MKK7 mediates miR-493-dependent suppression of liver metastasis of colon cancer cells.
Bottom Line: MKK7 was expressed in six out of seven colon cancer cell lines examined but not in non-transformed colon epithelial cells, and its expression was required for the activating phosphorylation of JNK.RNA interference-mediated inhibition of MKK7 resulted in marked suppression of liver metastasis of colon cancer cells.Immunohistochemical examination in human primary colon tumors revealed that the occurrence of liver metastasis is associated with elevated levels of MKK7.
Affiliation: Division of Cancer Development System, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.Show MeSH
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Mentions: Our previous study showed that miR-493 directly targets IGF1R, and the inhibition of IGF1R induces cell death of metastatic cells and suppresses liver metastasis of colon cancer cells.(11) Because the extent of the suppression by IGF1R inhibition is modest in comparison to that caused by miR-493, it is likely that an unknown target gene(s) plays important roles on the inhibition of metastasis by miR-493.(11) In order to look for crucial target genes of miR-493, we used a searching criterion that differs from the one used in our previous studies: statistical significance (P < 0.05), instead of twofold cut-off, was used to select candidate genes through expression analyses of miR-493-transfected HCT116 colon cancer cells (Fig. 1a). We combined the new criterion from the expression studies with the targets predicted from a combination of in silico programs (Targetscan, PITA, miRanda).(11) The examination of overlapped genes between the criterion and the predicted targets led to identification of 16 candidates as potential targets of miR-493 (Fig. 1a), whereas only eight genes were identified if the previous criterion with a twofold cut-off was applied.(11)
Affiliation: Division of Cancer Development System, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.