATP-III criteria modified for adolescents was found to be 9.9% (95% CI: 7.3-13.1) in the study population and lower level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was found with a prevalence of 58.3% (95% CI: 53.4-63.0). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be significantly (P < 0.05) associated with the presence of obesity and hypertension among family members.

Interpretation: There was a moderately high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among rural adolescents.

Conclusion: The early identification of cardiometabolic risk factors such as hypertension and obesity can help prevent metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Prevalence (95% CI) of cardiovascular abnormalities in rural adolescents of Wardha
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Figure 1: Prevalence (95% CI) of cardiovascular abnormalities in rural adolescents of Wardha

Mentions: Figure 1 shows the magnitude of Cardiometabolic abnormalities in the study subjects. About 2.2% (95% CI: 1.1-4.0) adolescents had waist circumference equal to or more than 90th percentile for the age and sex. Blood pressure levels were higher in 22.4% (95% CI: 18.6-26.7) adolescents while triglyceride levels were higher than cutoff in 27.9% (95% CI: 23.7-32.4) adolescents. About 58.3% (95% CI: 53.4-63.0) adolescents had HDLc levels lower than desired, while fasting blood glucose was higher than cutoff among 13.8% (95% CI: 10.7-17.5) adolescents.


Prevalence and correlates of metabolic syndrome in the adolescents of rural wardha.

Bhalavi V, Deshmukh PR, Goswami K, Garg N - Indian J Community Med (2015 Jan-Mar)

Prevalence (95% CI) of cardiovascular abnormalities in rural adolescents of Wardha
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4317980&req=5

Figure 1: Prevalence (95% CI) of cardiovascular abnormalities in rural adolescents of Wardha
Mentions: Figure 1 shows the magnitude of Cardiometabolic abnormalities in the study subjects. About 2.2% (95% CI: 1.1-4.0) adolescents had waist circumference equal to or more than 90th percentile for the age and sex. Blood pressure levels were higher in 22.4% (95% CI: 18.6-26.7) adolescents while triglyceride levels were higher than cutoff in 27.9% (95% CI: 23.7-32.4) adolescents. About 58.3% (95% CI: 53.4-63.0) adolescents had HDLc levels lower than desired, while fasting blood glucose was higher than cutoff among 13.8% (95% CI: 10.7-17.5) adolescents.

Bottom Line: Blood pressure and anthropometric measurements (height, weight, and waist circumference) were also taken.Prevalence of metabolic syndrome using ATP-III criteria modified for adolescents was found to be 9.9% (95% CI: 7.3-13.1) in the study population and lower level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was found with a prevalence of 58.3% (95% CI: 53.4-63.0).The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be significantly (P < 0.05) associated with the presence of obesity and hypertension among family members.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Maharashtra, India.

ABSTRACT

Background and objective: Metabolic syndrome is a major concern as a precursor of cardiometabolic diseases. The present study was designed to study the magnitude and correlates of metabolic syndrome among the adolescents of rural Wardha.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among the adolescents (10-19 years) of Anji PHC. A sample of 405 was selected by random sampling from the sampling frame available with department of Community Medicine. We collected data about their sociodemographic variables and other cardiometabolic risk factors. Fasting blood sample was collected to measure lipid profile and blood glucose. Blood pressure and anthropometric measurements (height, weight, and waist circumference) were also taken.

Results: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome using ATP-III criteria modified for adolescents was found to be 9.9% (95% CI: 7.3-13.1) in the study population and lower level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was found with a prevalence of 58.3% (95% CI: 53.4-63.0). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be significantly (P < 0.05) associated with the presence of obesity and hypertension among family members.

Interpretation: There was a moderately high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among rural adolescents.

Conclusion: The early identification of cardiometabolic risk factors such as hypertension and obesity can help prevent metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus