MKK7 mediates miR-493-dependent suppression of liver metastasis of colon cancer cells.
Bottom Line: However, major functional targets that mediate the antimetastatic activity of miR-493 remain elusive.Here, we extended our search for target genes and identified MKK7, a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase, as a novel target of miR-493. miR-493 inhibits MKK7 expression by targeting the binding site at the 3'-UTR of the mkk7 gene.Immunohistochemical examination in human primary colon tumors revealed that the occurrence of liver metastasis is associated with elevated levels of MKK7.
Affiliation: Division of Cancer Development System, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.Show MeSH
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Mentions: In light of the functional association of MKK7 to metastasis (Figs 3, 4), we examined whether levels of MKK7 are associated with the presence of liver metastasis in clinical specimens. Human primary tumors with or without synchronous liver metastasis were immunostained with MKK7, and the extent of the staining was quantified (Fig. 5a). The comparison of the staining indicated that MKK7 was expressed in specimens with liver metastasis at levels higher than those without metastasis (Fig. 5b). These data are consistent with the role of MKK7 as a regulator of liver metastasis.
Affiliation: Division of Cancer Development System, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.