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The Relationship between Type D Personality and Suicidality in Low-Income, Middle-Aged Adults.

Yoon DH, Kim SJ, Lee JH, Kim PM, Park DH, Ryu SH, Yu J, Ha JH - Psychiatry Investig (2015)

Bottom Line: We sought to examine the effect of type D personality and other socio-demographic factors on suicidality in low-income, middle-aged Koreans.Subjects with type D personality had higher SSI scores (p<0.001), and the association between suicidality and socio-demographic factors (employment or physical health) could be found only in subjects without type D personality.In addition, the socio-demographic factors were less prominently associated with suicidality in those with type D personality.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Gangnam Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Low-income adults are considered to be a group at high risk for suicide. We sought to examine the effect of type D personality and other socio-demographic factors on suicidality in low-income, middle-aged Koreans.

Methods: In total, 306 low-income, middle-aged Koreans [age: 49.16±5.24 (40-59) years, 156 males, 150 females] were enrolled from the Korean National Basic Livelihood Security System. Socio-demographic data, including employment status, income, health, marital status, and educational attainment, were gathered. Beck's 19-item Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI) was applied to evaluate suicidality, and the DS14 was used to assess type D personality.

Results: Unemployment (p<0.01) and absence of spouse (p=0.03) predicted higher SSI scores independent of other socioeconomic factors. All type D personality scores [i.e., negative affectivity (NA), social inhibition (SI), and total score] predicted higher SSI scores independent of all socioeconomic factors (all, p<0.001). Subjects with type D personality had higher SSI scores (p<0.001), and the association between suicidality and socio-demographic factors (employment or physical health) could be found only in subjects without type D personality.

Conclusion: Type D personality was a risk factor for suicide in low-income Koreans, independently from socio-economic factors. In addition, the socio-demographic factors were less prominently associated with suicidality in those with type D personality.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Suicidality of subjects with and without type D personality.
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Figure 1: Suicidality of subjects with and without type D personality.

Mentions: Subjects with type D personality also had higher SSI scores (t=6.44, p<0.001) (Figure 1). Even after controlling for sex, age, and other socio-demographic variables, SSI scores were higher in subjects with type D personality (F=35.43, p<0.001).


The Relationship between Type D Personality and Suicidality in Low-Income, Middle-Aged Adults.

Yoon DH, Kim SJ, Lee JH, Kim PM, Park DH, Ryu SH, Yu J, Ha JH - Psychiatry Investig (2015)

Suicidality of subjects with and without type D personality.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4310916&req=5

Figure 1: Suicidality of subjects with and without type D personality.
Mentions: Subjects with type D personality also had higher SSI scores (t=6.44, p<0.001) (Figure 1). Even after controlling for sex, age, and other socio-demographic variables, SSI scores were higher in subjects with type D personality (F=35.43, p<0.001).

Bottom Line: We sought to examine the effect of type D personality and other socio-demographic factors on suicidality in low-income, middle-aged Koreans.Subjects with type D personality had higher SSI scores (p<0.001), and the association between suicidality and socio-demographic factors (employment or physical health) could be found only in subjects without type D personality.In addition, the socio-demographic factors were less prominently associated with suicidality in those with type D personality.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Gangnam Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Low-income adults are considered to be a group at high risk for suicide. We sought to examine the effect of type D personality and other socio-demographic factors on suicidality in low-income, middle-aged Koreans.

Methods: In total, 306 low-income, middle-aged Koreans [age: 49.16±5.24 (40-59) years, 156 males, 150 females] were enrolled from the Korean National Basic Livelihood Security System. Socio-demographic data, including employment status, income, health, marital status, and educational attainment, were gathered. Beck's 19-item Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI) was applied to evaluate suicidality, and the DS14 was used to assess type D personality.

Results: Unemployment (p<0.01) and absence of spouse (p=0.03) predicted higher SSI scores independent of other socioeconomic factors. All type D personality scores [i.e., negative affectivity (NA), social inhibition (SI), and total score] predicted higher SSI scores independent of all socioeconomic factors (all, p<0.001). Subjects with type D personality had higher SSI scores (p<0.001), and the association between suicidality and socio-demographic factors (employment or physical health) could be found only in subjects without type D personality.

Conclusion: Type D personality was a risk factor for suicide in low-income Koreans, independently from socio-economic factors. In addition, the socio-demographic factors were less prominently associated with suicidality in those with type D personality.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus