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Newly defined aberrant crypt foci as a marker for dysplasia in the rat colon.

Ochiai M, Hippo Y, Izumiya M, Watanabe M, Nakagama H - Cancer Sci. (2014)

Bottom Line: Specifically, decoloring of the azoxymethane-treated rat colon after scoring classical ACF (cACF) resulted in visualization of a subset of aberrant crypts that remained densely stained.Accordingly, we designated those foci harboring either of the two crypt subtypes as dysplasia-associated ACF (dACF).Consequently, integrative scoring of cACF and dACF enabled capture of all early lesions of the colon.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Cancer Development System, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Direct comparison between images of the same foci visualized by different methods: lesion dysplasia-associated aberrant crypt foci-1 (dACF-1) with mild dysplasia (a–e); lesions dACF-2 (f–j) and dACF-3 (k–o) with moderate dysplasia; and lesion dACF-4 with severe dysplasia (p–t). The left four columns show the images obtained by scoring preneoplastic lesions on the mucosal surface, and the diagnosis is indicated below the images as − (negative) or + (positive). The far right column depicts H&E staining of the corresponding lesions in horizontal sections, where the grade of dysplasia is shown below the images. Open arrowheads point to the area where the dysplastic lesions are supposed to be located in each image.
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fig04: Direct comparison between images of the same foci visualized by different methods: lesion dysplasia-associated aberrant crypt foci-1 (dACF-1) with mild dysplasia (a–e); lesions dACF-2 (f–j) and dACF-3 (k–o) with moderate dysplasia; and lesion dACF-4 with severe dysplasia (p–t). The left four columns show the images obtained by scoring preneoplastic lesions on the mucosal surface, and the diagnosis is indicated below the images as − (negative) or + (positive). The far right column depicts H&E staining of the corresponding lesions in horizontal sections, where the grade of dysplasia is shown below the images. Open arrowheads point to the area where the dysplastic lesions are supposed to be located in each image.

Mentions: To relate dACF to other known preneoplastic lesions, the colons from three AOM-treated rats were serially stained to detect these lesions, and images of the same foci were directly compared (Fig. 3a). Staining with AB visualized four to five MDF per rat exclusively in the distal colon (Fig. 3b), as previously reported.(9,21) Subsequent brief exposure to MB visualized fACF, which completely coincided with MDF in a total of 14 lesions from three rats (Fig. 3c). By longer exposure to MB and subsequent destaining, 200–300/rat cACF and ˜120/rat dACF were visualized (Fig. 3c). Dysplasia-associated ACF tended to be in the more distal colon than cACF, in line with the dysplastic nature of dACF. Approximately 100 and 20 dACF were diagnosed as cACF+ve and cACF−ve, respectively (Fig. 3d), consistent with our pilot experiment. Taken together, dACF had a significant overlap with cACF and contained an entire population of MDF and fACF. Representative cases are shown in Figure 4; dACF-1 is cACF+ve (Fig. 4a–e) and dACF-2,3,4 are cACF−ve (Fig. 4f–q). Unlike dACF, all the other lesions were not constantly positive for these four foci. Of note, dACF-2 could be detected only as dACF, strongly suggesting higher sensitivity of dACF for dysplasia.


Newly defined aberrant crypt foci as a marker for dysplasia in the rat colon.

Ochiai M, Hippo Y, Izumiya M, Watanabe M, Nakagama H - Cancer Sci. (2014)

Direct comparison between images of the same foci visualized by different methods: lesion dysplasia-associated aberrant crypt foci-1 (dACF-1) with mild dysplasia (a–e); lesions dACF-2 (f–j) and dACF-3 (k–o) with moderate dysplasia; and lesion dACF-4 with severe dysplasia (p–t). The left four columns show the images obtained by scoring preneoplastic lesions on the mucosal surface, and the diagnosis is indicated below the images as − (negative) or + (positive). The far right column depicts H&E staining of the corresponding lesions in horizontal sections, where the grade of dysplasia is shown below the images. Open arrowheads point to the area where the dysplastic lesions are supposed to be located in each image.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4317850&req=5

fig04: Direct comparison between images of the same foci visualized by different methods: lesion dysplasia-associated aberrant crypt foci-1 (dACF-1) with mild dysplasia (a–e); lesions dACF-2 (f–j) and dACF-3 (k–o) with moderate dysplasia; and lesion dACF-4 with severe dysplasia (p–t). The left four columns show the images obtained by scoring preneoplastic lesions on the mucosal surface, and the diagnosis is indicated below the images as − (negative) or + (positive). The far right column depicts H&E staining of the corresponding lesions in horizontal sections, where the grade of dysplasia is shown below the images. Open arrowheads point to the area where the dysplastic lesions are supposed to be located in each image.
Mentions: To relate dACF to other known preneoplastic lesions, the colons from three AOM-treated rats were serially stained to detect these lesions, and images of the same foci were directly compared (Fig. 3a). Staining with AB visualized four to five MDF per rat exclusively in the distal colon (Fig. 3b), as previously reported.(9,21) Subsequent brief exposure to MB visualized fACF, which completely coincided with MDF in a total of 14 lesions from three rats (Fig. 3c). By longer exposure to MB and subsequent destaining, 200–300/rat cACF and ˜120/rat dACF were visualized (Fig. 3c). Dysplasia-associated ACF tended to be in the more distal colon than cACF, in line with the dysplastic nature of dACF. Approximately 100 and 20 dACF were diagnosed as cACF+ve and cACF−ve, respectively (Fig. 3d), consistent with our pilot experiment. Taken together, dACF had a significant overlap with cACF and contained an entire population of MDF and fACF. Representative cases are shown in Figure 4; dACF-1 is cACF+ve (Fig. 4a–e) and dACF-2,3,4 are cACF−ve (Fig. 4f–q). Unlike dACF, all the other lesions were not constantly positive for these four foci. Of note, dACF-2 could be detected only as dACF, strongly suggesting higher sensitivity of dACF for dysplasia.

Bottom Line: Specifically, decoloring of the azoxymethane-treated rat colon after scoring classical ACF (cACF) resulted in visualization of a subset of aberrant crypts that remained densely stained.Accordingly, we designated those foci harboring either of the two crypt subtypes as dysplasia-associated ACF (dACF).Consequently, integrative scoring of cACF and dACF enabled capture of all early lesions of the colon.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Cancer Development System, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus