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Trends of pesticide exposure and related cases in the Philippines.

Lu JL, Cosca KZ, Del Mundo J - J Rural Med (2010)

Bottom Line: Based on hospital surveys, the number of pesticide cases as well as mortality trends have been increasing.Government agencies should intensify their surveillance and regulation on both household and agricultural pesticides.The state of pesticide-related illnesses mirrors the poor safety practices among farmers as well as lack of necessary supervision from the government agencies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Institutes of Health, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Philippines.

ABSTRACT
The study aims to provide a comprehensive trend of pesticide poisoning cases in the Philippines as well as pesticide exposures, and risk factors related to the adverse effects of pesticide. Records were gathered from the National Poison Control and Management Center (NPCMC), the Philippine General Hospital, De La Salle Medical Center, and other hospitals, and reviewed research studies conducted in the Philippines. Based on hospital surveys, the number of pesticide cases as well as mortality trends have been increasing. Studies from 2006 to 2010 showed that human health especially those of the farmers is at risk due to pesticide exposure. Illnesses and symptoms such as headache, skin abnormalities, fatigue, fever, and weaknesses were the common health complaints experienced by the farmers as reported in the research studies. Moreover, the studies showed risk factors to pesticide exposure, work practices, and pesticide residues in environmental media that could be contributory to pesticide poisoning cases. Government agencies should intensify their surveillance and regulation on both household and agricultural pesticides. The state of pesticide-related illnesses mirrors the poor safety practices among farmers as well as lack of necessary supervision from the government agencies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Percentage distribution of pesticides used. Source: Lu, 201023).
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fig_008: Percentage distribution of pesticides used. Source: Lu, 201023).

Mentions: In one study of Lu23), pyrethroids(71.1%, 73%) were used by majority of the full- time and part- time farmers. For thefull-time farmers, this was followed by organophosphates (67.8%) and carbamates (57%). Forthe part-time farmers, carbamate (48%) was the second most commonly used. Organophopshatewas the least used pesticide (31%). Other pesticides used by both groups includedorganochlorides and nitrites (Table 2). Bothgroups were similar in terms of pyrethroid, carbamate and other pesticide use. However,their use of organophosphate was significantly different (p=0.001), such that about 2/3 ofthe full-time farmers used organophosphate, while only 1/3 of the part-time farmers used it.Shown in Figure 8Figure 8


Trends of pesticide exposure and related cases in the Philippines.

Lu JL, Cosca KZ, Del Mundo J - J Rural Med (2010)

Percentage distribution of pesticides used. Source: Lu, 201023).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4309360&req=5

fig_008: Percentage distribution of pesticides used. Source: Lu, 201023).
Mentions: In one study of Lu23), pyrethroids(71.1%, 73%) were used by majority of the full- time and part- time farmers. For thefull-time farmers, this was followed by organophosphates (67.8%) and carbamates (57%). Forthe part-time farmers, carbamate (48%) was the second most commonly used. Organophopshatewas the least used pesticide (31%). Other pesticides used by both groups includedorganochlorides and nitrites (Table 2). Bothgroups were similar in terms of pyrethroid, carbamate and other pesticide use. However,their use of organophosphate was significantly different (p=0.001), such that about 2/3 ofthe full-time farmers used organophosphate, while only 1/3 of the part-time farmers used it.Shown in Figure 8Figure 8

Bottom Line: Based on hospital surveys, the number of pesticide cases as well as mortality trends have been increasing.Government agencies should intensify their surveillance and regulation on both household and agricultural pesticides.The state of pesticide-related illnesses mirrors the poor safety practices among farmers as well as lack of necessary supervision from the government agencies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Institutes of Health, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Philippines.

ABSTRACT
The study aims to provide a comprehensive trend of pesticide poisoning cases in the Philippines as well as pesticide exposures, and risk factors related to the adverse effects of pesticide. Records were gathered from the National Poison Control and Management Center (NPCMC), the Philippine General Hospital, De La Salle Medical Center, and other hospitals, and reviewed research studies conducted in the Philippines. Based on hospital surveys, the number of pesticide cases as well as mortality trends have been increasing. Studies from 2006 to 2010 showed that human health especially those of the farmers is at risk due to pesticide exposure. Illnesses and symptoms such as headache, skin abnormalities, fatigue, fever, and weaknesses were the common health complaints experienced by the farmers as reported in the research studies. Moreover, the studies showed risk factors to pesticide exposure, work practices, and pesticide residues in environmental media that could be contributory to pesticide poisoning cases. Government agencies should intensify their surveillance and regulation on both household and agricultural pesticides. The state of pesticide-related illnesses mirrors the poor safety practices among farmers as well as lack of necessary supervision from the government agencies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus