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Stigma of mental illnesses as perceived by north korean defectors living in South Korea.

Ahn JH, Kim WH, Choi HJ, Jeon JY, Song IG, Bae JN - Psychiatry Investig (2014)

Bottom Line: Perceived stigma associated with attempted suicide was similar for North Korean defectors and South Koreans.North Korean defectors, who spent more than one year in transit country, had associations with lower perceived stigma of psychosis and alcoholism.Further studies are needed to document serial changes in stigmas for mental illnesses associated with the receipt of education at the Settlement Support Center for North Korean defectors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aims to provide the information of the stigmas of mental illness such as psychosis, alcoholism, attempt suicide, and depression among North Korean defectors.

Methods: We examined stigma for the mental illnesses of 639 North Korean defectors aged 19 to 65 years who live in the Settlement Support Center for North Korean Refugees. The stigmas of mental illnesses were assessed using the Perceived Devaluation-Discrimination Scale We directly compared the stigma level between North Korean defectors and the general population of South Korea.

Results: North Korean defectors had higher perceived stigmas of psychosis and alcoholism and lower perceived stigmas of depression than South Koreans. Perceived stigma associated with attempted suicide was similar for North Korean defectors and South Koreans. Only marital status in sociodemographic variables had associations with higher perceived stigma of psychosis, alcoholism, and depression in the North Korean defectors. North Korean defectors, who spent more than one year in transit country, had associations with lower perceived stigma of psychosis and alcoholism. North Korean defectors, who had the experience of compulsory repatriation to North Korea or North Korean family in South Korea, had an association with higher perceived stigma of depression.

Conclusion: North Korean defectors had higher perceived stigmas of psychosis and alcoholism and lower perceived stigmas of depression than South Koreans. Further studies are needed to document serial changes in stigmas for mental illnesses associated with the receipt of education at the Settlement Support Center for North Korean defectors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparison of the stigma on psychosis, alcoholism, attempted suicide, and depression between North Korean defectors and South Korean. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals. *p-value<0.05.
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Figure 1: Comparison of the stigma on psychosis, alcoholism, attempted suicide, and depression between North Korean defectors and South Korean. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals. *p-value<0.05.

Mentions: Mean PDD scale scores for psychosis, alcoholism, attempted suicide, and depression were 49.19 (SD=9.44), 46.35 (SD=8.69), 38.53 (SD=9.49), and 35.64 (SD=9.30). North Korean defectors had a higher score for psychosis than the South Korea population (49.19 vs. 41.05, p<0.001). Also defectors had a higher alcoholism score than South Koreans (46.35 vs. 42.85, p<0.001). However, North Korean defectors had a lower PDD score of depression (35.64 vs. 37.00, p=0.007), and a near identical PDD score of attempted suicide (38.53 vs. 38.81, p=0.575) (Figure 1).


Stigma of mental illnesses as perceived by north korean defectors living in South Korea.

Ahn JH, Kim WH, Choi HJ, Jeon JY, Song IG, Bae JN - Psychiatry Investig (2014)

Comparison of the stigma on psychosis, alcoholism, attempted suicide, and depression between North Korean defectors and South Korean. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals. *p-value<0.05.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4310926&req=5

Figure 1: Comparison of the stigma on psychosis, alcoholism, attempted suicide, and depression between North Korean defectors and South Korean. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals. *p-value<0.05.
Mentions: Mean PDD scale scores for psychosis, alcoholism, attempted suicide, and depression were 49.19 (SD=9.44), 46.35 (SD=8.69), 38.53 (SD=9.49), and 35.64 (SD=9.30). North Korean defectors had a higher score for psychosis than the South Korea population (49.19 vs. 41.05, p<0.001). Also defectors had a higher alcoholism score than South Koreans (46.35 vs. 42.85, p<0.001). However, North Korean defectors had a lower PDD score of depression (35.64 vs. 37.00, p=0.007), and a near identical PDD score of attempted suicide (38.53 vs. 38.81, p=0.575) (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Perceived stigma associated with attempted suicide was similar for North Korean defectors and South Koreans.North Korean defectors, who spent more than one year in transit country, had associations with lower perceived stigma of psychosis and alcoholism.Further studies are needed to document serial changes in stigmas for mental illnesses associated with the receipt of education at the Settlement Support Center for North Korean defectors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aims to provide the information of the stigmas of mental illness such as psychosis, alcoholism, attempt suicide, and depression among North Korean defectors.

Methods: We examined stigma for the mental illnesses of 639 North Korean defectors aged 19 to 65 years who live in the Settlement Support Center for North Korean Refugees. The stigmas of mental illnesses were assessed using the Perceived Devaluation-Discrimination Scale We directly compared the stigma level between North Korean defectors and the general population of South Korea.

Results: North Korean defectors had higher perceived stigmas of psychosis and alcoholism and lower perceived stigmas of depression than South Koreans. Perceived stigma associated with attempted suicide was similar for North Korean defectors and South Koreans. Only marital status in sociodemographic variables had associations with higher perceived stigma of psychosis, alcoholism, and depression in the North Korean defectors. North Korean defectors, who spent more than one year in transit country, had associations with lower perceived stigma of psychosis and alcoholism. North Korean defectors, who had the experience of compulsory repatriation to North Korea or North Korean family in South Korea, had an association with higher perceived stigma of depression.

Conclusion: North Korean defectors had higher perceived stigmas of psychosis and alcoholism and lower perceived stigmas of depression than South Koreans. Further studies are needed to document serial changes in stigmas for mental illnesses associated with the receipt of education at the Settlement Support Center for North Korean defectors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus