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Trends of pesticide exposure and related cases in the Philippines.

Lu JL, Cosca KZ, Del Mundo J - J Rural Med (2010)

Bottom Line: Based on hospital surveys, the number of pesticide cases as well as mortality trends have been increasing.Government agencies should intensify their surveillance and regulation on both household and agricultural pesticides.The state of pesticide-related illnesses mirrors the poor safety practices among farmers as well as lack of necessary supervision from the government agencies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Institutes of Health, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Philippines.

ABSTRACT
The study aims to provide a comprehensive trend of pesticide poisoning cases in the Philippines as well as pesticide exposures, and risk factors related to the adverse effects of pesticide. Records were gathered from the National Poison Control and Management Center (NPCMC), the Philippine General Hospital, De La Salle Medical Center, and other hospitals, and reviewed research studies conducted in the Philippines. Based on hospital surveys, the number of pesticide cases as well as mortality trends have been increasing. Studies from 2006 to 2010 showed that human health especially those of the farmers is at risk due to pesticide exposure. Illnesses and symptoms such as headache, skin abnormalities, fatigue, fever, and weaknesses were the common health complaints experienced by the farmers as reported in the research studies. Moreover, the studies showed risk factors to pesticide exposure, work practices, and pesticide residues in environmental media that could be contributory to pesticide poisoning cases. Government agencies should intensify their surveillance and regulation on both household and agricultural pesticides. The state of pesticide-related illnesses mirrors the poor safety practices among farmers as well as lack of necessary supervision from the government agencies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Frequency of top ten poisons including pesticide poisoning cases among children(N=1,832). Source: Philippine General Hospital, 20098).
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fig_011: Frequency of top ten poisons including pesticide poisoning cases among children(N=1,832). Source: Philippine General Hospital, 20098).

Mentions: Pesticide poisoning is also common among children and infants. In the study of Cucuenco inBenguet province located in the north eastern part of Luzon Island in the Philippines,school children were reported to start working in the vegetable gardens as early as 6–9years old40). Their work consisted offilling the soil, land preparation, planting, watering, harvesting, and application of bothfertilizer and pesticides. The children were familiar with both garden pests and pesticides.Some of them were involved in chemical preparation, mixing, and spraying pesticides.Leftover pesticides were often stored or burned. The symptoms experienced by the childrenwere skin and nasal irritation, headaches, and abdominal pain after use of chemicals. Manyof them showed signs of poor nutrition as well as skin rashes. In Nicaragua, records fromthe Ministry of Health’s Pesticide Program showed continuing occupational acute pesticidepoisonings among children five to 14-year-old. The children were exposed to pesticides atwork in tobacco and basic grain crops41).A case study in the United States reported that 2.5-year-old ingested an unknown amount ofendosulfan from a 20-ounce soft drink bottle. Lee et al. also reported acase of pesticide intoxication specifically chlorpyrifos of a healthy 5-year 6-month-oldboy28). Moreover, in the study of Lu,pesticide DDT residue such as endosulfan was found in soil. Shown below (Figures 11Figure 11


Trends of pesticide exposure and related cases in the Philippines.

Lu JL, Cosca KZ, Del Mundo J - J Rural Med (2010)

Frequency of top ten poisons including pesticide poisoning cases among children(N=1,832). Source: Philippine General Hospital, 20098).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4309360&req=5

fig_011: Frequency of top ten poisons including pesticide poisoning cases among children(N=1,832). Source: Philippine General Hospital, 20098).
Mentions: Pesticide poisoning is also common among children and infants. In the study of Cucuenco inBenguet province located in the north eastern part of Luzon Island in the Philippines,school children were reported to start working in the vegetable gardens as early as 6–9years old40). Their work consisted offilling the soil, land preparation, planting, watering, harvesting, and application of bothfertilizer and pesticides. The children were familiar with both garden pests and pesticides.Some of them were involved in chemical preparation, mixing, and spraying pesticides.Leftover pesticides were often stored or burned. The symptoms experienced by the childrenwere skin and nasal irritation, headaches, and abdominal pain after use of chemicals. Manyof them showed signs of poor nutrition as well as skin rashes. In Nicaragua, records fromthe Ministry of Health’s Pesticide Program showed continuing occupational acute pesticidepoisonings among children five to 14-year-old. The children were exposed to pesticides atwork in tobacco and basic grain crops41).A case study in the United States reported that 2.5-year-old ingested an unknown amount ofendosulfan from a 20-ounce soft drink bottle. Lee et al. also reported acase of pesticide intoxication specifically chlorpyrifos of a healthy 5-year 6-month-oldboy28). Moreover, in the study of Lu,pesticide DDT residue such as endosulfan was found in soil. Shown below (Figures 11Figure 11

Bottom Line: Based on hospital surveys, the number of pesticide cases as well as mortality trends have been increasing.Government agencies should intensify their surveillance and regulation on both household and agricultural pesticides.The state of pesticide-related illnesses mirrors the poor safety practices among farmers as well as lack of necessary supervision from the government agencies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Institutes of Health, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Philippines.

ABSTRACT
The study aims to provide a comprehensive trend of pesticide poisoning cases in the Philippines as well as pesticide exposures, and risk factors related to the adverse effects of pesticide. Records were gathered from the National Poison Control and Management Center (NPCMC), the Philippine General Hospital, De La Salle Medical Center, and other hospitals, and reviewed research studies conducted in the Philippines. Based on hospital surveys, the number of pesticide cases as well as mortality trends have been increasing. Studies from 2006 to 2010 showed that human health especially those of the farmers is at risk due to pesticide exposure. Illnesses and symptoms such as headache, skin abnormalities, fatigue, fever, and weaknesses were the common health complaints experienced by the farmers as reported in the research studies. Moreover, the studies showed risk factors to pesticide exposure, work practices, and pesticide residues in environmental media that could be contributory to pesticide poisoning cases. Government agencies should intensify their surveillance and regulation on both household and agricultural pesticides. The state of pesticide-related illnesses mirrors the poor safety practices among farmers as well as lack of necessary supervision from the government agencies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus