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Association between nocturnal breastfeeding and snacking habits and the risk of early childhood caries in 18- to 23-month-old Japanese children.

Nakayama Y, Mori M - J Epidemiol (2015)

Bottom Line: Nocturnal breastfeeding habits were reported in 357 subjects (21.3%).After excluding items of multicollinearity, significant associations were observed between ECC and nocturnal breastfeeding, drinking or eating sweets after dinner every day, and the intake of candy, soda and/or isotonic drinks ≥ 4 days a week.This study suggests that nocturnal breastfeeding and snacking habits are correlated with ECC.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hokkaido Tomakomai Public Health Center.

ABSTRACT

Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases among children. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between nocturnal breastfeeding, snacking habits, or other risk factors and ECC in 18- to 23-month-old Japanese children.

Methods: Study subjects were 1675 children aged 18 to 23 months. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by parents or guardians of the children. The survey contents included such things as number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth per child, smokers in the home, nocturnal breastfeeding habit, snack times, kinds of snacks consumed ≥ 4 days a week, kinds of drinks consumed ≥ 4 days a week, parents brushing their child's teeth daily, and the use of fluoride toothpaste. Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the odds of ECC.

Results: The average number of decayed, missing and filled teeth was 0.10. The prevalence of dental caries was 3.3%. Nocturnal breastfeeding habits were reported in 357 subjects (21.3%). After excluding items of multicollinearity, significant associations were observed between ECC and nocturnal breastfeeding, drinking or eating sweets after dinner every day, and the intake of candy, soda and/or isotonic drinks ≥ 4 days a week.

Conclusions: This study suggests that nocturnal breastfeeding and snacking habits are correlated with ECC.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of study subjects according to the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth
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fig01: Distribution of study subjects according to the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth

Mentions: Figure shows distribution of study subjects according to the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth. No caries were observed in 1620 infants. The average number of decayed, missing or filled teeth was 0.10 (standard deviation [SD] 0.65). The prevalence of dental caries was 3.3% (55/1675). Nocturnal breastfeeding habits were documented in 357 subjects (21.3%). ETS was reported for 992 children (59.2%).


Association between nocturnal breastfeeding and snacking habits and the risk of early childhood caries in 18- to 23-month-old Japanese children.

Nakayama Y, Mori M - J Epidemiol (2015)

Distribution of study subjects according to the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4310875&req=5

fig01: Distribution of study subjects according to the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth
Mentions: Figure shows distribution of study subjects according to the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth. No caries were observed in 1620 infants. The average number of decayed, missing or filled teeth was 0.10 (standard deviation [SD] 0.65). The prevalence of dental caries was 3.3% (55/1675). Nocturnal breastfeeding habits were documented in 357 subjects (21.3%). ETS was reported for 992 children (59.2%).

Bottom Line: Nocturnal breastfeeding habits were reported in 357 subjects (21.3%).After excluding items of multicollinearity, significant associations were observed between ECC and nocturnal breastfeeding, drinking or eating sweets after dinner every day, and the intake of candy, soda and/or isotonic drinks ≥ 4 days a week.This study suggests that nocturnal breastfeeding and snacking habits are correlated with ECC.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hokkaido Tomakomai Public Health Center.

ABSTRACT

Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases among children. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between nocturnal breastfeeding, snacking habits, or other risk factors and ECC in 18- to 23-month-old Japanese children.

Methods: Study subjects were 1675 children aged 18 to 23 months. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by parents or guardians of the children. The survey contents included such things as number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth per child, smokers in the home, nocturnal breastfeeding habit, snack times, kinds of snacks consumed ≥ 4 days a week, kinds of drinks consumed ≥ 4 days a week, parents brushing their child's teeth daily, and the use of fluoride toothpaste. Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the odds of ECC.

Results: The average number of decayed, missing and filled teeth was 0.10. The prevalence of dental caries was 3.3%. Nocturnal breastfeeding habits were reported in 357 subjects (21.3%). After excluding items of multicollinearity, significant associations were observed between ECC and nocturnal breastfeeding, drinking or eating sweets after dinner every day, and the intake of candy, soda and/or isotonic drinks ≥ 4 days a week.

Conclusions: This study suggests that nocturnal breastfeeding and snacking habits are correlated with ECC.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus